Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Introduction session 1 - Laos

307

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
307
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.  Dr Faculty of Engineering, National University of Laos (FE/NUOL) Introduction to NUOL and energy efficiency policy in Lao PDR By Dr. Khamphone Nanthavong Faculty of Engineering, NUOL
  • 2. About NUOL Mission  NUOL is a leading higher education institution in Lao PDR, to Develop qualified human resources to meet National Socioeconomic Development needs, as well as regional-international integration
  • 3. About NUOL Back ground    NUOL was founded in 1996, merged almost all higher education institutions in Vientiane capital NUOL now comprises 11 faculties, 2 research institutes, 5 Centers, 10 Offices, 1 Central Library and 1 School for Talented and ethnic Student Faculty of Engineering is among the largest faculties of NUOL, with 8 Departments and 1 Center
  • 4. About NUOL   Teaching (general)  NUOL offers Ph.D.(3), M.Sc.(33), B.Sc(96) and Some Associate degrees (higher diploma) programs Teaching (energy efficiency)  Energy issues have been taught at several Faculties  Some components of Energy Efficiency have been included into curriculums of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering  Faculty’s staffs actively participated EE projects (ACMECS, PROMEEC)
  • 5. About NUOL  Research (general)  all staffs are encouraged to do scientific research  Research activities are among the compulsory requirements for academic title award and promotion  Research (energy efficiency): Electricity consumption in Public building (survey, ADB, 2011)  Household electricity consumption (survey, JICA, 2012-13)  Drafting EE&C policy and Strategy of Lao PDR (ADB) 
  • 6. About NUOL  Staff (2012) Categories NUOL FE Total staffs number 1862 291 Teaching staffs 1547 244 Ph.D. Holders 96 19 M.Sc. Holders 618 125 7 3 165 26 31,146 5,005 Prof. Assoc Prof. Students (2012)
  • 7. About NUOL  Staff working on MECON project: • project team and responsibilities per task Name Responsibility Prof. Dr. Khamphone NANTHAVONG, team leader, Assoc. Prof. Sengratry KYTHAVONE, Researcher Dr. Kinnaleth VONGCHANH Researcher • To involve some young staffs in to data survey contact person: Assoc. Prof. Khampeuy XAYAVONG, Assistant DEAN for Research and Academic service 
  • 8. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  Current energy situation in Lao PDR Description Total energy demand (2010) Energy demand growth (MEM forecast) 2.5 MTOE 4% Electrification rate (2011), HH 78.5% Electricity generation (2011), GWh 12,851 Electricity Consumption (2011), GWh 2,339 Electricity Import (2011), GWh 1,207 Electricity demand growth (EDL forecast) Petroleum products import (2011), litters (Diesel-74%, Gasoline-22%) 13% ~ 750,000,000
  • 9. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  Final consumption (MEM, 2010)
  • 10. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  Primary energy demand (MEM, 2010) Primary energy demand, KTOE (MEM, 2010) Oil 18.62% Coal 9.37% Biomass 50.80% Hydro Electricity 21.21%
  • 11. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  By sector final energy demand (MEM, 2010) Final Energy demand, KTOE (MEM, 2010) Commercial, 14.23% Agriculture 0.89% Transportation 21.97% Industry 8.56% Residential 54.34%
  • 12. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR Electricity sector Electricity Production and Distribution, GWh (Source: MEM 2010) 20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 Generation Domestic sale Export Import 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 
  • 13. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  By sector Electricity consumption (EDL, 2011) Industry 24.34% Residential 41.85% Intl Organization s 0.39% Irrigation 1.92% Gov.office 6.21% Entertainme nt. 0.32% Commercial 24.95%
  • 14. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  Lao government energy efficiency targets for the long term:  To reduce Final energy demand by 10% by 2030, (commitment of Lao PDR at EMM5)  To reduce annual final energy demand growth from 4% to 3% by 2030 (drafting policy)  To achieve 30% share of RE by 2025;
  • 15. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  Energy efficiency policies of Lao PDR  Under drafting: National Energy Efficiency and Energy Conservation Strategy of Lao PDR (Financial support by ADB)  Drafting action plans (short term):  Capacity building  Base line energy data collection  Kick-start measures (promotional campaigns, pilot projects)
  • 16. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR  State of affairs energy efficiency in Lao PDR (best practice, pilot projects)        PROMEEC (JAPAN+ASEAN): EE&C directory and database DSM/EE: pilot project (EDL+WB) ACMECS (Lao PDR + Thailand): training on EE&C ADB: drafting EE strategy and action plan Lao Cleaner Production Center(MIC): Promotion on awareness waste minimization and energy efficiency in SMEs sector Lao Brewery Company Limited: CDM Project “Improvement Energy Efficiency in Energy Utilities Equipment” started 2006 Ongoing work in energy efficiency for low income households?  Replacement of 500,000 inefficient Fluorescent tubes by CFL (DSM/EE project, Free of charges)
  • 17. About energy efficiency in Lao PDR in relation to MECON project         Absence of National EE&C promotion policy/strategy Unclear and underdeveloped institutional framework for EE/C. No taxation system in favor of introduction EE/C measures Insufficient data on residential energy consumption by endusers groups Almost all households technologies are imported: Lack of standards and labeling, Energy labels are not yet applicable for household technology Energy efficiency awareness campaigns: dissemination of EE knowledge (by DSM/EE project) through mass media, distritution of brochures/posters/stickers Estimate of current knowledge about EE amongst low income households: lack of knowledge about EE (including the emerging consumers)
  • 18. About MECON project  Expectations MECON project results Better knowledge on energy consumption, in particular for new emerging groups  Essential information for energy planning   Who are local stakeholders (government, private sector, finance sector) Ministry of Energy and Mines  State enterprises (EDL, Water supply utility, )  Private sector: cement industry, Garment factories, Brewery and food processing industries, Cottage industries, Hotels, Commercial buildings,  Finance sector: commercial banks? 
  • 19. Final remarks  Any other remarks  MECON will be an excellent support to drafting EE policy/strategy/action plans of Lao PDR  NUOL staffs will develop their research skills through MECON  Important step forward regional networking cooperation and integration in scientific research

×