Water resources


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Water resources

  1. 1. Water Resources Virtual Booklet By: Krishna Aggarwal , Sumiran Gupta & Vicky
  2. 2. IndexIndex: Introduction Prior knowledge General Info. Glossary Uses of water Good and bad uses of the water. Proposals- How to conserve water resources. Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction This is a virtual booklet about water resources explaining about how people use water, how we should take care of it and many things that we should learn about water conservation this booklet is an attempt to make us aware about the water problems that we are facing and how we should to save this beautiful world.
  4. 4. Prior knowledge Water resources is Are sour ces of important on Earth and water and without it we they are useful from can’t the humans and do many things animals. or satisfied our needs. We would have to Water is a take care of the renewable natural water because in resources also like few years air and soil. theres not going to be enough water for us.
  5. 5. Water Resources sources of water are useful to humans. Uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. Virtually all of these human uses require fresh water.
  6. 6. Fresh water is renewable resources like soil and air. The world is supplied by clean and fresh water and it isdecreasing. Water is one of ourmost critical resources, but around the world it is under threat. Water demand already exceeds supply in many parts of the world and as the world population continues to rise, so too does the water demand.
  7. 7. Water resources are divided: Water resources are divisible into two distinct categories : the surface- water resources and the ground-water resources. Each of these categories is a part of the earths water circulatory system, called the hydrologic cycle, and is derived from precipitation, which is rainfall plus snow.
  8. 8. Distribution of water on EarthThis is how the water is distributedon Earth. If you see here that mostamount of water is in the oceans.
  9. 9. This is anothergraphic illustrationabout the world’swater and how it isdistributed.Here also you couldsee that the totalvolume in thehydrosphere ofwater is 1.386 km2(100%)
  10. 10. Sources of Fresh Water Surface water:Surface water is water in a river, lake or fresh water wetland. Surface water is naturally replenished by precipitation and naturally lost through discharge to the oceans, evaporation, and sub-surface seepage.
  11. 11.  Ground Water:Sub-surface water, or groundwater, is fresh water located in the pore space of soil and rocks. It is also water that is flowing within aquifers below the water table.
  12. 12.  Frozen Water: Several schemes have been proposed to make use of icebergs as a water source, however to date this has only been done for novelty purposes. Glacier runoff is considered to be surface water.•Under River flow
  13. 13. How do people use Water Resources? Divide Household Personal Use Recreational activities•Washing dishes •Washing the teeth •Go to the pool.•Fill the car with •Drinking water •Go to the beach.water •Take a shower •Walk in the pool for•Watering the plants •Going to the recovering health.•Putting out the fire bathroom •Skiing in the mountains.•Give water for the •Walk in the pool for •Fish in the lakes.cows recovering health •Play with a ball in the•Watering the grass river.•Washing the car •Surfeit in the ocean. Picture: Picture: Picture:
  14. 14. Uses of water Agricultural: It is estimated that 69% of worldwide water use is for irrigation, with 15-35% of irrigation withdrawals being unsustainable. Aquaculture is a small but growing agricultural use of water.•Industrial: It is estimated that 15%of worldwide water use isindustrial. The distribution ofindustrial water usage that is varieswidely, but as a whole is lower thanagricultural use. This is the process of irrigation
  15. 15.  Recreational water: use  Household: It is is usually very small but estimated that 15% of growing percentage of worldwide water use is total water use. for household purposes. Recreational water use These include drinking is mostly tied to water, bathing, cooking, reservoirs. sanitation, and gardening.Environmental: Explicitenvironmental water use isalso a very small but growingpercentage of total wateruse.
  16. 16. Good and bad uses of water Ways people waste water: (How to save it). Dishwasher -Dishwashers can waste so much water if you run it when it is not full. A way to prevent this is to wash your dishes without use of the dishwasher. Brushing Teeth / Washing Dishes WITH the Water Running- DO NOT keep water running while brushing your teeth/ doing the dishes. When you brush your teeth, wet the toothbrush first and turn the water off. Shaving - When you taking the shower, do you really need the water running? Turn off the water while you shave your legs. I put conditioner in my hair, fill cup with water, sit in the bathtub and shave, with the water off.
  17. 17.  If Its Yellow, Let it Mellow. If Its Brown, Flush it Down- Some people are bothered by this, but it is essential. Every time you flush the toilet, you waste 10 gallons of water. Car Wash-This may be hard for us city folks, but if you have a lawn, Wash your car on it! Use Biodegradable soap, and a bucket of water. Only turn on the hose for the final rinse. Bath time! Bath time is no longer Fun time. It wastes an unnecessary amount of water. an average shower uses 1/5 the amount of water that is needed for a bath! Using the Toilet as a Garbage Can- Do Not Do This! Throw out everything in a garbage can, even if it is tempting to just throw it in the toilet. Hot Water-Only use hot water when absolutely necessary. Hot water uses a lot more energy, and it isn’t always necessary.
  18. 18. Proposals: How to conserve waterIf you want to learn how to conserver water and protecting the environment, learning to conserve water is a great way to make a positive impact. A four-minute shower may not sound like much, but in reality can cost up to 40 gallons. But dont worry--there are ways to change water-hogging household habits into leaner, greener activities.Water Conservation Tips Run your dishwasher for only full loads. Turn off the tap when you brush your teeth. Check your faucets and toilets for leaks. Take shorter showers. Water your lawn in the morning. Use a cover on your pool. Wash your car with a nozzle on the hose.
  19. 19.  We are fortunate enough to live in a place where clean water flows freely on demand, it can be easy to take it for granted. From your daily dishwashing routine to your daily shower, every drop of this natural resource is precious. Practicing conservation is not only good for the environment, but can save you money in energy bills.
  20. 20. Glossary Useful: To do something in order to be helpful. Virtually: almost, but not quite. Decreasing: smaller increase in output than input: a situation in which an increase in input causes output to increase by a smaller proportion. Exceeds: be greater than something- to be greater than something in quantity, degree, or scope. Replenished: replace used items- to restock depleted items or material. Discharge: carry something out.
  21. 21. ConclusionFinally we have made thispresentation and we hopeyou enjoy and like it. Ihope you understoodabout this importanttopic, for then it would beeasily to talk about it andshare this information tosave the water resourcesand more important ourbeautiful world.