South
Asian
(Indian)
Traditional
Healing

Kulky Nakai, M.A.
October 23, 2013
Healing & Medical
Traditions
(Kumar, Bhugra, & Singh, 2005)
Ay u r v e d a
Ayur = having to do with life or living
Veda = wisdom or knowledge

›  Health = harmony of
body + mind + so...
Ayurveda Science
System For:

›  Treating
illness and
disease

›  Creating
optimal health
(balance)

http://www.youtube.co...
Ayurveda Science
(cont’d)

›  Worldview:

›  Composed
of 5 great
elements
(bhutas)

›  Pairing of
great
elements
(doshas)
...
Mental Illness
›  Vaid (therapist)
›  plays an active role
›  makes a diagnosis
based on history of
symptoms and lifestyle...
Ayurveda Treatment
›  Purification: purges,

emetics, enemas,
bleeding, personal hygiene

›  Pacification: topical

applic...
Siddha System
“Perfection” or “Heavenly Bliss”

›  Identify causative
factors:
›  Pulse, examine urine,
eyes and tongue, v...
Traditional Indian
Psychotherapies
(Kumar, Bhugra, & Singh, 2005)
Shamanic Healing
›  Divine or spiritual powers to
heal psychic distress

›  Rituals:

›  Chanting of sacred verses
›  Spri...
Mystics as Healers
›  Common goal:

›  Self-realization
›  Self-transformation
›  Ultimate unification

(sense of centrali...
Models for
Psychotherapy
(Kumar, Bhugra, & Singh, 2005)
Guru-Chela Relationship
›  Teacher-Pupil Relationship
›  Guru = teacher and spiritual preceptor (physician of the
mind and...
Sahaja Therapy
Saha

= together Ja = born

›  Born together with
oneself

›  Innate drive to strive for
liberation and ins...
Ayurveda or Western Medicine
›  Select a system of treatment
› 
› 
› 
› 
› 
› 
(Weerasinghe & Fernando, 2011)

that is fam...
Ayurveda or Western Medicine
(cont’d)

›  Family members
›  Nature and severity of
› 
› 
› 
› 
› 
(Hilton, Grewal, Popatia...
Help-Seeking Behaviors
›  Social class
›  Education
›  Religion
›  Availability of healers
›  Interpretation of illness
› ...
Promotes Healing
and Wellbeing
›  Herbal medicines associated with chronic
disorders, such as depression, anxiety, insomni...
Integration of
Ayurveda and
Western Medicine
›  Ayurveda is used as part of everyday life as a means to balance
› 
› 
› 
›...
References
› 

Campion, J., & Bhugra, D. (1997). Experience of religious healing in psychiatric patients in South India. S...
Ayurvedic Treatment 10.22.13
Ayurvedic Treatment 10.22.13
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Ayurvedic Treatment 10.22.13

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"Developed from an integration of astrology, alchemy, medicine, and magic, traditional Indian healing groups consist of the systems of Ayurveda, yoga, unani, siddha, and homeopathy (Kumar, Bhugra, & Singh, 2005). Before consulting with medical professionals, standard practice encourages that South East Indian individuals seek religious centers if they experience psychological distress or illness. The following intervention paper discusses Moodley and West’s (2005) chapter on integrating South Asian Indian traditional healing into Western psychotherapy. This paper will also summarize additional scholarly articles on how South Asian Indian traditional healing promotes health and wellbeing. Finally, this paper briefly discusses how South Asian Indian traditional healing can be integrated into mental health programming.
...
Although the Western healthcare system has demonstrated vast evidence of success, healthcare providers must persistently recognize the meaning traditional practices hold for South Asians (Hilton, Grewal, Popatia, et al., 2001). Researchers emphasize the importance of comprehensive and preventative treatment when integrating traditional healing practices with Western medicine (Sharma et al., 2007). Integrating treatment with a holistic context will help to create a culturally sensitive atmosphere that may promote insight towards alternatives to better health."

Excerpt from my mid-term paper for Global and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Health and Dysfunction with Dr. Sonali Gupta

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Ayurvedic Treatment 10.22.13

  1. 1. South Asian (Indian) Traditional Healing Kulky Nakai, M.A. October 23, 2013
  2. 2. Healing & Medical Traditions (Kumar, Bhugra, & Singh, 2005)
  3. 3. Ay u r v e d a Ayur = having to do with life or living Veda = wisdom or knowledge ›  Health = harmony of body + mind + soul ›  includes social harmony ›  avoids dualism ›  psyche cannot be separated from soma
  4. 4. Ayurveda Science System For: ›  Treating illness and disease ›  Creating optimal health (balance) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iTOJ8c__rk8&list=PLEAEB635AF79B9AB4
  5. 5. Ayurveda Science (cont’d) ›  Worldview: ›  Composed of 5 great elements (bhutas) ›  Pairing of great elements (doshas) http://kimmana.com/411/fiveelementsofayurveda/
  6. 6. Mental Illness ›  Vaid (therapist) ›  plays an active role ›  makes a diagnosis based on history of symptoms and lifestyle ›  Mental Illness: ›  Mental origin + mental symptoms ›  Mental origin + physical symptoms ›  Physical origin + mental symptoms
  7. 7. Ayurveda Treatment ›  Purification: purges, emetics, enemas, bleeding, personal hygiene ›  Pacification: topical applicants of ointments, ingestion of decoctions from plans and metals ›  Removal of the cause: changes in lifestyle (i.e., diet, sleep, substances) and environment (e.g., family involvement)
  8. 8. Siddha System “Perfection” or “Heavenly Bliss” ›  Identify causative factors: ›  Pulse, examine urine, eyes and tongue, voice, body color, status of digestive system ›  Restore equilibrium: ›  Yoga, iatrochemistry, vomiting, enema, medicated oils, pressure techniques
  9. 9. Traditional Indian Psychotherapies (Kumar, Bhugra, & Singh, 2005)
  10. 10. Shamanic Healing ›  Divine or spiritual powers to heal psychic distress ›  Rituals: ›  Chanting of sacred verses ›  Sprinkling of “holy water” ›  Inducing a possessive state ›  Tantra or Tantric ›  Mantras, meditation, yoga, rituals ›  Causes and alleviation of mental distress ›  Comparable to modern depth psychology (emphasis on unconscious fantasies and conflicts)
  11. 11. Mystics as Healers ›  Common goal: ›  Self-realization ›  Self-transformation ›  Ultimate unification (sense of centrality and integration with the whole) ›  Remove suffering during one’s journey ›  Attain unity with deity ›  Self-surrender and search of truths beyond human understanding ›  Meditation, prayers, rituals, sacrifices, and lifestyle changes
  12. 12. Models for Psychotherapy (Kumar, Bhugra, & Singh, 2005)
  13. 13. Guru-Chela Relationship ›  Teacher-Pupil Relationship ›  Guru = teacher and spiritual preceptor (physician of the mind and soul with objectivity and competence) ›  Chela = disciple (self-exploration to liberate from suffering) ›  Self-discipline > self-expression ›  Emphasis on creative harmony between person and society ›  Active and directive
  14. 14. Sahaja Therapy Saha = together Ja = born ›  Born together with oneself ›  Innate drive to strive for liberation and insight towards one’s human potential ›  Greater emotional stability, reduced emotional reactivity and greater resilience to stressful stimuli
  15. 15. Ayurveda or Western Medicine ›  Select a system of treatment ›  ›  ›  ›  ›  ›  (Weerasinghe & Fernando, 2011) that is familiar Competent Ayurvedic practitioners Scarcity and cost of medicine quality Prepare medicine as prescribed Effort to grow and maintain herbal medicines Maintenance of folk knowledge Continue treatment through social network
  16. 16. Ayurveda or Western Medicine (cont’d) ›  Family members ›  Nature and severity of ›  ›  ›  ›  ›  (Hilton, Grewal, Popatia, et al., 2001) ›  illness Previous experience with healing practices Practicality of accessing treatment Western medicine side effects Risk of criticism or ridicule Length of time in host country Level of acculturation with Western society
  17. 17. Help-Seeking Behaviors ›  Social class ›  Education ›  Religion ›  Availability of healers ›  Interpretation of illness ›  Belief in spiritual treatment ›  Considers spiritual treatment appropriate for clinical condition (Campion & Bhugra, 1997)
  18. 18. Promotes Healing and Wellbeing ›  Herbal medicines associated with chronic disorders, such as depression, anxiety, insomnia, and Alzheimer’s disease (Sharma, Chandola, Singh, & Basisht, 2007) ›  Greater self-efficacy in using Ayurveda to promote positive health changes ›  Perceptual and phenomenological change of quality of life and expectation about health ›  Context of social support as a necessary part of a holistic intervention (Conboy, Edshteyn, & Garivaltis, 2009)
  19. 19. Integration of Ayurveda and Western Medicine ›  Ayurveda is used as part of everyday life as a means to balance ›  ›  ›  ›  and enhance holistic health Western medicine is quicker at controlling illness, whereas Ayurveda cures it with time Western treatment is commonly free-of-charge, convenient, rapidly effective, and supported by the community Ayurvedic patients often consume “cooling” beverages or foods when experiencing the undesirable effects from Western treatment Consider the association of illness and socio-religious factors that impact the degree of stressors and maladaptation to a new culture and society (Dein & Sembhi, 2001)
  20. 20. References ›  Campion, J., & Bhugra, D. (1997). Experience of religious healing in psychiatric patients in South India. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 32, 215-221. Retrieved from Springer-Verlag. ›  Conboy, L. A., Edshteyn, I., & Garivaltis, H. (2009). Ayurveda and Panchakarma: Measuring the effects of a holistic intervention. Scientific World Journal, 9, 272-280. doi:10.1100/tsw.2009.35 ›  Dein, S., & Sembhi, S. (2001). The use of traditional healing in South Asian psychiatric patients in the U.K.: Interactions between professional and folk psychiatries. Transcultural Psychiatry, 38,(2) 243-257. doi:10.1177/136346150103800207 ›  Hilton, B. A., Grewal, S., Popatia, N., Bottorff, J. L., Johnson, J. L., Clarke, H., Venables, L. J., et al. (2001). The Desi ways: Traditional health practices of South Asian women in Canada. Health Care for Women International, 22, 553-567. doi:0739-9332/01 ›  Kumar, M., Bhugra, D., & Singh, J. (2005). South asian (indian) traditional healing: Ayurvedic, shamanic, and sahaja therapy. In R. Moodley, & W. West (Eds.), Multicultural Aspects of Counseling and Psychotherapy Series 22: Integrating traditional healing practices into counseling and psychotherapy. (pp. 112-123). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781452231648.n10 ›  Moodley, R., & West, W. (2005). Integrating traditional healing practices into counseling and psychotherapy. London, UK: Sage Publications. ›  Prathikanti, S. (2007). Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Ayurveda Medicine. UCSF Mini Medical School for the Public Series. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=iTOJ8c__rk8&list=PLEAEB635AF79B9AB4 ›  Sharma, H., Chandola, H. M., Singh, G., & Basisht, G. (2007). Utilization of Ayurveda in health care: An approach for prevention, health promotion, and treatment of disease. Part 2 – Ayurveda in primary health care. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 13(10), 1135-1150. doi:10.1089/acm.2007.7017-B ›  Weerasinghe, M. C., & Fernando, D. N. (2011). Paradox in treatment seeking: An experience Lanka. Qualitative Health Research, 21(3), 365-373. doi:10.1177/1049732310385009 from rural Sri

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