Introduction session 1 - Myanmar


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Introduction session 1 - Myanmar

  1. 1. MECON Kick-off meeting King Monkut’s University of Technology Thonburi Campus 26th June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand Introduction of MES and Current status of Energy Efficiency in Myanmar AUNG THET PAING (MR.) ENERGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY COMMITTEE MYANMAR ENGINEERING SOCIETY (MES)
  2. 2. About MES  Myanmar Engineering Society (MES) is the professional civil society for all engineering discipline  Founded in 1995  Total Member: 36,788  Corporate Member Companies: 72  Central Committee member: 75  Election of Central Committee : every two years  Latest election was held in 2013 January.
  3. 3. About MES  MES has 6 branch offices around the country  MES has 21 technical divisions and 33 committees  Energy and renewable energy committee  involved with the consulting/ advisory role for energy related matters including energy Efficiency & Conservation, energy management and renewable energy.
  4. 4. About MES Objectives  Development of Engineering Profession  Competitiveness  Human Resource Development  Capacity Building  Industrial Development of Nation
  5. 5. About MES  Myanmar Engineering Society (MES) has been assigned as the counterpart to coordinate energy related activities with guidance from the Ministry of Energy for many years.  MES also closely working with Asean Centre for Energy (ACE) in the region’s energy co-operations and policy matters.  U Win Khaing, the president of Myanmar Engineering Society is also one of the members of National Energy Management Committee (NEMC).
  6. 6. Special Activities of MES  Myanmar National Building Code  Myanmar Engineering Council Law  Environmental Conservation  QA/QC for High rise building  Committee on Myanmar Transportation Studies  Energy and Renewable Energy
  7. 7. Trainings for Human Resource Development 1) Fundamental of Engineering (FE) 8) JFEE Welding Training 2) Programmable logistic Controller (PLC) 9) Skills Upgrading Training 3) Mechanical & Electrical Competency (M & E ) 10) Professional Training for Young Engineers 11) Basic Control Technology 4) MATLAB Programming 5) Circuit Theory and Basic Electronic 12) NSSA Welding Training 6) Basic Workshop Mechanical 13) Basic Digital Survey 7) Natural Disaster Management (GIS) Course
  8. 8. Pathway to PE in Myanmar Graduate Engineer 1-Registered Graduate Engineer Two Year Working as Graduate Engineer ,Gaining Experiences Registered Engineer Assessment Examination 2-Registered Engineer Registered Engineer 5 Year Working as Registered Engineer Professional Assessment Examination 3-Professional Engineer
  9. 9. Seminars, Workshops
  10. 10. JFEE Welding Training to Japan
  11. 11. Surveying of Sagaing Earthquake affected pagodas
  12. 12. Workshops on Disaster Risk Reduction with INGOs
  13. 13. Rehabilitation Works to Nargis Victims
  14. 14. Training for Safer Shelter Constructions
  15. 15. School Cum Shelters
  16. 16. Safe Drinking`Water Project Lien Aid (Singapore) and Myanmar Engineering Society
  17. 17. MKRC & WKRC Project MES + SEEDS Asia (Japan) 17
  18. 18. Young Engineers’ Excursions Trip
  19. 19. Energy & Renewable Energy Resource Centre Opening Ceremony of Energy & Renewable Energy Resource Centre, 15 Dec, 2007
  20. 20. Biomass Gasification for Electricity Project, Da Goon Daing Village, Twan-Tay Township
  21. 21. Tidal power generation in Ayeyarwaddy Region
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. ASEAN Energy Awards Received by Myanmar
  24. 24. ASEAN Energy Awards Received By Myanmar 2002 Kanbawza Bank, Yangon, (Special Submission) Winner 2005 Popa Mountain Resort, (Tropical Building) Winner 2006 Rural Electrification with Rice Husk Gasifier, (RE project) 2nd Runner-up 2007 Mingalar Garden Resort-Pyay, (Tropical Building) Winner 2008 Tidal Power Project-Kanbalar, (RE project) 1st Runner-up 2008 Bay of Bengal Resort-Ngwe Saung, (Tropical Building) 1st Runner-up
  25. 25. 2009 Shwe Inn Tha Floating Resort, Tropical Building, Winner 2009 Belle Resort, Chaung Tha, Tropical Building, 2nd Runner-up 2009 Rural Electrification with Mini Hydro Power Project (Ma Mya Dam) RE Project, Winner 2010 Multi Purpose Biomass Gasifier of Myanmar, (RE Project) 1st Runner- up 2010 Solar Lighting and Solar Water Pumping Project at Auk Pyun Wa Village, (RE Project ) up 2nd Runner-
  26. 26. Site Visit (for ASEAN Energy Award) 10 April, 2009: Electric Car Industry, S/Dagon, Yangon
  27. 27. ASEAN Energy Awards Night 7th August 2008
  28. 28. Energy Promotion for Rural Village in Myanmar Project
  29. 29. PROMEEC Promotion of Energy Efficiency and Conservation  MTPEC (Multi-country Training Program for Energy Conservation)  Energy Efficiency regulations  Energy Efficiency best practices  Energy Services Companies  Labeling programme  Site visits in Japan  ASEAN energy awards BOJ for EEB and EM for buildings and industries  Energy audits on industries
  30. 30. PROMEEC Promotion of Energy Efficiency and Conservation Energy Audit on Industry Sector  Mann Petroleum Refinery (Site visit & Audit) November 2001  Mann Petroleum Refinery (Follow up) December 2004  Kyankhin Cement Plant (Site visit & Audit) November 2006  Mayangone Textile Factory No. (1) (Site visit & Audit) November 2008  Myanmar Automobile & Diesel Engine Industries (Site visit & Audit) October 2009
  31. 31. PROMEEC Promotion of Energy Efficiency and Conservation Trainings, Workshops & Seminars  Building Energy Audit Training. 13-17 January 2003, Yangon  Workshop on the working group for benchmarking and energy audit guideline development project. 28 Feb 2003 to 1 March 2003, Yangon  Promotion of Energy Efficiency and Conservation (PROMEEC) for major industries in southeast Asia, 24 November 2006, Myanmar  EE&C workshop on ASEAN major industries, 1 December 2008, Chatrium Hotel, Yangon
  32. 32. AEMAS Asean Energy Management Scheme
  33. 33. GEF/UNIDO IEE Project The Improvement of Industrial Energy Efficiency in Myanmar Project Components for 5 years time frame 1. Improvement of policy and regulatory frameworks, incentive schemes, support programs 2. Capacity Building 3. Demonstrations and up-scaling Role of MES: To provide technical expertise
  34. 34. MECON Project Effective Energy efficiency Policy implementation targeting “New modern energy consumers” in the Greater Mekong Sub-region
  35. 35. Current Status of Energy Demand and Energy Efficiency in Myanmar
  36. 36. Key facts  Up trend in Energy Demand  Government is trying lift-up the energy supply to fulfill the energy sufficiency  Subsidies on energy prices will be decrease  Opportunity to promote energy efficiency at the beginning of mass energy consumption
  37. 37. About Myanmar GDP(PPP): USD 51.9 Billion (2011) GDP Composition by Sector:  Agriculture - 36.4 %  Industry - 26 %  Services - 37.6 % Literacy: about 92 %
  38. 38. Energy Policies Framework To maintain the status of energy independence To promote wider use of new and renewable sources of energy To promote energy efficiency and conservation To promote use of alternative fuels in household
  39. 39. Institutional Arrangements in the Energy Sector (1) Petroleum  Ministry of Energy (2) Electric Power (Hydropower)  Ministry of Electrical Power (3) Energy Efficiency  Ministry of Industry (4) Coal  Ministry of Mines (5) Nuclear  Ministry of Science and Technology (6) Biomass and Fuel-wood  Ministry of Forestry (7) Renewable Energy  Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation  Ministry of Science and Technology * Ministry of Energy is a Focal Point of the Myanmar Energy Sector Cooperations Related Organizations (Non Government) (1) Myanmar Engineering Society (2) Renewable Energy Association Myanmar 48
  40. 40. Formation of National Energy Management Committee
  41. 41. Duties of National Energy Management Committee (NEMC) Formulate National Energy Policy. National Energy Security Strategy To draft Necessary Law, Rules & Regulations to Implement Above Privatization of State-Owned Energy Sectors Development of Electrical Sector by Short & Long Term Plans Using Coal(CCT) for Power Generation Generating Electricity Using RE resources (Rural electrification ) Providing Adequate power for Industries To Prioritize Oil and Gas for Domestic Demands To Promote FDI for the Energy Development To Adopt Convenient Pricing Policy for Consumers & Investors To promote Energy Efficiency & Conservation in Industry, Transport and Household Sectors To participate in ASEAN Civilian Nuclear Power Activities
  42. 42. Energy and Electric Power Status
  43. 43. PRIMARY ENERGY RESOURCES IN MYANMAR 1 Crude Oil (Offshore & Onshore) (Proven + Probable) 648.59 MMBBL 2 Natural Gas (Offshore & Onshore) (Proven + Probable) 166.13 TSCF 3 Hydro 108,000 MW 4 Coal 711 Million Metric Tons 5 Biomass 52.5 % of total land area covered with forest potential available annual sustainable yield of woodfuel-19.12 Million Cubic Ton 6 Wind 365.1 TWH per year Coastal strip of 2832 Km with South-westerly wind -9 months North-easterly wind -3 months 7 Solar Power 51973.8 TWH per year 8 Geothermal 93 Locations Source: Energy Planning Dept, Ministry of Energy
  44. 44. Source: Asia Development Bank (ADB)
  45. 45. Source: Asia Development Bank (ADB)
  46. 46. Source : Ministry of Electric Power, April 2013
  47. 47. Access to Electricity (% of population)
  48. 48. Estimated Growth in Power Demand Source: Asia Development Bank (ADB)
  49. 49. Source: Ministry of Electric Power
  50. 50. Economic and Investment Opportunities in Power Sector Regulatory Frame Work in Power Sector The government subsidized in electricity business for many years Ministry of Electric Power, take the responsibilities of regulator. Plan Now, Government invite Foreign Direct Investment and local investors to invest in power generation.
  51. 51. Statistical data of Vehicles & Road Year Registered Vehicles 2001 2002 445167 461692 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 476350 960341 978522 991566 1024372 1997358 2067839 2298677 2331663 Myanmar has about 142395 Km of road networks. The length of various categories of road are as under: Road Length (KM) 18740 km 69732 •Union Highways •Township network road 19045 km 73843 •Major city road and other roads 26427 km 78266 •Village and boundary area roads 78183 km 90713 Among these roads , under the Ministry 92859 of Construction is about 39241 km. 104058 Source: Public Works, Ministry of Construction 111737 Vehicles per 1000 125355 Country people 127942 Myanmar 18 130050 Indonesia 250 370 142395 Thailand Source: ADB, October 2012
  52. 52. Role of Oil & Gas in Myanmar  Proven gas reserves total 11.8 trillion cubic feet (tcf) with huge potential for discovery. Offshore gas is the country’s most important source of export revenues, currently supplying Thailand with a new gas pipeline planned to the PRC.  A third of the country’s ($13.6 billion) in foreign direct investment is in the oil and gas sector (as of September 2011).  Myanmar is one of the five major energy exporters in the region, particularly of natural gas.  Myanmar has proven oil reserve of 2.1 billon barrels. (BP2012) (Malaysia 5.9 billon barrels, Indonesia 5.8 billon barrels, Vietnam 4.4 billon barrels,
  53. 53. Mining Sector MINERAL RESOURCES Myanmar is endowed with natural resources and extensive varieties of mineral resources and a well established centuries old mining industry.
  54. 54. Source: Ministry of Mines
  55. 55. Source: Ministry of Mines
  56. 56. Location Map of Coal Deposits & Coal Mines in Myanmar Myanmar is known to have numerous coal occurrences within the country. The existence of these are along the Ayeyarwady and Chidwin River Basins as well as in the southern part of the country. Myanmar has a total of 16 major coal deposits throughout the country. The total coal resources in place are estimated at about 711 milliontons in 2005. The Kalewa coal deposit was first discovered in 1886 and it had adequate reserve to offer reasonable prospect for development as an energy base. However, only one coal powered-plant in Myanmar was recently constructed at Tikyit of Shan State in 2005. Source: Ministry of Mines
  57. 57. Coal Production Forecast Tons in Thousand Year Production State Owned JV Opertaion Private 2010-2011 1734.8 48.8 761.00 925.00 2015-2016 2326.00 50.00 1086.00 1190.00 2020-2021 2761.00 50.00 1406.00 1305.00 2025-2026 4593.00 55.00 3218.00 1320.00 2030-2031 5654.00 55.00 4264.00 1335.00 Source: Energy Planning Department (EPD). Ministry of Energy
  58. 58. Activities on Energy Efficiency
  59. 59. Objective/Target  To advance energy security, energy efficiency and conservation are important objectives of Myanmar’s energy policy.  In line with ASEAN’s target, the government aims to save 5% of the total primary energy consumption by 2020 and 8% by 2030, compared to the base year 2005.
  60. 60. Limitations  There is no legal and regulatory framework for energy efficiency, no statistical data and no dedicated dept or organization at the national level in the past.   Ministry of Energy (MOE) is the focal point for energy sector coordination Research and Development Center under the Ministry of Industry (MOI) addresses energy efficiency.  Consequently, Myanmar lacks a consolidated plan for energy efficiency.  Now, NEMC and EDC are taking the role in Energy development and Energy efficiency at the national level.
  61. 61. Steps toward Energy Efficiency  Capacity building, Training  Policy and guide lines  Dedicated Dept/Agency for EE  Information on Energy use  Energy Management practice  Technology advancement
  62. 62. Some EE activities  MOE, MOI, and the Myanmar Engineering Society undertake a number of activities related to energy efficiency activities, including seminars and workshops for capacity building and participation in the ASEAN Energy Award Program and ASEAN Energy Manager Accreditation Scheme.  Other initiatives have been construction of an energy-efficient urea fertilizer plant at Kyawzwa and a start in replacing privately-owned vehicles 40 years old or more.  Under the Ayeyarwaddy-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy, Myanmar cooperates with the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency of Thailand concerning energy statistics, promotion of energy efficiency in rural villages,38 and training in energy auditing.
  63. 63. Energy Promotion for Rural Village Improved cook stoves: more efficient than traditional ones Fuel sticks and briquettes: made from rice husks, sawdust and charcoal dust Control Fuel Wood Consumption
  64. 64. TOTAL PRIMARY ENERGY SUPPLY BY TYPE (2010) CO &PP Natural Gas Coal Hydro Biomass
  65. 65. Energy Efficient Stoves
  66. 66. ACMECS Project Myanmar Vietnam Energy Promotion for Rural Village in Myanmar Project (Sukalat Village, Kungyangon Tsp,)
  67. 67. A team of the Thai delegates from Silpakorn University, and Chiang Mai University) visited Su Kalat Village, Kungyangon Tsp, Myanmar and held a meeting, seminar & exhibition, demonstration on an alternative energy technology and energy efficiency at Sukalat Village, and MRTV-4 recorded the activities and it was shown several times in national TV. - Distributed the energy efficiency stoves (300 Nos.) to the villagers. - Three public seminars was conducted and attended by more than 300 persons.
  68. 68. ASEAN Energy Awards Received by Myanmar
  69. 69. EE projects
  70. 70. Conclusion  Eager demand for energy  Has limitations  Best time for Myanmar to learn and implement Energy Efficiency practice widely  Expecting MECON research outcomes will provide a lot of important info for the EE policy implementations
  71. 71. Myanmar Engineering Society Hlaing Universities’ Campus, Hlaing Township , Yangon Myanmar Tel: + 951 519673 ~ 76 Fax: + 951 519681 Web site: Email: