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Taipei 101
 

Taipei 101

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    Taipei 101 Taipei 101 Presentation Transcript

    •  ARCHITECT – C.Y.LEE & PARTNERS STRUCTURAL – THORNTON-TOMASETTIENGINEERS, NEW YORK CITY CONST. MATERIAL – STEEL,IN SITU CONCRETE AND GLASSYEAR STARTED – JUNE 1998 (MALL ALREADY OPEN)DATE COMPLETED – DEC 2004TOTAL HEIGHT – 508MNO. OF FLOORS – 101PLAN AREA – 50M X 50MCOST – $ 700 MILLIONBUILDING USE – OFFICE COMPLEX + MALLPARKING - 83,000 SQ.MT., 1800 CARS TAIPEI IOI - KRISHNA JHAWAR - SHRAY SAHDEV
    • STRUCTURAL CONCEPT:TAIPEI 101 FOLLOWS THE CHINESE PAGODA FORM RESEMBLING THEFLEXIBLE YET PERSISTENT BAMBOO THAT REACHES THE SKY. IT CONSISTS OF 8 MODULES BASED ON THE CHINESE LUCKY NUMBER ‘8’.EACH MODULE CONSISTS OF 8 FLOORS THAT FLARES AT THE TOP.THEREARE 101 FLOORS ABOVE TH GROUND AND 5 FLOORS .STRUCTURAL FACADE:TAIPEI 101S CHARACTERISTIC BLUE-GREENGLASS CURTAIN WALLS ARE DOUBLE PANEDAND GLAZED, OFFER HEAT AND UVPROTECTION SUFFICIENT TO BLOCKEXTERNAL HEAT BY 50 PERCENT, AND CANSUSTAIN IMPACTS OF 7 TONNES .THE FACADE SYSTEM OF GLASS ANDALUMINUM PANELS INSTALLED INTO ANINCLINED MOMENT-RESISTING LATTICESCONTRIBUTES TO OVERALL LATERALRIGIDITY BY TYING BACK TO THE MEGA-COLUMNS WITH ONE-STORY HIGH TRUSSESAND AT EVERY EIGHTH FLOOR. THIS FACADESYSTEM IS THEREFORE ABLE TO WITHSTANDUP TO 95MM OF SEISMIC LATERALDISPLACEMENTS WITHOUT DAMAGE.
    • STRUCTURAL DESIGN :TAIPEI 101 WAS DESIGNED AS A MEGASTRUCTURAL SYSTEM TO WITHSTANDGRAVITY AND LATERAL LOADS INCLUDING TYPHOON WIND S ANDEARTHQUAKES. THE DESIGN ACHIEVES BOTH STRENGTH AND FLEXIBILITY FOR THE TOWERTHROUGH THE USE OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE STEEL CONSTRUCTION. THIRTY-SIX COLUMNS SUPPORT TAIPEI 101, INCLUDING EIGHT "MEGA-COLUMNS"PACKED WITH 10,000 PSI (69 MPA) CONCRETE.EVERY EIGHT FLOORS,OUTRIGGER TRUSSES CONNECT THE COLUMNS IN THE BUILDINGS CORE TOTHOSE ON THE EXTERIOR. WITHIN THE CORE, SIXTEEN COLUMNS ARE LOCATED AT THE CROSSINGPOINTS OF FOUR LINES OF BRACING IN EACH DIRECTION. THE COLUMNS STEEL PLATE BOX COLUMNARE BOX SECTIONS CONSTRUCTED OF STEEL PLATES, FILLED WITHCONCRETE FOR ADDED STRENGTH AS WELL AS STIFFNESS AT THE 62NDFLOOR AND BELOW. ON THE PERIMETER, UP TO THE 26TH FLOOR, EACH OF THE FOURBUILDING FACES HAS TWO ‘SUPER-COLUMNS,’ TWO ‘SUB-SUPER-COLUMNS,’AND TWO CORNER COLUMNS.THE SUPER-COLUMNS CONTINUE ABOVE THE26TH FLOOR. THE FOUNDATION IS REINFORCED BY 380 PILES DRIVEN 80 M (262 FT) INTOTHE GROUND, EXTENDING AS FAR AS 30 M (98 FT) INTO THE BEDROCKMAKING IT ONE OF THE MOST STABLE BUILDINGS EVER CONSTRUCTED. THORNTON-TOMASETTI ENGINEERS DESIGNED A 660 TONNES STEELPENDULUM THAT SERVES AS A TUNED MASS DAMPER, SUSPENDED FROMTHE 92ND TO THE 87TH FLOOR. THE PENDULUM, CONSISTS OF 41 CIRCULARSTEEL PLATES(125 MM HIGH), BEING WELDED TOGETHER TO FORM THELARGEST DAMPER(5.5M DIA.) IN THE WORLD.THE DAMPER ABSORBSVIBRATIONS DUE TO EARTQUAKES AND WINDS. TUNED MASS DAMPER
    • STRUCTURAL DRAWINGS : TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN