Krystol Magazine 16.1


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Krystol Magazine 16.1

  1. 1. Volume 16 | Issue 1 KRYSTOL ® THE CONCRETE WATERPROOFING MAGAZINE Feature Story: Housing Tianjin’s Fortune 500 Companies PLUS: Industry Associations CEO Column Spotlight on Central & South America
  2. 2. ONLY KRYTON SELF-SEALS HAIRLINE CRACKS AND KEEPS CONCRETE WATERTIGHT FOR THE LIFETIME OF YOUR STRUCTURE. As an engineer, you need a comprehensive system that delivers superior waterproofing both today and tomorrow. Our crystalline technology has been proven by independent laboratory testing and by decades of performance in the field. We’ve achieved industry certifications such as CE and NSF. And offer unmatched technical support, 24/7. Kryton takes the risk out of concrete waterproofing. +1.604.324.8280
  3. 3. 6 Housing Tianjin’s Fortune 500 Companies 4 6 top 5 industry associations ask a kryton expert Water-Cement Ratio 9 10 Contributors: Jeff Bowman Kari Yuers Kevin Yuers FEATURE ARTICLE Fujian Mansion, China 8 Editor: Jillian Turner Art Director: Yvonne Lee CEO COLUMN building tall buildings: How tall can they get? 12 Copyright ©2013 Kryton International Inc. All rights reserved. 40th anniversary 14 For information about this publication, email or call 1.800.267.8280 or +1.604.324.8280 Kryton News 13 Krystol® Magazine is printed by Kryton International Inc. 1645 East Kent Avenue Vancouver, BC, V5P 2S8 Canada Regional Spotlight on central & south america Krystol® Magazine Volume 16 | Issue 1 3
  4. 4. TOP FIVE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS Industry organizations are a great way to keep on top of changing issues, trends and legislation; they also provide networking, education and training opportunities, as well as offer the opportunity to promote your business. The Kryton team plays an active role in the industry. Many of our employees are members of local and national concrete organizations, working to foster the growth of concrete standards and research as well as the integral waterproofing market. Here are five important industry associations that you should consider joining. American Concrete Institute (ACI) ACI is a non-profit, technical organization founded in 1904 and devoted to all matters related to concrete. ACI’s extensive documentation, seminars and 4 educational programs have made them the go-to resource for the industry. ACI’s mission is to “develop, share, and disseminate the knowledge and information needed to utilize concrete to its fullest potential.” ACI has chapters and student chapters throughout the world in over 120 countries with nearly 20,000 members. Kryton President & CEO, Kari Yuers has been an active member of ACI for many years and currently sits as the Chair of the International Advisory Committee. @ConcreteACI AmericanConcreteInstitute americanconcreteinst
  5. 5. American Shotcrete Association (ASA) Their global membership includes engineers, distributors, owners and other professionals interested in prolonging the useful life of concrete through quality repair, restoration and protection. National Ready Mixed Concrete Association (NRMCA) The ASA was founded in 1998 with the mission to “encourage and promote the safe and beneficial use of the shotcrete process.” ASA increases the awareness of shotcrete through their magazine, education committees, certification programs and various events. ASA is a national organization comprised of contractors, suppliers, manufacturers, designers, engineers, owners and others. International-Concrete-RepairInstitute-ICRI Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) The ASA recently awarded their Outstanding Project of the Year for Infrastructure to the VanDusen Botanical Gardens new visitor center project in Vancouver, BC (a Kryton project). Kryton is a corporate member of the American Shotcrete Association. AmericanShotcreteAssociation International Concrete Repair Institute (ICRI) ICRI was founded in 1988 to address the industry frustration over a lack of standards and guidelines for concrete repair. ICRI charges itself “to be a leading resource for education and information to improve the quality of repair, restoration, and protection of concrete and other structures in accordance with consensus criteria.” CSI was founded in 1948 with a goal of improving the quality of construction specifications. Since then the institute has grown to 13,000 volunteers working to provide education, certification, standards and formats. CSI’s mission is “to advance building information management and education of project teams to improve facility performance.” CSI is an American association with over 140 chapters; the Canadian equivalent to the CSI is Construction Specifications Canada (CSC), for more information on them visit @CSIConstruction NRMCA is an American national association founded in 1930 and since then has worked “to provide exceptional value for our members by responsibly representing and serving the entire ready mixed concrete industry through leadership, promotion, education and partnering to ensure ready mixed concrete is the building material of choice.” NRMCA members include ready-mix producers and those who sell goods and services to the industry. NRMCA members work on a variety of committees including government affairs, environment, safety, standards and promotion. The CRMCA – Canadian Ready Mixed Concrete Association partners with the NRMCA and various other national and international organizations. More information on the CRMCA can be accessed at: @nrmca nrmca NRMCA CSIConstruction CSIConstruction Krystol® Magazine Volume 16 | Issue 1 5
  6. 6. Thanks to Kryton’s concrete repair products the two levels of below grade parking are dusty dry for the building’s high-end occupants. HOUSING TIANJIN’S Fortune 500 Companies HEDONG DISTRICT, TIANJIN, CHINA | COMPLETED 2010 Tianjin is a major city in the north of China. In terms of urban population Tianjin is the fourth largest city in China after Shanghai, Beijing and Hong Kong. The city is a hot bed of advanced industry and financial activity with over 250 Fortune 500 companies with office space there. In order to accommodate the growing economy, developer Tianjin Central Asia Real Estate Development Company Limited brought together a dream team to construct a new 28-story office tower. The building was designed by the Tianjin Architecture Design Institute, part of the Tianjin TiFen Industrial Park Investment (Group) known for their dedication to high quality properties. The China Railway Construction Group (CRCC) was brought on board as the contractor. The CRCC is the world’s sixth largest construction contractor and has worked 6 on high profile projects such as the 1.8 billion USD contract for part of the metro in Mecca, Saudi Arabia as well CRCC recently won the bid to build the new football stadium for F.C. Internazionale Milano in Italy valued at 325 million USD. Initially the CRCC did not use any concrete waterproofing during construction of the building. The construction team quickly experienced water ingress of up to a meter deep in the second floor of the parking. The contractor brought in more than ten different waterproofing companies to repair and waterproof the below grade areas, but each time it failed and water again entered the parking area. Frustrated, the contractor tried one more company –Tianjin Hongba Waterproofing Material Co. Ltd, the local Kryton distributor. Hongba Waterproofing was able to successfully repair the area and prevent further water ingress. Hongba Waterproofing recommended that CRCC use Kryton’s Krystol Crack Repair System for the project. Using integral crystalline waterproofing technology, Kryton’s system transforms cracked and leaking concrete into a permanent water-resistant barrier. When applied to cracks, joints and concrete surfaces, the proprietary Krystol technology reacts and grows millions of needle-shaped crystals. These unique crystals grow deep into the concrete to fill and block the capillary pores and micro-cracks and stop the migration of water through the concrete. Since the technology becomes an integral, permanent part of the concrete itself, its effectiveness as a waterproof barrier is not contingent on its ability to form and maintain a coating or membrane on the surface of the concrete. This means that it can never be punctured, damaged or worn away and will last the lifetime of the concrete.
  7. 7. The Krystol Crack Repair System consists of three products: rapid-setting Krystol Plug which stops any flowing water; the active integral crystalline product Krystol T1, which provides the permanent waterproofing; and a strong, waterproof, non-shrink grout called Krystol Bari-Cote to cap off and finish the repair. Tianjin Hongba used the Krystol Crack Repair System to repair the cracks in the walls and slabs in the two levels of below grade parking. They then used Krystol Bari-Cote to waterproof the joints in the below grade areas. the system. Krystol T2 provides a second dose of crystalline chemicals and serves to protect and fortify the initial application of T1 as the treatments penetrate the concrete. As the cementitious surface treatment cures, the chemicals are absorbed into the concrete creating a water tight structure. After that, damage or deterioration of the surface-applied slurry will not impact the system’s waterproofing abilities. Hongba Waterproofing coated the slabs and walls with Krystol T1 and Krystol T2. The application team also employed Kryton’s surface-applied cementitious slurry coat system – Krystol T1 & T2. This twostep, brush-applied system waterproofs and protects existing concrete by drawing crystalline chemicals into the structure that block passageways for water ingress. Krystol T1 contains a high concentration of crystalline chemicals and is the first coat of In total, 12 tons of Kryton concrete waterproofing products were used to waterproof the two levels of below grade parking, the elevator pit, electrical room and water reservoir. Since Hongba Waterproofing’s work, the below grade areas have remained dusty dry and the construction team has maintained their reputation for high quality construction. KRYTON IN CHINA The Fujian Mansion tower soars 28-stories in the heart of Tianjin’s lively business district. Vice-President, Kevin Yuers visiting with the Kryton China office. From R-L; Laixin Guo, Christine Zhou, Kevin Yuers, Helen Qiao, Tian Depang Kryton has had a presence in mainland China since the 80s. In 2001, Kryton opened their first office in Beijing and continues to expand their operations to serve their customers better with regional support embedded in the local market. • First sale to China (Hong Kong) in 1978 • Joint-venture partership in Shanghai in 1998 • Permanent office in Beijing in 2001 Visit for more information. Krystol® Magazine Volume 16 | Issue 1 7
  8. 8. ASK A KRYTON EXPERT INSIGHTS FROM THE LARGEST CONCRETE PERMEABILITY TESTING LABRATORY IN NORTH AMERICA. Drying shrinkage is one of the main factors that can cause concrete to crack. WATER - LESS IS MORE The water content of concrete is one of the most important but sometimes overlooked features of a concrete mix design. Water is needed to react with cement so the concrete can harden and gain strength, however only a portion of the water is needed for these reactions. The remainder of the water (about half) provides the slump, flow and overall “workability” so the concrete can be mixed and placed. After the concrete hardens, the “excess” water slowly evaporates. As the concrete dries out and loses water, it shrinks in a process known as “drying shrinkage.” This Water, lb/yd3 210 1400 250 290 340 380 420 460 Drying shrinkage, millionths 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 Water, kg/m3 Relationship between total water content and drying shinkage. Drying shrinkage increases with increasing water contents. (source: 8 shrinkage is one of the main factors that can cause concrete to crack. Using less water for a given amount of cement produces concrete that is stronger and less permeable. Many concrete mixes are designed around a particular water-cement ratio (w/c). A well proportioned concrete mix might have a w/c ratio of 0.40 (i.e. the weight of water used is half the weight of cement). You might assume that if the water-cement ratio is low, then the total amount of water must also be low. However, this is not always true. Even if the water-cement ratio is low, the total amount of water in the concrete can still be high. For example, consider a cubic meter of concrete with 400 kg of cement and a w/c of 0.40, for a total water content of 160 kg. Now compare this to a second mix with 300 kg of cement and the same water-cement ratio. For the second mix, the total water content will be only 120 kg. The difference in water content between these two mixes (40 kg) is significant. For the second mix, you could actually add a fair amount of water (and increase the water-cement ratio) and still have less total water than the first Jeff Bowman - Technical Manager, R&D mix. Having a higher water-cement ratio does not necessarily mean there is more water in the concrete. Keep in mind that the second mix is lower in cement content and therefore has less strength. Low strength is another factor that contributes to cracking. This is important because the amount that concrete shrinks is directly related to the total amount of water in the mix. More water means more shrinkage, which leads to more cracking. If you want your concrete to be watertight, you will want to use a mix design that keeps the total water content as low as possible. Ask Kryton your concrete related questions! Email:
  9. 9. CEO COLUMN KARI YUERS, PRESIDENT & CEO | KRYTON INTERNATIONAL INC. Hurricane Sandy was a force of nature, a destructive force that was shocking in its power and devastation but what can we learn from it? The single most important insight is that it was not unexpected. Our coastal cities are vulnerable to natural disasters as they face the threat of flooding as sea levels rise and the ferociousness of storms continue to have greater impact on our cities. None of this was unexpected… it was predicted and now it rests upon our architects, engineers, owner developers, general contractors, city planners, and leaders to build resilient cities with an infrastructure that can stand up to the forces of ‘extreme weather events’. New York and New Jersey were exposed to storm surges over 13 feet above the average low tide resulting in severe damage to below grade structures like subways and roadway tunnels. More than 7.5 million people were without power. For some residents, power did not return for weeks. Combined with this is the estimated $50 billion in losses to date, among the worst disasters ever to hit the U.S. Shocking facts, but unfortunately it was predicted years ago. In 2007, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Secretary General Angel Gurría warned that impending climate changes required political commitment and a range of economic policies to handle its impacts. His statements were backed by a study of 130 key port cities worldwide. The key cities listed in the OECD report ranged from Miami to Guangzhou, New York to Shangahi and Mumbai - some of the largest urban and economic centers on the globe… the clock was ticking. Assessing risk in the realm of billions of dollars and populations in tens of millions of people is a reminder of how vulnerable even the most developed cities are to natural disasters. There are many ways to handle the changes but, as several studies tell us, politicians, planners and specifiers need to be forward thinking and willing to implement long-term strategies. Weather patterns are not as predictable as they once were resulting in more extreme damage throughout the world. Planning for the future means mitigating this risk. Source: Wikipedia - Magnus Manske Hurricane Sandy – this was not unexpected! The Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel remained flooded on the Tuesday morning after the storm. Concrete waterproofing is a key ingredient in this complex equation. Technologies which waterproof below grade structures from retaining walls, to tunnels to foundations will become critically important to maintain structural integrity and safety of our homes and work places. We need to plan for the future. Today. Krystol® Magazine Volume 16 | Issue 1 9
  10. 10. Source: Wikipedia - BurjDubaiHeight.svg TALL CAN THEY GET? BUILDINGS: HOW TALL When the Burj Khalifa was completed in Dubai in 2010, it became the tallest building in the world by a considerable margin, beating the previous record holder, Taipei 101 in Taiwan, by more than 300 m (984 ft.). The Burj Khalifa is a truly remarkable achievement. Standing 829 m (2,720 ft.) above the desert, the tower is so tall that it is able to draw cool, high-altitude air from its top to feed and ease the load on its massive air conditioning units. Building this tower in Jeddah sends a financial and economic message that should not be ignored. It has a political depth to it to tell the world that we Saudis invest in our country. However, it looks like the Khalifa’s reign as the world’s tallest building may soon come to an end. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is currently planning to build an even taller building near Jeddah on the Red Sea. The Kingdom Tower would be one kilometer (over half a mile) tall when completed. —Al-Waleed bin Talal, Prince of Saudi Arabia and visionary behind Kingdom Tower The race for the sky is definitely a way for emerging economic powers to express their national pride to the world. Photograph courtesy of Nicolas Lannuzel 1 0
  11. 11. Source: Wikipedia - Aheilner How high can buildings actually go? Is a mile-high building out of the question? In fact, the Kingdom Tower was originally proposed as a mile-high building (1600 m tall) before being scaled back to 1000 m (3281 ft.). Some designers believe that a mile-high building will eventually be built. It is just a matter of time. The engineering challenges presented by extremely tall buildings are immense. Elevators Source: Wikipedia - Mkckim One of the major challenges in designing an extremely tall building is the need for so many elevators. Considering the number of stops and distance traveled in a tall building, many elevators are required to move people up and between floors. As a building design gets taller, the elevators can take up an unacceptably large portion of the interior volume of the building. The Kingdom Tower design includes a total of 66 elevators. The result is that floor space is lost to elevators and their lobbies. The high speed observation deck elevators in the Taipei 101 feature the latest in elevator technology. Wind A primary engineering challenge when designing a very tall building is the wind load. Wind blowing on or across the faces of a building exerts tremendous forces and these forces are multiplied as the building extends upward from its base. Buildings must be designed to withstand hurricane strength winds, but even light winds can cause very tall buildings to sway at the top. This can result in motion sickness for the people inside the building so the design must work to prevent wind sway. Typically, the building’s stiff inner concrete core is sufficient to hold the building rigid against the wind. Most modern tall buildings, however, employ a computer controlled dampening system to mitigate sway. Foundation Any tall building must start will a solid base. Extremely tall buildings are extremely heavy, and their weight is spread over a much smaller area than a comparably sized “short” building. Combine this with the lateral forces of wind on the structure as mentioned above and you can see that the design and construction of the building foundation is of critical importance. A very tall building will usually have a very deep and massive foundation. The building’s foundation must not only be exceptionally strong, but must also be exceptionally durable. Water and waterborne chemicals can attack and seriously deteriorate the concrete and its steel reinforcement. Wise builders incorporate Kryton’s Krystol Concrete Waterproofing Technology into their building’s foundations. Above: Aerial closeup of Burji Khalifa under construction. Below: View from the observation deck at the Burj Khalifa. Will the Kingdom Tower become the next world’s tallest building? And even if it does, how long will it be before someone decides to build one even taller? Architects and engineers agree that the technology already exists to build a mile-high building. And new technologies are being developed all the time. For example, advanced materials such as carbon nanotubes, which are extremely light and incredibly strong, may play a role in the super tall buildings of the future. It is simply a matter of time before someone with the money and the motivation will build the next tallest building in the world. Krystol® Magazine Volume 16 | Issue 1 1 1
  12. 12. KRYTON NEWS WELCOME TO OUR NEWEST DISTRIBUTORS MERIDIAN CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD / WO LOONG ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION LTD. HONG KONG www. JIT (Cambodia) Co., Ltd Cambodia Upload Your Video and you could receive a FREE Kryton Technical Jacket, PLUS a chance to win a Kryton branded iPad! • It only takes 10 minutes! • Upload your short video • If your video is selected for our site, you will receive a Kryton Technical Jacket, perfect for the jobsite • PLUS One lucky video will win a new iPad, preloaded with all our Kryton Technical Information. LATEST VIDEOS CYPRESS MOUNTAIN RESERVOIR CONCRETE PHILOSOPHER ON CRACK REPAIR CENTRAL COAST WATERPROOFING TORRENT SHOTCRETE (BENEFITS OF USING KIM IN SHOTCRETE) CASCADE AQUA-TECH CTS CEMENT DURATOP (TESTING KMA APPLICATION) BUE TRAILER TIANJIN HONG BA WATERPROOFING MATERIALS CO. The JIT (Cambodia) team. NEW ENGLAND DRY CONCRETE Visit to view. NEW CERTIFICATION Auckland City Council in New Zealand has accepted that the Krystol Crack Repair System, Krystol Internal Membrane and the Krystol Waterstop System complies with the New Zealand Building Code in particular clauses B2, E2 and F2. Visit for contest information or to submit your video. 1 2
  13. 13. THERE’S NO REPLACEMENT FOR ExPERIE NCE Kryton is excited to be celebrating 40 years of business this year! Since 1973 Kryton has evolved Wins Greensite Award in the Judge’s Choice in the Industrial category from a small company to being the recognized leader globally. Over the last four decades Kryton has seen Wins STAR Marketing Award from the Construction Marketing Association tremendous growth and change in the industry. Here are some of the highlights along the way: Named number two of the best companies to work for in british Columbia “I’ve specified Kryton products for over 20 years. I get great support, but, mostly, my clients trust Kryton to build their projects.” Susan Morris, President, Morris Specifications Inc. in the UK 2008 2009 2011 2012 Named number three of the best companies to work for in british Columbia 2010 Named number three of the best companies to work for in british Columbia Named number nine of the best companies to work for in british Columbia in Singapore Kari Yuers appointed as President & CEO in 2001 Kryton opens 2006 2003 2007 Kryton moves to current larger location in Vancouver Krystol Waterstop System recognized with a Most Innovative Product award from Hanley Wood and the World of Concrete Krystol Internal Membrane recognized with the Experts’ Choice Award for the Most Innovative Product competition 2001 1996 1980 1975 First international customer in Australia 1973 Kryton International Inc. is founded in Richmond, bC Canada by Ron Yuers with four employees Krystol® Magazine Volume 16 | Issue 1 1 3
  14. 14. KRYTON AMERICA IN SOUTH & CENTRAL South and Central America is one of the most promising regions in the world for economic growth, it is predicted that the area will become the world construction leader in the next five years. Brazil is the clear front-runner in the area with their focus on investment for the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics. But it is more than just Brazil, many of the smaller markets are performing well as populations grow and governments continue to promote investments in large scale infrastructure such as hydropower, water and sanitation projects. We see good long-term prospects in the region especially in the renewable power area. Bajo de Mina Hydroelectric Project (Panama) During construction of the 30 m (98 ft.) tall dam face, leaks appeared at all the cold joints along the face formed by the Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) layers. The applicator used Kryton’s Krystol Crack Repair System to repair all the leaking joints across the dam face, then the whole area was coated with Kryton’s T1 & T2 Waterproofing System. The final part of the dam face was completed using Kryton’s Krystol Internal Membrane (KIM) admixture. The repaired Bajo de Mina Dam supplies a stable 36 MW of energy per hour for the region. The construction team was so pleased with the results that when it came to constructing the Baitun Dam they also selected Kryton. 1 4 Baitun Dam (Panama) The Baitun Dam is part of a large hydroelectric power generation project along the Chiriqui Viejo River in Panama which also includes the Bajo De Mina Dam (another Kryton project). Kryton’s Krystol Internal Membrane (KIM) admixture was added to the mix to construct the massive dam face using Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC). The RCC method of construction causes many joints along the dam face, these joints were reinforced using Kryton’s Krystol Crack Repair System and then the entire face was coated with Kryton’s surface-applied Krystol T1 and T2 system. Over 20,000 kg (44,000 lb.) of KIM was used on this project.
  15. 15. Blanc Monterrico (Guatemala) INDE Head Office (Guatemala) Blanc Monterrico is a luxury resort development on the Pacific Coast of Guatemala. The site features pools, a private beach, tropical gardens, ponds, trails, sports fields, and a marine club. Each villa also features a private, above ground, infinity pool that sits over living areas – so waterproofing was absolutely crucial. The construction team used Kryton’s Krystol Internal Membrane to waterproof the private infinity pools. INDE (National Institute for Electricity) is tasked with local power production for Guatemala. The growing organization expanded their current building by constructing an extra floor on top of the same building. The roof of the additional floor would also be a parking lot. To protect the offices below the parking floor the construction team used Kryton’s Krystol Internal Membrane (KIM) concrete waterproofing admixture to waterproof the 3500 cubic meters (123, 600 cubic feet) of concrete in the slab. SOUTH & CENTRAL AMERICA DISTRIBUTORS Kryton has exclusive distributors throughout Central and South America. Contact the distributor in your region to find out more about Kryton’s waterproofing products. Or contact Alfonso Urquidi, Territory Manager at or by phone at 011.5281.1813.3581 or +1.604.324.8280. Hytech Waterproofing Systems Limited (Jamaica) +1.876.754.1853 Trend City Center (Brazil) Trend City Center is a new development in Brazil that will offer residential, corporate and commercial space. The contractor selected Kryton products to waterproof the large scale job because of the ease of use and technical support offered by the local distributor – LWART Quimica. Marcel Leiban, an engineer with the project contractor said “We evaluated other options, but chose Kryton because it is technically superior to the competitors and for LWART’s strong background.” Lwart Quimica (Brazil) +55.14.3269.5060 Nodulo Socoiedad Anonima (Argentina) +54.1 14.750.2245 Duratop International Ltd. (Guatemala) +502.2365.8933 Tecnosagot, S.A. (Costa Rica) +506.2290.1664 Krystol® Magazine Volume 16 | Issue 1 1 5
  16. 16. WHOSE REPUTATION IS ON THE LINE WHEN THE WATERPROOFING FAILS? ONLY KRYTON PROTECTS CONCRETE AND YOUR INVESTMENT PERMANENTLY. The wrong concrete waterproof solution will cost you time and money today. A failed system will damage your reputation tomorrow. Kryton’s crystalline technology self-seals hairline cracks and keeps concrete watertight for the lifetime of your structure. Our comprehensive system shaves weeks off schedules. Waterproofing costs are cut by up to 40%. Projects go smoother. Kryton takes the risk out of concrete waterproofing. 1 6 +1.604.324.8280