Technical Seminar PPT

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Technical Seminar PPT

  1. 1. FINAL YEAR TECHNICAL SEMINAR Academic Year 2012-2013 Department of Computer EngineeringPOORNIMA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY,3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM JAIPUR 1
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction to Research Area  Introduction to Research Topic  Features  Applications  Comparison Table of Research Papers3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 2
  3. 3. Cont…  Description of Comparison table  Conclusion of the above comparison  Presentation of review paper  References3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 3
  4. 4. RESEARCH AREA High Performance & Computation3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 4
  5. 5. As the Name suggests, it is the Computation at a high Rate & Performance ! Allows scientists and engineers to solve complex science, engineering and business problems using applications that require high bandwidth and very high compute capabilities.3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 5
  6. 6. TOPIC QUANTUM COMPUTING3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 6
  7. 7. What does Quantummeans?In Physics, a quantum (plural: quanta)is the minimum amount of any physicalentity involved in an interaction.3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 7
  8. 8. Example:A photon is a single quantum oflight, and is referred to as a"light quantum". The energy ofan electron bound to anatom (at rest) is said to bequantized, which results in thestability of atoms, and of matterin general.3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 8
  9. 9. FEATURESObeys Laws of Fundamental Quantum Unit: Qubit Mechanics Features Very Fast Encryption Computation3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 9
  10. 10. What is Qubit? Quantum Quaternary Bit in nature QUBIT States: Logical 0, Represents Logical 1 & Probability of superposition of each state these3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 10
  11. 11. APPLICATIONS ArtificialCryptography Intelligence APPS Quantum Teleportation communication3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 11
  12. 12. Comparison Table of Research PapersS.No Item Is the item Is the item Is the item present in present in present in Paper A? Paper B? Paper C? Y/N? If Yes, note Y/N? If Yes, note Y/N? If Yes, note where in the where in the where in the paper it is located. paper it is located paper it is located1 The problem being addressed Y (Obstacles & Y (Some Probs in Y (Introduction) by the paper Research) Production of QC)2 The importance of the Y (Obstacles & Y (Some Probs in N problem Research) Production of QC)3 Prior work that has been done Y (Obstacles & Y (Some Probs in N to solve the problem Research) Production of QC)4 Gaps in the prior work N N N5 Specific research questions or Y (Potential & N Y (Introduction) research objective Power of QC)6 Broad outline of how the Y (Obstacles & Y (Some Probs in Y (Recent Results) authors solved the problem Research) Production of QC) 3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 12
  13. 13. Cont…S.No Item Is the item present Is the item Is the item present in Paper-A? present in Paper- in Paper-C? Y/N? If Yes, note B? Y/N? If Yes, note where in the Y/N? If Yes, note where in the paper it is located. where in the paper it is located. paper it is located.7 Educational theories on which Y (Obstacles & Y (Some Probs in Y (Recent Results) authors’ solution is based Research) Production of QC)8 Details of implementation of N N Y (HPQC) Procedure9 Evaluation of the authors’ N N N solution of the problem10 Connection of the results to Y (Future Outlook) N N the research questions11 Key contribution of the paper N N Y claimed by the authors (Acknowledgments) 3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 13
  14. 14. Description of each point of Comparison table for all three papers.3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 14
  15. 15. 1. The Problem being addressed by Paper  Paper A: “…Among these difficulties, error correction, decoherence and hardware architecture are probably the most formidable.”  Paper B: Decoherence and hardware.  Paper C: “We are STILL striving towards developing a large scale, quantum computer.”3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 15
  16. 16. 2. The Importance of the Problem Paper A: “A few potentially large obstacles still remain that prevent us from building a quantum computer.” Paper B: “…These problems are the major obstacles in the production of QC”. Paper C: N/A3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 16
  17. 17. 3. Prior work that has been done to solve the problem Paper A: “Thanks to the theory (and now reality) of quantum error correction, first proposed in 1995 and continually developed since, small scale quantum computers have been built and the prospects of large quantum computers are looking up.” Paper B: N/A Paper C: N/A3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 17
  18. 18. 4. Gaps in the prior work Paper A: N/A Paper B: N/A Paper C: N/A3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 18
  19. 19. 5. Specific research questions and research objectives Paper A: “…a classical computer would be able to do anything a quantum computer can. So why bother with quantum computers?” Paper B: N/A Paper C: To make a fully functional quantum computer.3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 19
  20. 20. 6. Broad outline of how the authors try to solve the Problem Partially Paper A: Through the use of certain experiments. Paper B: “But if one makes a quantum computer, where the number of errors is low enough, than it is possible to use an error-correcting code for preventing data losses even when qubits in the computer decohere.” Paper C: “In order to make quantum computers powerful, many operations must be performed before quantum coherence is lost.”3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 20
  21. 21. 7. Educational theories on which author’s solution is based Paper A: NMR techniques. Paper B: “Some other designs are based on ion trap and quantum electrodynamics (QED)...” Paper C: Error correcting codes.3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 21
  22. 22. 8. Details of implementation of procedure Paper A: N/A Paper B: N/A Paper C: Shor’s Algorithm3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 22
  23. 23. 9. Evaluation of the author’s solution of the problem Paper A: N/A Paper B: N/A Paper C: N/A3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 23
  24. 24. 10. Connection of the results to the research questions Paper A: “…quantum computers will emerge as the superior computational devices at the very least, and perhaps one day make todays modern computer obsolete.” Paper B: N/A Paper C: N/A3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 24
  25. 25. 11. Key Contribution of the paper claimed by the authors Paper A: N/A Paper B: N/A Paper C: “The authors dedicate this paper to Nabil Amer and to the memory of Roger Koch.”3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 25
  26. 26. Conclusion of the above comparison a) ‘Paper A’ does a better job of analyzing prior work to solve the problem. As it is able to provide the solutions for developing partially functional quantum computers (2-3 qubit QCs). b) ‘Paper C’ is better in terms of describing procedure. As it describes certain algorithms. c) ‘Paper A’ achieves its stated objective more convincingly. As it uses experimental results rather than theoretical aspects to resolve the problem.3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 26
  27. 27. Presentation of Review Paper3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 27
  28. 28. References iopscience.iop.org www.cs.rice.edu aws.amazon.com www.ewh.ieee.org arxiv.org herpolhode.com3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 28
  29. 29. 3/31/2013 1:11:48 AM 29
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