ConstructivismKristin M. Jenna F. Scott L. Gabriella S. Alyssia D. Chealsi B.
What Is Constructivism?Constructivism is a learning theory that says thatpeople construct their own understanding andknowledge of the world, through experiencing thingsand reflecting on those experiences.
Key PeopleJean Piaget Psychologist who developed the cognitive learning theory Believed children were constructing new knowledge as they moved through different cognitive stages Defined four cognitive stages : Sensorimotor, Preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational.
Key PeopleJerome Bruner American psychologist and educator Believed constructive learners are participatory learners. Also believed in a spiral curriculum where children build upon what theyve already learned
Key People-Lev Vygotsky Russian educational psychologist Believed learning was significantly influenced by social development Proposed that children have a zone of proximal development Also proposed scaffolding and anchored instruction
Key PeopleJohn DeweyEducational psychologist, philosopher, and politicalactivistBelieved learning should engage and expand theexperiences of learnersPart of the progressive education movement
Key PointsConstructivism is a type of learning in which the learnerforms, or constructs, much of what he or she learns orcomprehends.Constructivism focuses on interactive student-centeredinstruction rather than traditional teacher-centeredinstruction.Constructionists believe learning is anactive, contextualized process of constructingknowledge rather than acquiring it.The learner is not a blank slate ... brings pastexperiences and culture to new situations.
Classroom ImplicationsWhat the teacher does under this theory. Constructivist teachers encourage: Students to assess how the activity is helping them gain understanding. Questions their: Strategies Themselves Through doing this, the student learns how to learn and they become experts at doing so. Constructivism modifies the teachers role so that they can help students construct knowledge and understand instead of just listing facts. Problem solving & Inquiry-based learning activities With the use of technology today, the teacher is able to give the students even more information to process and help them to use a higher level of thinking when learning the material instead of students being solely limited to the teachers knowledge or a textbook.
What the student does under this theory Students need to have an open mind. Students will learn better if they figure out the answers instead of just sitting there and listen to a lecture. Students can learn about a topic through the internet, videos, television. This can be through take home projects or computers in the classroom.
What you think about the theory for your own teaching We believe constructivism is a great way to teach and learn. A lot of the time a teacher will spend time explaining something but the student wont understand what to do until they are actively involved in the problem. A teacher can write whatever they want on a board and explain in detail, but until a student tries themselves they wont grasp what they need to know.
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