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aman presentation aman presentation Presentation Transcript

  • PERSONAL
    STRESS
  • Part 1 – Stress in General
    Part 2 - Stress at Work
    Part 3 – Stress Management
  • Stress in General
    View slide
  • LEGAL OVERVIEW
    HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6)
    Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work
    HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7)
    Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work.
    View slide
  • WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad experiences. When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood. These chemicals give people more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if their stress is in response to something emotional and there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength.
  • STRESS FEELINGS
    • Restlessness
    • Lack of motivation or focus
    • Irritability or anger
    • Sadness or depression
    • Anxiety
  • TYPES OF STRESSORS
    time
    future
    school
    work
    family
    under pressure
    money
    finances
    peer pressure
    relationships
  • NEGATIVE STRESS
    • Distress:
    Considered bad stress, usually has
    negative consequences
  • POSITIVE STRESS
    • Eustress:
    Considered good stress, it arises in any
    situation or circumstance that a person
    finds motivating or inspiring.
  • SYMPTOMS OF STRESS
    Physical symptoms
    Mental symptoms
    Behavioural symptoms
    Emotional symptoms
  • PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
    • Back pain
    • Cold hands
    • Headaches
    • Racing heart
    • Fatigue
  • MENTAL SYMPTOMS
    • Sleep Problems
    • Crying spells
    • Forgetfulness
    • Lack of focus
  • BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
    • Anxiety
    • Nervousness
    • Violence
    • Impulsive
    • Conflicts
    • Arguing
  • EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS
    • Feeling Insecure
    • Depression
    • Worrying
    • Anger
    • Sadness
  • STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES
    Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as;
    Cardiovascular disease
    Immune system disease
    Asthma
    Diabetes
  • COSTS OF STRESS
    Stress equals….
    • Absenteeism
    • Grievances
    • Accidents
    • Errors of judgment
    • Conflict and interpersonal problems
    • Violence
    • Customer service problems
    • No time to do it right
    ……which equals increase of cost
  • Stress at Work
  • FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS
    boredom
    long hours
    workmates
    frustration
    traumatic events at work
    e g
    firemen, police
    demotion
    redundancy
    feel under
    valued
    extra responsibilities
    environment
  • Stress Management
  • CAUSES OF STRESS
    External Stresses
    Internal Stresses
  • INTERNAL STRESS
    Attitude
    Inability to accept uncertainty
    Pessimism- Negative self-talk
    Unrealistic expectations
    Perfectionism
    Lack of assertiveness
  • EXTERNAL STRESSES - ORGANISATIONAL
    Company take over
    Layoffs
    Major re-organisation
    Company relocation
    Employee benefit cuts
    Mandatory overtime
    Under valued
    Workloads vary
    Fast paced work
    React to changes
    Advancement difficult
    Insufficient resources
    Technology changes
    Workplace conditions
    Consistent poor performance
    Under payed
  • EXTERNAL STRESSES - MAJOR LIFE EVENTS
    Death of a loved one
    Divorce / separation
    Imprisonment
    Injury/illness
    Marriage/ engagement
    Loss of job
    Pregnancy
    Change in financial status
    Change of job / work
    Mortgage or loan
    Change in responsibilities
    Moving house
    Holidays
  • AWARENESS – what's the cause of your stress
    BALANCE – between good stress and bad
    stress
    CONTROL – how can you combat the negative
    effects of stress
    STRESS CONTROL
  • STRESS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
    Change your thinking
    Change your behaviour
    Change your lifestyle
  • SUMMARY
    Stress is a basic part of life. The way in which we deal with stress will make our lives pleasant and comfortable or leave us stressed and incapable of performing our obligations to the best of our abilities. Just have to deal with it.