Jlenia Destito, IPRES, Migration governance in Apulia Region...

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Jlenia Destito, IPRES, Migration governance in Apulia Region: a pilot action on social housing, Prezentare in cadrul conferintei , Mostar, 30.03-02.04.2011.

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Jlenia Destito, IPRES, Migration governance in Apulia Region...

  1. 1. Regional partnership for intercultural exchange, Mostar final conference 1° April 2011 Migration governance in Apulia Region: a pilot action on social housing Jlenia Destito, IPRES
  2. 2. The European Mediterranean migration model: what is that? <ul><li>The model is studied on the basis of a transnational approach comparing data and experiences of 4 UE Mediterranean Countries: Italy, Greece, Portugal and Spain; </li></ul><ul><li>Commun cultural and socio-economic features and commun experiences of migrations governance such as: </li></ul>Shift from sending countries to hosting countries; late industrial development; economies based on SME and agricolture; weakness of welfare state/role of families in care services; diffusion of the grey market and large use of regolarizations mechanisms for migrants
  3. 3. The European Mediterranean migration model: some considerations <ul><li>Restricted entrance policies and massive security control systems at the EU borders -> illegal status and social exclusion of migrants; </li></ul><ul><li>Link between the grey market and migration flows towards EU M.C. -> fostering of social exclusion and deepening the gap between new and old EU migration Countries. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Employment rate in EU. Source: Eurostat 2007 -5,3 67,4 62,1 Average 3,8 65,1 68,9 Spain 4 67,6 71,6 Portugal 9 58,1 67,1 Italy 6,9 60,9 67,8 Greece -5 71,9 66,9 UK -15,3 75 59,7 Sweden -15,8 76,7 60,9 The Neetherlands 8 60,6 68,6 Luxembourg -14,7 70,9 56,2 Germany -11,7 65,3 53,6 France -11,7 70,5 58,8 Finland -20,6 78,3 57,7 Denmark -9,4 62,9 53,5 Belgium -8,6 72,4 63,8 Austria DIFFERENCE LOCALS FOREIGNERS COUNTRY
  5. 5. Apulia experience in migration governance: the policy for migrants’ housing <ul><li>2008. Start up of the “ ASIA” project. A pilot action for a challenging future goal: Social housing program including institutions, CSOs and banking sector . </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays 1 Asia agency is established in each province acting as front office dealing with migrants’ housing issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Asia represents a pilot action in Apulia region because </li></ul><ul><li>it involves the all regional and local stakeholders dealing with migration issues (Region Administration, Provinces Adm., Municipalities, Police dept., CSOs, charity foundations, Churches,etc) and it integrates several public/private services (social care, cultural, language,legal, real estate, finance) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Apulia experience in migration governance: the policy for migrants’ housing <ul><li>A multi-sectorial team composed by : </li></ul><ul><li>legal expert; social worker; intercultural and language facilitator; real estate expert. </li></ul><ul><li>A multi-services approache: the experience has showed the importance of integrating the public services for improving the life of migrants and fostering urban re-generation processes. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Apulia experience in migration governance: the policy for migrants’ housing <ul><li>Asia objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>supporting migrants families in finding an accomodation suitable for their “life projects; </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting LAs and CSOs’ work in migrants housing access; </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying and fighting discrimination in housing access; </li></ul><ul><li>Removing language and cultural obstacles in the housing process (i.e. communication with private and public sectors; documentations for renting and purchaising a house/apartment) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Apulia experience in migration governance: the policy for migrants’ housing <ul><li>Asia services for migrants: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Emergency housing: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural and language intermediation; </li></ul><ul><li>Social work; </li></ul><ul><li>Taking to get the house and monitoring. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Brokerage house: </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural and language intermediation; </li></ul><ul><li>Social work; </li></ul><ul><li>Legal assistance; </li></ul><ul><li>Brokerage house assistance; </li></ul><ul><li>Matching between requests/offers renting-purchaising; </li></ul><ul><li>Drafting contracts and monitoring. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Asia services for migrants: </li></ul><ul><li>3) Micro-credit: </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic and cultural intermediation; </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of the micro-credit request; </li></ul><ul><li>Legal consultancy; </li></ul><ul><li>Support to the micro-credit procedures (i.e. estimates of costs for reparaing or renting); </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating the relationship between the Bank (“Banca Etica”) and the customers. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Social and legal assistance: </li></ul><ul><li>Technical assistance from the legal expert and the social assistant; </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict resolution (among different migrants communities and between migrants communities and the Italian community). </li></ul>
  10. 10. Asia main challenges <ul><li>Networking among institutions and associations; </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination in the cross-cutting working teams; </li></ul><ul><li>Need to adjust the customers criteria; </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated accomodation finding; </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-credit procedure vs accomodation needs </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Jlenia Destito </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.ipres.it </li></ul>

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