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Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
Modern Latin America
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Modern Latin America

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  • 1. Modern Latin America By Kristi Beria History 141
  • 2. Latin America’s Wars <ul><li>There were many reasons for war in Latin America during the 19 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Haiti went to war when the mixed races revolt against the rich white plantations owners, but the “pure” blacks eventually dominated. </li></ul><ul><li>Wars were fought over because of the class system that dominated in Latin America, which exalted the Europeans. </li></ul><ul><li>Wars were fought over territorial boundaries and the Native Americans lands were taken from them. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the lands natural resources were fought over such as the Nitrate War. </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatives wanting a monarchy and liberals wanting a republic fought. </li></ul>
  • 3. Latin America’s Wars <ul><li>All of the wars throughout Latin America’s history had economic impacts. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States, Great Britain, and other countries that had a financial stake in Latin America would often intervene. </li></ul><ul><li>America and Great Britain also argued over transit across Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>There were over 100 interventions in Latin America during the 19 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Many immigrants to Latin America, such as Irish, British, Americans, Belgians, Germans, and Italians often fought in the wars that took place during this time. </li></ul>
  • 4. The French Intervention in Mexico, 1861-67 <ul><li>In 1861 Napoleon III intervened between the Mexican Liberals and Conservatives. </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to name Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria its emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>The government of Mexico was almost broke, owing 82.2 million pesos to foreign investors. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish, French, and British troops were all sent to Mexico by 1862 to collect the debt, but France had a secret agenda. </li></ul><ul><li>In March of 1862 4,000 French troops joined the 6,000 troops already present in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The French troops joined together with the Mexican Conservatives and engaged the Liberals in battle. </li></ul><ul><li>The smaller band of Liberal troops was able to defeat the French and Mexican Conservatives. </li></ul><ul><li>26,000 more French troops were sent to Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The French were able to slowly defeat the Liberals at Puebla. </li></ul>
  • 5. The French Intervention in Mexico, 1861-67 <ul><li>Archduke Maximilian was officially named emperor in 1864. </li></ul><ul><li>The French military, along with the Conservatives and other foreign troops, engaged and won many battles throughout Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States began leaving unattended weapons and ammunitions for the Mexican Liberals. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3,000 American soldiers joined the Liberal Army. </li></ul><ul><li>1866 the United States made a show of force with 50,000 on the border of Mexico and ordered the French to leave. </li></ul><ul><li>The French army left Mexico City in February of 1867. </li></ul><ul><li>March 12 saw the last of the French troops leave Vera Cruz. </li></ul><ul><li>On May 14 th the Liberal Army took Mexico City without firing a single shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Maximilian was captured on May 15 th and was executed, along with several of his generals, on June 19 th . </li></ul>
  • 6. The Second World: Mexico <ul><li>NAFTA was supposed to help Mexico pull itself out of the second world status. </li></ul><ul><li>When Mexico agreed to NAFTA, it meant that any chance they had at being independent from America were gone. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the fact that foreign investment has nearly quadrupled, more than 300 factories have closed sending the work to China. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a direct correlation to the spike in illegal immigration into America. </li></ul><ul><li>The economic gap in Mexico is steadily widening despite the efforts of the former mayor of Mexico City, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador. </li></ul><ul><li>Gang violence has increased and drug wars are happening all over the country. </li></ul>
  • 7. The Second World: Mexico <ul><li>America will have to step up and help Mexico with training and education programs if they want the people of Mexico to stay in their own country. </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish is rapidly becoming America’s second language and many border states are economically tied to Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Many elderly Americans are moving to Mexico to obtain affordable healthcare. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time, millions of immigrants are coming to America to take advantage of the many social services funded by the taxpayers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many conservatives fear that America will become a “conglomerate held together by a regime.” </li></ul>
  • 8. The Second World: Argentina and Chile <ul><li>During the 1920’s, Argentina was the seventh richest country in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Political corruption and arrogance have plagued the country. </li></ul><ul><li>At one point the government seized billions from pension funds and then had to quell massive riots. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2002, over half the population was below the poverty line. </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina suffers from low tax collections and a decentralized federal structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Few investors are willing to take the chance with Argentina and they have become dependent of agricultural exports to China. </li></ul><ul><li>The natural gas supply is steadily dwindling making Argentina desperate for new sources. </li></ul>
  • 9. The Second World: Argentina and Chile <ul><li>Chile is one of the most vibrant economies in Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>Chile has a four lane highway, vineyards, engineering research centers, and glass skyscrapers. </li></ul><ul><li>The most recent governments of Chile have emphasized education and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Incomes have increased since 1990 and only 15 percent of the country is below the poverty line. </li></ul><ul><li>Chile has free trade with America, the EU, and China. </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia has access to its port through Chile, who, in return, get most of their oil and gas from them. </li></ul><ul><li>Chile protects its environment while, at the same time, is exploring hydroelectric power. </li></ul><ul><li>Chile is a economic and political model for the rest of Latin America. </li></ul>
  • 10. Mariano Azuela <ul><li>Azuela was born in Mexico in 1873. </li></ul><ul><li>He received a medical degree in 1899 at the University of Guadalajara. </li></ul><ul><li>Azuela eventually marries and had 10 children and publishes five novels by 1912. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1914 he joins one of Pancho Villa’s bands as a medical officer. </li></ul><ul><li>Azuela wrote many fictional stories of about the Mexican Revolution, including The Underdogs in 1915, that showed the plight of the Mexicans. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1942 Azuela received the Mexican national prize for literature. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1943 he became one of the founding members of Mexico’s National College. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1949 he received the Mexican national prize for Arts and Sciences. </li></ul><ul><li>Azuela died in 1952 of heart failure and was buried in The Rotunda of Illustrious Persons in Mexico City. </li></ul>
  • 11. Carlos Slim Helu <ul><li>Carlos Slim is a Mexican born businessman and philanthropist. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008 Forbes magazine ranked Slim as the richest person in the world, ahead of Bill Gates. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the first Mexican to be at the top of the list. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2011 his fortune was estimated to $74 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>He is the chairman and CEO of Telemex, America Movil, and Grupa Carso. </li></ul><ul><li>Slim has bought and sold numerous companies over the years, making millions in the process. </li></ul><ul><li>He has given away billions to various non-profit groups that he has founded including the Carso Institutes for Health, Sports and Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Slim has earned the Entrepreneurial Merit Medal of Honor from Mexico&apos;s Chamber of Commerce. </li></ul>

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