PERSONAL<br />STRESS<br />
Part 1 – Stress in General<br />Part 2 - Stress at Work<br />Part 3 – Stress Management<br />
Stress in General<br />
LEGAL OVERVIEW<br />HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6)<br />Every employer shall take all practicable steps...
WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad expe...
STRESS FEELINGS<br /><ul><li>Restlessness
Lack of motivation or focus
Irritability or anger
Sadness or depression
Anxiety</li></li></ul><li>TYPES OF STRESSORS<br />time<br />future<br />school<br />work<br />family<br />under pressure<b...
NEGATIVE STRESS<br /><ul><li>Distress:</li></ul>Considered bad stress, usually has<br />negative consequences<br />
POSITIVE STRESS<br /><ul><li>Eustress:</li></ul>Considered good stress, it arises in any <br />situation or circumstance t...
SYMPTOMS OF STRESS<br />Physical symptoms<br />Mental symptoms<br />Behavioural symptoms<br />Emotional symptoms<br />
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Back pain
Cold hands
Headaches
Racing heart
Fatigue</li></li></ul><li>MENTAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Sleep Problems
Crying spells
Forgetfulness
Lack of focus</li></li></ul><li>BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Anxiety
Nervousness
Violence
Impulsive
Conflicts
Arguing</li></li></ul><li>EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Feeling Insecure
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  1. 1. PERSONAL<br />STRESS<br />
  2. 2. Part 1 – Stress in General<br />Part 2 - Stress at Work<br />Part 3 – Stress Management<br />
  3. 3. Stress in General<br />
  4. 4. LEGAL OVERVIEW<br />HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6)<br />Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work<br />HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7)<br />Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work.<br />
  5. 5. WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad experiences. When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood. These chemicals give people more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if their stress is in response to something emotional and there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength. <br />
  6. 6. STRESS FEELINGS<br /><ul><li>Restlessness
  7. 7. Lack of motivation or focus
  8. 8. Irritability or anger
  9. 9. Sadness or depression
  10. 10. Anxiety</li></li></ul><li>TYPES OF STRESSORS<br />time<br />future<br />school<br />work<br />family<br />under pressure<br />money<br />finances<br />peer pressure<br />relationships<br />
  11. 11. NEGATIVE STRESS<br /><ul><li>Distress:</li></ul>Considered bad stress, usually has<br />negative consequences<br />
  12. 12. POSITIVE STRESS<br /><ul><li>Eustress:</li></ul>Considered good stress, it arises in any <br />situation or circumstance that a person <br />finds motivating or inspiring.<br />
  13. 13. SYMPTOMS OF STRESS<br />Physical symptoms<br />Mental symptoms<br />Behavioural symptoms<br />Emotional symptoms<br />
  14. 14. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Back pain
  15. 15. Cold hands
  16. 16. Headaches
  17. 17. Racing heart
  18. 18. Fatigue</li></li></ul><li>MENTAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Sleep Problems
  19. 19. Crying spells
  20. 20. Forgetfulness
  21. 21. Lack of focus</li></li></ul><li>BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Anxiety
  22. 22. Nervousness
  23. 23. Violence
  24. 24. Impulsive
  25. 25. Conflicts
  26. 26. Arguing</li></li></ul><li>EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS<br /><ul><li>Feeling Insecure
  27. 27. Depression
  28. 28. Worrying
  29. 29. Anger
  30. 30. Sadness</li></li></ul><li>STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES<br />Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as;<br />Cardiovascular disease<br />Immune system disease<br />Asthma<br />Diabetes<br />
  31. 31. COSTS OF STRESS<br />Stress equals….<br /><ul><li>Absenteeism
  32. 32. Grievances
  33. 33. Accidents
  34. 34. Errors of judgment
  35. 35. Conflict and interpersonal problems
  36. 36. Violence
  37. 37. Customer service problems
  38. 38. No time to do it right</li></ul>……which equals increase of cost <br />
  39. 39. Stress at Work<br />
  40. 40. FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS<br />boredom<br />long hours<br />workmates<br />frustration<br />traumatic events at work<br />e g<br />firemen, police<br />demotion<br /> redundancy<br />feel under<br />valued<br />extra responsibilities<br />environment<br />
  41. 41. Stress Management<br />
  42. 42. CAUSES OF STRESS<br />External Stresses<br />Internal Stresses<br />
  43. 43. INTERNAL STRESS<br /> Attitude <br /> Inability to accept uncertainty<br />Pessimism- Negative self-talk<br />Unrealistic expectations<br /> Perfectionism<br /> Lack of assertiveness<br />
  44. 44. EXTERNAL STRESSES - ORGANISATIONAL<br />Company take over<br /> Layoffs<br />Major re-organisation<br />Company relocation<br />Employee benefit cuts<br />Mandatory overtime <br />Under valued<br />Workloads vary<br />Fast paced work<br />React to changes<br />Advancement difficult<br />Insufficient resources<br />Technology changes<br />Workplace conditions<br />Consistent poor performance<br />Under payed<br />
  45. 45. EXTERNAL STRESSES - MAJOR LIFE EVENTS<br />Death of a loved one<br />Divorce / separation<br />Imprisonment<br />Injury/illness <br />Marriage/ engagement<br />Loss of job<br />Pregnancy<br />Change in financial status<br />Change of job / work<br />Mortgage or loan<br />Change in responsibilities<br />Moving house<br />Holidays<br />
  46. 46. AWARENESS – what's the cause of your stress<br />BALANCE – between good stress and bad <br /> stress <br />CONTROL – how can you combat the negative<br /> effects of stress<br />STRESS CONTROL<br />
  47. 47. STRESS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES<br />Change your thinking<br />Change your behaviour<br />Change your lifestyle<br />
  48. 48. SUMMARY<br />Stress is a basic part of life. The way in which we deal with stress will make our lives pleasant and comfortable or leave us stressed and incapable of performing our obligations to the best of our abilities. Just have to deal with it.<br />

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