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Chapter 8 Energy Balance And Body Composition
 

Chapter 8 Energy Balance And Body Composition

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    Chapter 8 Energy Balance And Body Composition Chapter 8 Energy Balance And Body Composition Presentation Transcript

    • Energy Balance and Body Composition Studying = 1 or 2 kcalories/minute
    • Energy Balance
    • Food Composition
      • Direct calorimetry vs. indirect calorimetry
      • Physiological fuel value
    • Food Intake
      • Hunger
      • Appetite
      • Satiation
      • Satiety
      • Overriding hunger and satiety
        • Stress eating
      • Sustaining satiation and satiety
        • satiating
    • Food Intake
      • Sustaining satiation and satiety
        • lower-fat foods can be eaten in larger portions for the same number of kcalories
      Food Intake
    • Food Intake
      • Hypothalamus
        • Neuropeptide Y
    • Thermogenesis
      • Basal thermogenesis
      • Exercise-induced thermogenesis
      • Diet-induced thermogenesis
      • Adaptive thermogenesis
    • Components of Energy Expenditure
    • Components of Energy Expenditure
      • Basal metabolism
      • Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
      • Resting metabolic rate (RMR)
      • Physical activity
    • Components of Energy Expenditure
      • Thermic effect of food (TEF)
      • Diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT)
    • Estimating Energy Requirements
      • Gender
      • Growth
      • Age
    • Estimating Energy Requirements
      • Physical activity
      • Body composition
      • Body size
    • Body Weight, Body Composition, and Health
      • Body composition
      • Body weight = fat + lean tissue (including water)
    • Defining Healthy Body Weight
      • The criterion of fashion: BMI of Miss America
    • Defining Healthy Body Weight
      • The criterion of health
      • Body mass index (BMI)
        • =weight (kg)/height (m) 2
    • BMI Values Used to Assess Weight
    • Distribution of Body Weights in U.S. Adults
    • Body Fat and Its Distribution
    • Body Fat and Its Distribution
      • Some people need less body fat
      • Some people need more body fat
    • Body Fat and Its Distribution
      • Fat distribution
        • Intra-abdominal fat
        • Central obesity
    •  
    • Body Fat and Its Distribution
      • Waist circumference-according to some...if it’s anything over 35”, it’s too much!
    • Body Fat and Its Distribution
      • Other measures of body composition
        • Fatfold measure
        • Hydrodensitometry
        • Bioelectrical impedance
    • Body Fat and Its Distribution
      • Other measures of body composition
        • Air displacement plethysmography
        • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)
    • Methods Used to Assess Body Fat
    • Health Risks Associated With Body Weight and Body Fat
      • Health risks of underweight
      • Health risks of overweight
    • BMI and Mortality
    • Health Risks Associated With Body Weight and Body Fat
      • Cardiovascular disease
      • Diabetes
      • Cancer
      • Fat and fit versus sedentary and slim
    • The Latest and Greatest Weight-Loss Diet - Again
      • The claims and truths of diet fads
      • High-protein, low carbohydrate diets
        • The diet’s appeal
    • The Latest and Greatest Weight-Loss Diet - Again
      • High-protein, low carbohydrate diets
        • Don’t count kcalories
        • Satisfy hunger
        • Follow a plan
        • Limit choices
    • The Latest and Greatest Weight-Loss Diet - Again
      • High-protein, low carbohydrate diets
        • Too much fat
        • Too much protein
        • Too little everything else
        • The body’s perspective
    • Questions or Thoughts
      • If you have any questions or thoughts please feel free to post them in the Discussion Forum/Board or you can e-mail your instructor