Paul Revere’s Ride


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Paul Revere’s Ride

  1. 1. Paul Revere’s Ride Kristi Beria
  2. 2. The March The Ordeal of the British Infantry <ul><li>As Paul Revere was getting ready to leave Boston, the British troops were mobilizing, without knowing what was going on. </li></ul><ul><li>General Gage kept an air of secrecy so that no information could be leaked to the Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result of all of the different regiments and companies coming together, there was confusion as to who was in charge. </li></ul><ul><li>The amount of boats needed to transport the troops was miscalculated resulting in hours lost ferrying them across the Charles River. </li></ul><ul><li>The men were dropped off in a swamp, making it difficult to move quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>The troops wore many different types of uniforms, all of which became uncomfortable when they got wet. </li></ul><ul><li>They wore shoes which didn’t have a left or right shoe, but were interchangeable, and they were expected to march forty miles in these uncomfortable shoes. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The March The Ordeal of the British Infantry <ul><li>The troops had to double back one mile in order to move to their next location. </li></ul><ul><li>When coming to a bridge, the men were ordered to go under it in case of sabotage, which meant sloshing through an icy stream. </li></ul><ul><li>At this point, most of the soldiers and many of the commanding officers still didn’t know where they were going. </li></ul><ul><li>The men made their way their way quickly through Cambridge and Menotomy, marching a mile every 16 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the fast pace, the Colonel of the British troops wasn’t happy with the progress and had six companies of light infantry quick march to Concord to seize bridges and hold them until the rest of the brigade showed up. </li></ul><ul><li>Once there, the troops heard alarms bells and signal guns and knew that their moment of surprise had been lost. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Muster The Rising of the Militia <ul><li>After receiving the alarm from Paul Revere, the militias of Massachusetts immediately began to assemble to prepare for battle. </li></ul><ul><li>The mustering of the militia was a long tradition that had taken place in New England for six generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Every town kept a training band of able-bodied men of military age that trained and served in the militia. </li></ul><ul><li>The men wore simple country clothes yet were knowledgeable about weapons, weren’t able to march very well, but were expert marksmen. </li></ul><ul><li>The British saw the New Englanders as a ragtag bunch of men without much experience or ability. </li></ul><ul><li>When the alarms came the men of these New England towns were ready and able to mobilize quickly to defend their way of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Many had a meeting place in the center of town for the purpose of bringing everyone together and mobilizing en masse. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Muster The Rising of the Militia <ul><li>Many men were in the middle of morning chores when they heard the alarms and left their ploughs in the fields . </li></ul><ul><li>Older men served alongside their grandsons, ministers served alongside their congregation, sometimes the entire male population of a town marched off to war. </li></ul><ul><li>The militia had to arm themselves and so were often short on supply, with a few having to ask for arms from the towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Some towns carried antique flags that had been passed down from their Puritan founders of New England. </li></ul><ul><li>Although not properly dressed or armed for war, the militia knew exactly what they were fighting for. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Great Fear A Rural Panic in New England <ul><li>The great fear in New England started the morning of April 19 after the alarms had been sounded by Paul Revere and the other riders. </li></ul><ul><li>The militia gathered and left their loved one’s behind, creating a sense of danger and desperation for those who had been left. </li></ul><ul><li>This feeling spread from one person to another until the whole town was infected. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the families sought to outrun this feeling by fleeing to other towns, only to find the same sense of foreboding. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people chose to hide in the woods, churches, and even taverns. </li></ul><ul><li>In Concord, many people congregated on the front lawn of the Reverend William Emerson, who was comforting people and offering bread and cheese. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people chose to deal with their fear by keeping busy, such as cooking and making cartridges for the army. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Great Fear A Rural Panic in New England <ul><li>The tension and stress led to rumors being circulated, like that negroes were coming to slaughter all the people in Framingham. </li></ul><ul><li>In the town of Pepperell, the women came together and formed their own security patrol, electing Prudence Cummings Wright as captain. </li></ul><ul><li>The women of Pepperell patrolled throughout the night, even stopping a Tory at gunpoint and taking him prisoner. </li></ul><ul><li>Many false alarms were raised causing a widespread panic. </li></ul><ul><li>The fear even spread to the British troops making them aware that they were the enemy in a hostile land. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to dealing with the battles, American leaders had to quell the anxieties of those left behind by sending couriers with updates of the events unfolding. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The First Shot The Fight on Lexington Green <ul><li>The British troops were on their way to Lexington, five hours after leaving Boston, and they still didn’t know what their mission was. </li></ul><ul><li>After hearing some talk of Paul Revere from a scouting party they finally realized the dangerous mission that they were on. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the troops didn’t have any combat experience, and as they heard some alarm guns and signal bells, they grew frightened. </li></ul><ul><li>As the morning grew lighter, the British troops noticed that the surrounding fields were filled with armed men moving quickly to the west. </li></ul><ul><li>As the troops came into the center of Lexington, they faced the militia that had lined up in two long ranks. </li></ul><ul><li>As the British moved closer there was a decision to be made as which way to go: take the right road straight into the militia or the left road that led to Concord. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The First Shot The Fight on Lexington Green <ul><li>A young marine in the front of the column led the British troops straight into the militia. </li></ul><ul><li>As the two forces faced each other, a shot was fired, but nobody has ever been able to identify who made the first shot. </li></ul><ul><li>The British heard this first shot and started to fire without orders creating a huge cloud of white smoke. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the young militiamen ran off, but a few of the older men returned fire. </li></ul><ul><li>The militia suffered heavy losses, many of which were shot while attempting to run. </li></ul><ul><li>The sight of the out-of-control British troops horrified Colonel Francis Smith who gained control with the use of a drummer. </li></ul><ul><li>As the British moved on to Concord, the townspeople gathered on the Common to count their dead and assess the damage. </li></ul><ul><li>As more militia men showed up from other towns, the resolve of the New English people solidified and they were ready to go to battle on their terms. </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Circle of Fire Brigadier William Heath <ul><li>William Heath was 38 years old when he took control of the Massachusetts militia in Lexington. </li></ul><ul><li>Heath was a fat, jolly, gentleman farmer from Roxbury without any battle or command experience. </li></ul><ul><li>He had studied various military subjects and had also observed the Regulars as they went about their military training, and was well respected for his knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>Heath believed the best tactic to use was skirmishing-the use of highly mobile skilled infantry that could take advantage of the New England terrain. </li></ul><ul><li>After waking on the morning of April 19, 1775, Heath met with the Massachusetts Committee of Safety and then went to join the troops on the field in Lexington. </li></ul><ul><li>After standing against the British forces at least eight times between the Concord Bridge to Lexington Green, the Massachusetts militia was facing a new adversary-nearly 2,000 British troops with heavy artillery. </li></ul>
  11. 11. A Circle of Fire Brigadier William Heath <ul><li>General Heath and his officers decided to surround the British troops and attack from all sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Heath maintained control by being on the field with his men to give encouragement and to maintain communication with his regimental commanders. </li></ul><ul><li>The British commander was astounded at the skill that these militia men showed in the art of war. </li></ul><ul><li>Heath’s command of the militia was one of many extraordinary events that led to the American victory over the British troops. </li></ul>