Communication Mediatelevision Cai Bingxin 20129869
Definition Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochrome (black-and-white) or colored, with or without accompanying sound. "Television" may also refer specifically to a television set, television programming, or television transmission.
Commercially available since the late 1920s, the television set has become commonplace in homes, businesses and institutions, particularly as a vehicle for advertising, a source of entertainment, and news. Since the 1950s, television has been the main medium for molding public opinion. Since the 1970s the availability of vide cassettes, laserdiscs, DVDs and now Blu-ray Discs, have resulted in the television set frequently being used for viewing recorded as well as broadcast material. In recent years Internet television has seen the rise of television available via the Internet, e.g. iPlayer andHulu.
Television in the Peoples Republic of China The television industry in the Peoples Republic of China includes high-tech program production, transmission and coverage .China Central Television is Chinas largest and most powerful national television station. By the nineteen eighties two thirds of people in China had access to television while today over 3,000 channels are available in the country.
History When the Peoples Republic was founded in 1949, the telecommunications systems and facilities in China were outdated and rudimentary, and many had been damaged or destroyed during the war years. Communications in China were established rapidly in the early 1950s. By 1952 the principal telecommunications network centered on Beijing, and links to all large cities had finally been established, also launching television broadcasts. The first national broadcasts began on May, 1, 1958, and Beijing Television (now China Central Television since 1978) was formally launched on September 2, 1958. A month later would see the launch of the first regional station, Shanghai Television, on the 9th PRC National Day, October 1, 1958. Liaoning Television would begin a year later, and in 1960 Zhejiang and Guandong provinces had their stations begin fulll broadcasts.
Today Altogether there are 3,000 television stations across the country. Large international TV expositions, including the Shanghai Television Festival, Beijing International Television Week, China Radio and Television Exposition and Sichuan Television Festival, are held on a regular basis. Besides judging and conferring awards, these festivals conduct academic exchange and the import and export of TV programs. Shanghai has become the largest television program trading market in Asia. Since China entered the World Trade Organization, the trend within Chinas media industry is to form inter-media and trans- regional media groups operated with multiple patterns so as to meet competition and challenges from powerful overseas media groups.