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Cp Chem Chapter 1 Ab
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Cp Chem Chapter 1 Ab

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Transcript

  • 1. The Study of Matter & Change CP Chemistry Chapter 1
  • 2. Chemistry is a physical science.
    • It is the study of …
    • 1. composition
    • 2. structure
    • 3. properties
    • 4. changes
      • that matter undergoes.
  • 3. Branches of Chemistry
    • 1. organic
    • 2. inorganic
    • 3. physical
    • 4. analytical
    • 5. biochemistry
    • 6. theoretical
  • 4. Basic & Applied Research
    • Basic: just to increase our knowledge
      • Ex: Teflon was discovered this way
    • Applied: to solve a problem
      • Ex: medical treatments and pharmaceuticals
  • 5. Matter & Its Properties
    • Mass
    • Matter
    • Atom
    • Element
    • Compound
    • Mixture
  • 6. Types of Properties
    • What are some examples of a property of matter?
    • Extensive – amt dependent
      • Ex: ?
    • Intensive – not amt dependent
      • Ex: ?
  • 7. Physical Properties & Changes
    • Define physical change
    • Change of state
      • Solid
      • Liquid
      • Gas
  • 8. Characteristics of Matter
    • Volume
    • Shape
    • Energy
    • Motion
  • 9. Chemical Properties & Changes
    • Define chemical change
    • Reactants  Products
      • Evidence of change
    • Energy always converts to a new form but the amount of it in the universe stays the same.
  • 10. Classification of Matter
    • Pure, ex:
      • 1. fixed composition
      • 2. fixed properties
    • Mixture, ex:
    • blend of 2 or more kinds of matter which retains its own properties and identity
  • 11. Mixtures
      • Types of Mixtures
      • 1. homogeneous – uniform composition
      • ex.?
      • 2. heterogeneous – non-uniform composition
      • - has interfaces and phases
      • ex.?
  • 12. Elements
    • Periodic Table
    • Vertical Columns
      • Groups
      • Families
    • Horizontal Rows
      • Periods
  • 13. Types of Elements
    • Metal
    • Nonmetal
    • Metalloids
    • Noble Gases

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