1.The pl of the Objective: “Every org and every part of the org must be
an expression of the purpose of the undertaking concerned, or it is
meaningless and therefore redundant.”
an org structure is sound when it facilitates the accomplishment of
2. The pl of Specialization or Division of work: “the activities of every
member of any organized group shd be confined, as far as possible,
to the performance of a single function.”
3. The pl of Coordination: the purpose of organising per se, as
distinguished from the purpose of the under-taking, is to facilitate
coordination: unity of effort.
4. Pl of Authority: in every organized group the supreme authority
must rest somewhere. There shd be a clear line of authority to
every individual in the group.
5. Pl of Responsibility: the responsibility of the
superior for the acts of the subordinate is
6. The pl of Definition: the content of each position,
both the duties involved, the authority and
esponsibility contemplated and the relationships
with other positions shd be clearly defined in
writing and published to all concerned.
7. Pl of Correspondence: in every position, the
responsibility and the authority shd correspond.
8. Pl of span of Control: No person shd supervise
more than five, or at the most, six direct
subordinates whose work interlocks.
the span shd be narrow for complex work and
wide for simple and routine work.
9. Pl of Balance: it is essential that the various units
of an org shd be kept in balance.
10. Pl of Continuity: Re-Organization is a continuous
process: in every undertaking specific provision
shd be made for it.
11. Chain of Command (Scalar Pl): there shd be a clear chain of
command extending from top to the bottom of the org.
every subordinate shd know who his superior is and
who his subordinates are.
12. Functional definition: the duties, authority and responsibility of
every position shd be clearly defined so as to avoid duplication of
13. Exception Pl: only exceptional matters which are beyond the
authority of lower-level persons shd be referred to higher levels.
Routine matters shd be dealt with by executives at lower levels.
14. Unity of Command: Each subordinate shd have only one superior
whose command he has to obey. This is necessary to ensure
discipline and to fix responsibility for results.