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    aman presentation aman presentation Presentation Transcript

    • PERSONAL
      STRESS
    • Part 1 – Stress in General
      Part 2 - Stress at Work
      Part 3 – Stress Management
    • Stress in General
    • LEGAL OVERVIEW
      HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 6)
      Every employer shall take all practicable steps to ensure the safety of employees while at work
      HEALTH AND SAFETY IN EMPLOYMENT ACT 1992 (sect 7)
      Every employer shall ensure that there are in place effective methods for identifying existing hazards, and (if possible before they arise) new hazards to employees at work.
    • WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad experiences. When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood. These chemicals give people more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if their stress is in response to something emotional and there is no outlet for this extra energy and strength.
    • STRESS FEELINGS
      • Restlessness
      • Lack of motivation or focus
      • Irritability or anger
      • Sadness or depression
      • Anxiety
    • TYPES OF STRESSORS
      time
      future
      school
      work
      family
      under pressure
      money
      finances
      peer pressure
      relationships
    • NEGATIVE STRESS
      • Distress:
      Considered bad stress, usually has
      negative consequences
    • POSITIVE STRESS
      • Eustress:
      Considered good stress, it arises in any
      situation or circumstance that a person
      finds motivating or inspiring.
    • SYMPTOMS OF STRESS
      Physical symptoms
      Mental symptoms
      Behavioural symptoms
      Emotional symptoms
    • PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
      • Back pain
      • Cold hands
      • Headaches
      • Racing heart
      • Fatigue
    • MENTAL SYMPTOMS
      • Sleep Problems
      • Crying spells
      • Forgetfulness
      • Lack of focus
    • BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
      • Anxiety
      • Nervousness
      • Violence
      • Impulsive
      • Conflicts
      • Arguing
    • EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS
      • Feeling Insecure
      • Depression
      • Worrying
      • Anger
      • Sadness
    • STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES
      Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as;
      Cardiovascular disease
      Immune system disease
      Asthma
      Diabetes
    • COSTS OF STRESS
      Stress equals….
      • Absenteeism
      • Grievances
      • Accidents
      • Errors of judgment
      • Conflict and interpersonal problems
      • Violence
      • Customer service problems
      • No time to do it right
      ……which equals increase of cost
    • Stress at Work
    • FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS
      boredom
      long hours
      workmates
      frustration
      traumatic events at work
      e g
      firemen, police
      demotion
      redundancy
      feel under
      valued
      extra responsibilities
      environment
    • Stress Management
    • CAUSES OF STRESS
      External Stresses
      Internal Stresses
    • INTERNAL STRESS
      Attitude
      Inability to accept uncertainty
      Pessimism- Negative self-talk
      Unrealistic expectations
      Perfectionism
      Lack of assertiveness
    • EXTERNAL STRESSES - ORGANISATIONAL
      Company take over
      Layoffs
      Major re-organisation
      Company relocation
      Employee benefit cuts
      Mandatory overtime
      Under valued
      Workloads vary
      Fast paced work
      React to changes
      Advancement difficult
      Insufficient resources
      Technology changes
      Workplace conditions
      Consistent poor performance
      Under payed
    • EXTERNAL STRESSES - MAJOR LIFE EVENTS
      Death of a loved one
      Divorce / separation
      Imprisonment
      Injury/illness
      Marriage/ engagement
      Loss of job
      Pregnancy
      Change in financial status
      Change of job / work
      Mortgage or loan
      Change in responsibilities
      Moving house
      Holidays
    • AWARENESS – what's the cause of your stress
      BALANCE – between good stress and bad
      stress
      CONTROL – how can you combat the negative
      effects of stress
      STRESS CONTROL
    • STRESS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
      Change your thinking
      Change your behaviour
      Change your lifestyle
    • SUMMARY
      Stress is a basic part of life. The way in which we deal with stress will make our lives pleasant and comfortable or leave us stressed and incapable of performing our obligations to the best of our abilities. Just have to deal with it.