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E-books – between publishers and library needs

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The need for electronic books in libraries is growing as both librarians and library patrons increasingly appreciate their advantages. E-book publishers have become aware of this need, and started …

The need for electronic books in libraries is growing as both librarians and library patrons increasingly appreciate their advantages. E-book publishers have become aware of this need, and started targeting libraries and even developing new products to suit them. But to what extent do publishers fulfil library needs? Is the current variety of models satisfying or confusing for libraries and their users?

This presentation will discuss some of the issues, including digital rights management, and impact on collection management and inter-library loan.

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • Digital media introduces as many challenges as it does opportunities. Some of the critical moments related to e-book publishing and how libraries solve them
  • Multiple formats for numerous devices Content is not accessible across all devicesGap between usability and functionality
  • clash between global and local - so often seen in the modern world
  • Digital lending is proving problematic for libraries with some publishers reluctant to offer their titles for elending
  • Ask audiencesubscription (e.g. ebrary) – ~80%single purchase (e.g. EBSCOhost)combination of these two (e.g. Safari)patron driven acquisition (e.g. EBL)
  • Ask audience
  • DDA vs. subscription, from Springer meeting60-75% of e-books used at least once
  • Transcript

    • 1. E-books –between publishers and library needs Ksenija Mincic-Obradovic Cataloguing Manager k.obradovic@auckland.ac.nz NZLLA Symposium 6 September 2012
    • 2. This presentation• E-book formats and standards• Impact of e-books on library services – Purchase models – Bibliographic records – Communication from vendors/publishers – Monitoring e-book usage – Preserving access to paid and free material
    • 3. What is an e-book?A monograph available in electronic format
    • 4. 29E-book Formats http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_e-book_formats
    • 5. E-book ReadersDesktop Mobile Phone Stand-alone Reading Device Available via link, or downloaded
    • 6. If you are confused, remember youare not the only one confused.
    • 7. http://assets.bizjournals.com/cms_media/images/ebookuniversel.png?site=techflash.com
    • 8. 2011 Aptara e-book publishers surveyAvailable from http://www.aptaracorp.com/resources/
    • 9. 2011 Aptara e-book publishers surveyAvailable from http://www.aptaracorp.com/resources/
    • 10. Explore the options and limitationsto know what devices to match withwhat content.
    • 11. The face of publishing is changing• Continuous increase in: – e-book production – eFirst – Publishing On Demand• From 2012 most publishers sell more e-books than print books (Amazon, Springer, Barnes & Noble…)
    • 12. Who are e-book publishers?• Commercial publishers• Non-commercial publishers (e.g. governments)• Individuals• Aggregators• Google Books• Libraries• …
    • 13. Critical elements in e-book publishing • Copyright - access to e-books is global, while copyright laws vary from country to country. • DRM (Digital Rights Management) - E-book publishers exercise varying degrees of control over access, sharing and lending of intellectual property.
    • 14. A few more problems …• Vendors/publishers do not advise on ceased or superseded titles• No communication between publishers of free books and libraries• Some publishers/providers do not see libraries as customers at all• Message about what libraries need varies too
    • 15. It is not realistic and not appropriateto expect print and e-books to bethe same.
    • 16. Influence on libraries• Huge number of e-book licencing models• Interlibrary loan is not normallyallowed• Printing, downloading and copying and pasting activities are limited
    • 17. Business models and acquisition methods • Collections offered by vendors/publishers via various platforms: – subscription (e.g. ebrary) – ~80% – single purchase (e.g. EBSCOhost) – combination of these two (e.g. Safari) – patron driven acquisition (e.g. EBL) • Individual books from publishers • Free e-monographs (e.g. Law Commission publications, Project Gutenberg)
    • 18. DiscoveryLibrary catalogues Publishers/vendor databases• Searching all library • Full text searches material, print and eletronic monographs
    • 19. Access to the three mostPatron preferred access in the ebrary’s popular e-book collections atGlobal eBook Survey (2007)http://www.ebrary.com/corp/collateral/en/Survey/ebrary_eBook the University of Auckland_survey_2007.pdf Library in 2009
    • 20. “The e-book is only as good as its metadata.” Wouter van der Velde Springer ANZ Summit 30-31 August 2012
    • 21. SpringerLink usage at UoAYear Titles Section requests Titles with usage2007 34532 11834 25642008 34532 51375 63152009 37037 75011 8842
    • 22. Unfortunately …• Libraries have bibliographic records for 72.5% of their e-books (Library use of ebooks, 2011 edition)• Not all vendors and publishers provide records• Quality of bibliographic records varies significantly• Updates of records are not timely
    • 23. Internet access or Downloading?• 24/7 access • Limited period of time• Requires internet access • Issues with format/standard• Full text searches across compatibility whole database • Portable• Additional features: • Users love their e-book dictionaries, links to other reading devices resources, YouTube, Wikiped • Not all publishers/vendors ia… allow downloading • E-readers are fragile and too expensive
    • 24. Make sure your users knowwhat you have available forthem and how to use it.
    • 25. Usage Statistics• We need them to be able to make informed decisions (e.g. opt for subscription or DDA; review an agreement)• Provided only by some vendors/publishers, and in various ways
    • 26. Permanent access• Persistent URLs (particularly big problem with free e- books)• Preservation (LOCKSS, CLOCKSS) Controlled LOCKSS Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe
    • 27. Areas for improvement• More standardisation (purchase models, formats, ways of access, statistics)• High quality metadata for discovering e- books• Collaboration - vendors, publishers, LIS developers, libraries should work closely together and further explore best practices, workflows, and business models
    • 28. Are e-books worth it? Cons Proshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQHX-SjgQvQ
    • 29. Thank youk.obradovic@auckland.ac.nz