Part 1 – Stress in General Part 2 - Stress at Work Part 3 – Stress Management
Stress in General
LEGAL OVERVIEW HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6) Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7) Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work.
WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad experiences. When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood. These chemicals give people more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if their stress is in response to something emotional and there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength.
Lack of motivation or focus
Irritability or anger
Sadness or depression
TYPES OF STRESSORS time future school work family under pressure money finances peer pressure relationships
Considered bad stress, usually has negative consequences
Considered good stress, it arises in any situation or circumstance that a person finds motivating or inspiring.
STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; Cardiovascular disease Immune system disease Asthma Diabetes
COSTS OF STRESS Stress equals….
Errors of judgment
Conflict and interpersonal problems
Customer service problems
No time to do it right
……which equals increase of cost
Stress at Work
FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS boredom long hours workmates frustration traumatic events at work e g firemen, police demotion redundancy feel under valued extra responsibilities environment
CAUSES OF STRESS External Stresses Internal Stresses
INTERNAL STRESS Attitude Inability to accept uncertainty Pessimism- Negative self-talk Unrealistic expectations Perfectionism Lack of assertiveness
EXTERNAL STRESSES - ORGANISATIONAL Company take over Layoffs Major re-organisation Company relocation Employee benefit cuts Mandatory overtime Under valued Workloads vary Fast paced work React to changes Advancement difficult Insufficient resources Technology changes Workplace conditions Consistent poor performance Under payed
EXTERNAL STRESSES - MAJOR LIFE EVENTS Death of a loved one Divorce / separation Imprisonment Injury/illness Marriage/ engagement Loss of job Pregnancy Change in financial status Change of job / work Mortgage or loan Change in responsibilities Moving house Holidays
AWARENESS – what's the cause of your stress BALANCE – between good stress and bad stress CONTROL – how can you combat the negative effects of stress STRESS CONTROL
STRESS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES Change your thinking Change your behaviour Change your lifestyle
SUMMARY Stress is a basic part of life. The way in which we deal with stress will make our lives pleasant and comfortable or leave us stressed and incapable of performing our obligations to the best of our abilities. Just have to deal with it.