Introduction session 1 - Cambodia
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Introduction session 1 - Cambodia Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to RUA and RE/EE Situation in Cambodia Prof. Dr. Sok Kunthy Vice Rector Royal University of Agriculture (RUA), Phnom Penh, Cambodia Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2. About RUA - History  RUA established in 1964 and supported by French Government to provide higher education in Agriculture (Royal University of Agronomy Science);  It was renamed as the Royal University of Agriculture (RUA) in 1994 and the university was firstly declare as a public administration institution On 27th December 1999. Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 3. About RUA - Mission  Mission  To offer quality education and training programs to students and staff in rural and agricultural fields with high academic standards, morality and creativity in line with national development needs.  To conduct rural and agricultural research themes in close cooperation with local and international research institutes and industrial companies; and  To create an information center for disseminating agricultural sciences and Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targetingto farm communities. “New Modern CONsumers” The technology Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27inJune Greater Mekong 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 4. About RUA - Teaching and Research (general)  Teaching and Research (general) in related field of: 1. Agronomy Science 2. Animal Science 3. Forestry Science 4. Fisheries 5. Agricultural Economics and Rural Dev. 6. Agro-Industry 7. Land Management and Land Administration 8. Agricultural Engineering Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy 9. Veterinary“New Modern CONsumers” in The Implementation Targeting Medicine Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, 10. Rubber Science Bangkok, Thailand
  • 5. About RUA – Teaching (Energy efficiency)  Teaching (energy efficiency)   Master of NRM “Natural Resources Management”  Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation  GIS and Remote Sensing Faculty of Engineering o o o o  Electric Power System, Agricultural Waste Management Farm Power, Renewable Energy, Agricultural Machinery Management Global Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment Mechanization for Water Resources Development Faculty of Forestry o o o Wood Energy and supply Watershed and water energy Biomass Bsc. of AERD  Adaptation to Climate Change Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy  Economics of Climate Changein The Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers”  Payment for Environmental Services Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June  2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 6. About RUA – Research (Energy efficiency)  Research (energy efficiency) o Wood Biomass o Cooking efficiency o Wood energy supply and o Charcoal production supplies o Biomass, Solar energy, Solar Dryers, o Bio-char, Rural energy supply. Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 7. About RUA – Research and Project Implementation  GS - Center for Agricultural and Environmental Studies GS - Building Capacity of Institutions to Help farmers Better Adapt to Climate Change and Variability in Cambodia (BuildFarm-Adapt)  Objectives:   Increasing awareness of climate risks management among Provincial Departments of Agriculture, MAFF, and other interested stakeholders.  Develop educational outreach materials and demonstration trials to increase farmer awareness of the need for, and benefit of, adaptation strategies.  Determine trends in climate variability based on weather data, through cooperation with the Department of Meteorology.  Establishment of benchmark information on the likely effects of climate change on agricultural sectors within Cambodia. Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The  Synthesis of the lessons derived from results of the project in terms Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June of farm-level adjustment guidelines and information dissemination 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 8. About RUA – Project Implementation, (Cont.)  GS - Strategy and Implementation Roles of researchers and extension educators in context of climate change.  Objectives:   Collect information on current state of knowledge of rural farming communities that needs and uses new information relevant to climate change information and agricultural technologies. Assess existing implementation mechanism for facilitating communication and information flows between researchers and extension educator. Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 9. About RUA – Project Implementation, (Cont.)  ATM - Scientific capacity development of trainers and policymakers for climate change adaptation planning in the Asia and Pacific.  Objectives:     To undertake appraisal of training needs in terms of knowledge and skill areas for effective adaptation To design training modules for imparting knowledge and skills for effective adaptation To implement training programs for trainers in the key faculty of training institutions and for key policy-makers in the region, To assess the impact of the project activities and provide a policy feedback to the countries involved. Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 10. About RUA – Other Activities Done - FoF  Steering Committee of UNDP/GEF: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.  Climate Change Adaptation Climate Change and Mitigation Fast growing plant development for making energy Cook stove improvement for wood-fire saving, Tree planting around household and public land etc. Board Member: 1. 2. 3. Solar Energy enterprise; Carbon stock association and Network Agroforestry for Livelihood and Environmental Service Practical Manual. Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 11. About RUA - Staff  Staff: Total = 139 (W=31)  Instructor = 106 (W=18)  Support Staff = 27 (W=8)  PhD MSc Diploma Other 8% 23% Worker = 6 (W=5) Bsc 35% 12% 22% Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 12. About RUA – Project Team  Staff working on MECON project:  project 1. 2. 3. 4. team and responsibilities per task: Prof. Dr. Sok Kunthy - Project Leader Ass. Prof. Von Monin - Researcher Mr. Ek Sopheap - Researcher Mr. San Vibol - Assistant to Project Leader & Researcher  Contact person:  Prof. Dr. Sok Kunthy Vice Rector Royal University of Agriculture (RUA), Phnom Penh, Cambodia Mobile: (855-12) 831 243 E-mail: s_kunthy2005@yahoo.com Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 13. About energy efficiency in Cambodia  Current energy situation Cambodia (Genaration of electricity)  More in than 95% of electric power generation is from diesel power plant.  13 fuel power plants generate electricity to provinces (Sihanouk, Siem Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Reap, Takeo, Kampot, BMC, Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 14. About EE in Cambodia - Power Generation by Sources 2007 Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 15. About EE in Cambodia  Current energy situation in Cambodia (Energy import/export)  Electric power import from Thailand to BMC, Siem Reap, BTB)  Electric power import from Vietnam to Kg. Cham, Svay Reang, Kampot, Kandal, Kratie) Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 16. About EE in Cambodia - MV Interconnection from Neighboring Countries O SMACH 2MW O CHUM 1MW PROJECT 5.6MW SAMPEOY LOUN 1MW PHNOM PREK 1MW KAMRIENG 1MW PAILIN 2.5MW PONHEA KREK 22kV KIRIROM 12MW MEMOT 22kV LEGEND International Boundary KOH KONG 2MW BAVET 15kV River Capital City Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand Provincial Town District Town
  • 17. About EE in Cambodia - Current energy situation in Cambodia (Peak Demand (EDC)) In 2007, Peak demand supplied by the Phnom Penh system was 188.1 MW. Peak demand forecast was 205.8 MW Cambodia’s total energy consumption is projected to grow at an average annual rate ofon Effective Energy for the Policy 5.2 per cent Efficiency period 2009 to 2035. Kick-off Meeting Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 18. About EE in Cambodia  Cambodia government energy efficiency targets for the long term.  Cambodia is situated in the Lower Mekong region, with total population of 14.3 million and growth rate is 1.54 (NIS, 2012),  84% of population in rural areas lacking of electricity and 16.41% of total households have access to electricity,  National strategy by 2020, all villages will be able to access electricity. (Source: EAC 2008) Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 19. About EE in Cambodia  LO WER SESAN III 375 UPPER SESAN IV IV  PREAH VIHEAR LO WER SESANII 207 STUNG STRENG BANTEY MEAN CHEY RATNAKIRI LO WER SESAN I . LO WER SRE PO K II 222 LO WER SRE PO K III 330 SIEM REAP STUNG TRENG LO WER SREPO K IV 235   BATTAMBANG BATTAMBANG I 24 KOMPONG THOM SAMBO R 467  PURSAT MONDULKIRI KRATIE BATTAMBANG II 36 KOMPONG CHHNANG STUNG ATAY 110 UPPER,MIDDLE AND LO VER STUNG RUSSEI CHRUM 302 To Ta Dinh LEGEND STUNG TATAY LO WER STUNG RUSSEI CHRUM  KOMPONG CHAM RIVER STUNG CHAY ARENG 125 HYDROPOWER PROJECT KOH KONG PHNOM PENH TAKHMAU KIRIRO M PLATEAU ( KIRIRO M III 13 ) PREY VENG SVAY RIENG TAKEO KAMCHAY 127 BO KO R PLATEAU  CAPITAL , TOWN KOMPONG SPEU Koh Kong KIRIRO M I 12 PROVINCIAL CITY TRANSMISSION LINE 115kV (2004) TRANSMISSION LINE 220kV (2004) PORPOSAL TRANSMISSION LINE 115kV  PORPOSAL TRANSMISSION LINE 220kV KAMPOT SIHANOUK VILL PROPOSAL TRANSMISSION LINE 500kV Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand  5 huge Hydro dam projects Gas Generation at Kompong Soam Energy Strategy New diesel generation in 8 regional centres Extra generation in Phnom Penh Extra generation for Siem Reap Import power from Vietnam Import power from Thailand ASEAN Grid and backbone grid
  • 20. About EE in Cambodia - Power Sector Development Policy     Providing an adequate supply of electricity throughout at reasonable and affordable price, Ensuring reliability and secure electricity supply which facilitate investment in Cambodia and development of the national economy, Encouraging exploration and environmentally and socially acceptable of energy resources needed for supply all sectors of the Cambodian economy, Encouraging efficient use of energy and to minimize environmental effects resulting from energy supply Effective use.Efficiency Policy Kick-off Meeting on and Energy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 21. About EE in Cambodia - State of affairs and Ongoing work in energy efficiency in Cambodia Development of an energy Efficiency Policy, Strategy and Action Plan by EUEI-PDF , and  Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects by UNIDO,  Power Sector Program’ by JICA,  Energy Saving in the Rice Mill Sector by Angkor BIO Cogen.…Policy Kick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiency Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The  Improved Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June Program Stove by Greater Mekong Cook  2013, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 22. About EE in Cambodia - Improved Cook Stove Program by GERES Cambodia (Best practice, pilot projects for low income households)  NEW LAV STOVE (NLS): An improved cook stove for improved lives  35,000 NLS produced/month in 42 production centers  2,000,000 sold (May 2003 - December 2012)  1 NLS costs US$ 3.50 to US$ 5.00  249 members of the association of producers & distributors of NLS (ICOPRODAC)  1,464,625 tons of CO2eq saved (certified, 2003-2011) (ang) Lav Stove New Lav Stove Kick-off MeetingKg. Chhnang Energy Efficiency Policy (ang) Lav on Effective Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand Neang Kongrey Stove
  • 23. About EE in Cambodia - Overwhelming success of Improved Cook Stoves in Cambodia Monthly sales 14000 13661 (May'03 - Sept'06) Model: New Lao Stove 12000 10000 7151 8000 6000 2747 1528 4000 1441 2000 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 Kick-off Meeting on 13 15 Energy Efficiency Policy Effective 17 19 21 23 25 27 Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June 2013, Bangkok, Thailand 29 31 33 35 37 39
  • 24. Final remarks  1. Any other remarks: Cambodia’s energy sector has a crucial role to play in the country’s continued development. However the current situation in Cambodia with respect to energy costs, service provision, sustainability and security may prove to be a barrier to development. 2. Cambodia has no proven fossil fuel reserves, and is almost completely dependent on fully-imported diesel fuel for electricity production and other power applications. The impacts of this are widespread and appear to hinder development in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. 3. Since about 80-85% of the total population lives in the rural areas, the government of Cambodia is placing great emphasis on theKick-off Meeting on Effective Energy Efficiencyresources (renewable development of local energy Policy Implementation Targeting “New Modern CONsumers” in The energy sources) to raise the living standard of the rural Greater Mekong Sub-Region (MECON), 26-27 June population. 2013, Bangkok, Thailand