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  • 1. Australia By: Hana Abdalla, Alesha Francis, Sue De’Oliveira, Chelsea Panchan, and Krizzia Prado
  • 2. Overview of Australia Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
  • 3. Neighbouring countries include …
  • 4. G N u i a w n e
  • 5. New Zealand to the Southeast. New Caledonia to the Northeast
  • 6. The population is 22 million, with approximately 60% concentrated in and around the mainland state capitals of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide. The nation's capital city is Canberra, in the Australian Capital Territory.
  • 7. National Bird The Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae), is the largest bird native to Australia and the only extant member of the genus Dromaius.
  • 8. School attendance is compulsory throughout Australia. All children receive 11 years of compulsory education from the age of 6 to 16 (Year 1 to 10),[215] before they can undertake two more years (Years 11 and 12), contributing to an adult literacy rate that is assumed to be 99%.
  • 9. History of Childcare System Early Childhood Australia began as the Australian Pre- School Association which was formed in 1938.
  • 10. Early Childhood Australia is the top assisted program in Australia that acts in the concern of young children, families and ECE.
  • 11. It was renamed the Early Childhood Australia in 2003
  • 12. The Code of Ethics in Australia was first developed in 1990
  • 13. Type of Childcare System
  • 14. Child Care Arrangements
  • 15. Formal Childcare Formal Care is used in Australia It is care that is away from the child's home (Eg. before and after school programs, long day care. occasional care and family daycare)
  • 16. Formal Care was used by 25% (787,400) children in 2002 which was an increase from 1999 (which on 23% of children were using Formal Child Care)
  • 17. Most common used daycares were long day care and preschool which were attended by 10% and 8% of children
  • 18. Followed by Before & After School Programs (8%) and Family Daycare (3%) and Occasional Care (1%)
  • 19. Both long day care and preschool have increased steadily since 1993
  • 20. Informal Care Informal care is a very common form of child care, particularly for very young children. It's Non-regulated care, arranged by a child's parent/guardian, either in the child's home or elsewhere.
  • 21. The proportion of children using informal care in 2002 (33%) has declined from 38% in 1993. Some 19% (591,600) were looked after by grandparent(s), 2% by siblings and 7% by other relatives. Other (unrelated) people provided care to 7% of children.
  • 22. Use of informal care was highest for one year olds and then generally decreased as the age of children increased. Overall, 37% of children under five years used informal care compared to 30% of children aged 5-11 years.
  • 23. Type of Care
  • 24. Underlying Philosophy Each Child Care Centre has their own philosophy & mission.
  • 25. The mission statement in Australia is "Early Childhood Australia will advocate to ensure quality, social justice and equity in all issues relating to the education and care of children from birth to eight years."
  • 26. All child care centers … …provide trust and reflect partnership between children, their parents and staff.
  • 27. Each centre believe in high quality care education for all children!
  • 28. All children and their families will be treated with quality, regardless of ethnicity, gender, religion or culture.
  • 29. Training of Childcare Workers Teachers values are:  The rights of children  Leadership, excellence and respect  Courage, honesty and openness  Collaboration and diversity  Justice  Social inclusion of children  The teachers provide postitive learning environments for all children.
  • 30. Role of Teachers: Teachers believe that having an education makes a difference to the lives of individuals and to society. When teach ers are creating a learning environment for children, teachers must provide them with different interesting objects, and physical challenges.
  • 31. When planning work with children the work can not be static, meaning it must be dynamic and flexible. Children should have an environment where they can learn. The teacher is there to provide a better understanding of the children’s cues.
  • 32. Teachers provide an environment children can play is important because it gives children the opportunity to be truly engaged in exploration and experiment
  • 33. Availability, Accessibility Programs like the Child Care Benefit and the Child Care Rebate provide a subsidy for child care usage for work related purposes.
  • 34. It is accessible to everyone, but funding from the government is not accessible for everyone. There are daycares that are government funded, and others are paid for by working parents
  • 35. As last reported In March 2010 there is a 65,780 vacancy in day cares, up to 98% vacancies in remote Australia
  • 36. Child care costs are high in Australia. The amount of child care benefit (funding) that a family receives is based on things such as number of children in child care, type of child care and family.
  • 37. Funding has doubled Accessibility has up from $1.7 billion increased in the 0-11 2004-05 to $3.7 age group from 14% from March 06 to June billion in 2008-09 08.