презентация для учеников


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презентация для учеников

  1. 1. National holidays and traditions of Great Britain
  2. 2. Traditions <ul><li>Afternoon tea , is a small meal snack typically eaten between 2pm and 5pm. The custom of afternoon tea originated in England in the 1840s.[2] At the time, the various classes in England had a divergence in their eating habits. The upper classes typically ate luncheon at about midday and dinner (if not eschewed in favor of the later supper) at 8:00 pm or later, while the lower classes ate dinner at about 11:00 am and then a light supper at around 7:00 pm.[3] For both groups, afternoon tea filled a gap in the meals. The custom spread throughout the British Empire and beyond in succeeding decades. However, changes in social customs and working hours mean that most 21st Century Britons will rarely take afternoon tea, if at all. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Weddings </li></ul><ul><li>Over half the weddings in the UK take place in local register offices and the rest are religious ceremonies of one </li></ul><ul><li>kind or another. A few years ago changes in the law allowed couples to get married in all sorts of places (known </li></ul><ul><li>as a civil Wedding Ceremony). </li></ul><ul><li>Most weddings take place on Saturday afternoons, this is very much the “peak period” in any week for getting </li></ul><ul><li>married. </li></ul><ul><li>Before the Wedding takes place </li></ul><ul><li>Brides have 'Hen' nights and bridegrooms have 'Stag' parties (similar to bachelor/bachelorette parties). </li></ul><ul><li>For couples getting married in a church, 'banns' announcing the proposed wedding are read aloud in the church </li></ul><ul><li>three Sundays before the wedding. The groom chooses a Best Man who will look after the couple rings during the </li></ul><ul><li>wedding ceremony. </li></ul><ul><li>The Wedding Day </li></ul><ul><li>It is unlucky for the groom to see the bride on the wedding day before the service. Traditionally the bride wears a </li></ul><ul><li>white dress and the groom wears a suit (top hat and tails). The bride may be attended by bridesmaids and </li></ul><ul><li>pageboys. The groom and the bride say their vows. They give each other rings. They sign a wedding register. </li></ul><ul><li>After the wedding ceremony </li></ul><ul><li>After the wedding ceremony guests are invited to attend a meal and further celebrations. This is known as the </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding Reception. Guests leave presents for the bride and groom on a table in the room where the reception </li></ul><ul><li>takes place. It is traditional for the Best Man, Brides Father and the Groom to give a speech at the wedding </li></ul><ul><li>reception. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>What is British Humour? </li></ul><ul><li>In popular culture, British humour is a somewhat general term applied to </li></ul><ul><li>certain types of comedy and comedic acts from the United Kingdom. Many </li></ul><ul><li>UK comedy TV shows typical of British humour have become popular all </li></ul><ul><li>round the world, and, for good or bad, have been a strong avenue for the </li></ul><ul><li>export and representation of British culture to an international audience, </li></ul><ul><li>but like many things the &quot;typical&quot; British sense of humour doesn't really </li></ul><ul><li>exist. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many different kinds of humour, and </li></ul><ul><li>often culture and tradition </li></ul><ul><li>plays a big part in how funny you may find </li></ul><ul><li>something, or not. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Changing the Guard </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the epitome of London's surviving pageantry can be found in the </li></ul><ul><li>ceremonial Changing of the Guard. A hugely popular spectacle, the </li></ul><ul><li>Changing of the Guard takes place at a range of royal locations in and </li></ul><ul><li>around London daily during the summer (April-July) and on alternate days </li></ul><ul><li>for the rest of the year. There is no ticketing, so make sure you get there </li></ul><ul><li>early. Ever since 1660 Household Troops have guarded the Sovereign </li></ul><ul><li>Palaces. The Palace of Whitehall was the main residence until 1689 and </li></ul><ul><li>was guarded by the Household Cavalry (they can still be seen here </li></ul><ul><li>today; outside Horse Guards Arch). The court moved to St James's </li></ul><ul><li>Palace in 1689 and when Queen </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria moved into Buckingham </li></ul><ul><li>Palace (1837) the Queen's Guard </li></ul><ul><li>remained at St James's Palace and a </li></ul><ul><li>detachment guarded Buckingham </li></ul><ul><li>Palace, as it does today. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Trooping the Colour </li></ul><ul><li>Often cited as the ceremonial event of the year, the Trooping the Colour marks the </li></ul><ul><li>'official' birthday of the Queen. Her actual birthday is 21st April but it is a long-standing </li></ul><ul><li>tradition to publicly celebrate her birthday on a summer day. This tradition dates back to </li></ul><ul><li>the early 18th century when the Colours (flags) of the battalion were carried (Trooped) </li></ul><ul><li>past soldiers to reinforce the colours of their regiment so that they would recognise them </li></ul><ul><li>in battle. Ever since 1748 this ceremony has also marked the Sovereign's birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>Trooping the Colour takes place in June when the Queen leaves Buckingham Palace to </li></ul><ul><li>her arrival at Horse Guards Parade when a gun salute is fired from Green Park. </li></ul><ul><li>The action centres on Horse Guards Parade, where the Queen receives the royal salute </li></ul><ul><li>and inspects the troops. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Ceremony of the Keys </li></ul><ul><li>Every night the Tower of London is locked up by the Chief Warder who makes </li></ul><ul><li>his way to the gates from the Byward Tower at exactly 9.53pm. Once all the </li></ul><ul><li>Tower gates are locked, the Last Post is sounded by a trumpeter and the </li></ul><ul><li>ceremony is concluded. This ceremony represents a 700-year-old </li></ul><ul><li>tradition and lasts no more than 10 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chief Warder represents the Yeoman Warders (more commonly known as </li></ul><ul><li>'Beefeaters') who have looked after the Tower since the 14th century. Today </li></ul><ul><li>they perform the role of tour guide in addition to their ceremonial duties. </li></ul>
  8. 8. British holidays <ul><li>Christmas Day </li></ul><ul><li>The origins of the now traditional Christmas Celebration, distinct from earlier pagan </li></ul><ul><li>winter holidays, date to sixth century England. By the middle ages, it was a well </li></ul><ul><li>established important holiday, with traditional pageantry, customs, music and feasting all </li></ul><ul><li>its own. Customs from pre Christian days were incorporated into the Celebrations, and </li></ul><ul><li>many still remain. </li></ul><ul><li>However in 1647, the English parliament passed a law that made Christmas illegal, all </li></ul><ul><li>festivities were banned by the Puritan leader Oliver Cromwell, who considered feasting </li></ul><ul><li>and revelry on what was supposed to be a holy day to be immoral. The ban was lifted </li></ul><ul><li>only when Cromwell lost power in 1660. </li></ul><ul><li>In Britain, the Holy Days and Fasting Days Act of 1551 </li></ul><ul><li>(which has not yet been repealed) states that every </li></ul><ul><li>citizen must attend a Christian church service on </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Day, and must not use any kind of vehicle to </li></ul><ul><li>get to the service There are a large number of Britons </li></ul><ul><li>who break this law every year. The law may have been </li></ul><ul><li>intended to encourage humility by forcing even the </li></ul><ul><li>wealthy to attend the church on foot, or perhaps it was </li></ul><ul><li>simply to avoid the traffic and parking crush that </li></ul><ul><li>universal attendance would otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>have brought about. Later, during Queen Victoria's </li></ul><ul><li>reign, Christmas became a time for gift giving, and a </li></ul><ul><li>special season for children. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Boxing Day - December 26th </li></ul><ul><li>In England Boxing Day celebrated on December 26th, is traditionally a time to </li></ul><ul><li>give gifts to tradesmen, servants, and friends. </li></ul><ul><li>It originated in medieval times, when every priest was supposed </li></ul><ul><li>to empty the alms box of his church and distribute gifts to the </li></ul><ul><li>poor. Wealthy people indulged in huge Christmas feasts, and when they were </li></ul><ul><li>finished, packed up the remains of feasts in boxes and gave them out to their </li></ul><ul><li>servants. It didn't become widely celebrated though until Victorian England. </li></ul><ul><li>In Ireland there is an Irish custom called &quot;feeding the wren&quot;. The custom is </li></ul><ul><li>based on a legend of St. Stephen. Once he was forced to hide in a bush, but a </li></ul><ul><li>chattering wren gave him away. In the past </li></ul><ul><li>Children caged the wren to help it do </li></ul><ul><li>penance for this misdeed. Nowadays </li></ul><ul><li>children carry a long pole with a holly </li></ul><ul><li>bush at the top - which is supposed to </li></ul><ul><li>hide a captured wren. </li></ul><ul><li>In the UK Boxing Day is still a public </li></ul><ul><li>holiday, some shops and supermarkets </li></ul><ul><li>open nowadays, but banks and most </li></ul><ul><li>offices remain closed. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>January </li></ul><ul><li>New Year's Day Parade </li></ul><ul><li>The New Year's Day Parade is parade of 10,000 performers from all around the </li></ul><ul><li>world through the streets of the West End of London from Parliament Square to </li></ul><ul><li>Piccadilly, which takes place annually on 1 January. </li></ul><ul><li>London International Mime Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The London International Mime Festival is an annual festival of contemporary </li></ul><ul><li>visual theatre which takes place every January. </li></ul><ul><li>February </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese New Year Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The Chinese New Year festival to mark </li></ul><ul><li>the start of the Chinese New Year, the </li></ul><ul><li>date varies from late January to </li></ul><ul><li>mid-February. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>March </li></ul><ul><li>Whisky Live London </li></ul><ul><li>Whisky Live London is the most important England's whisky event of the year, offers the </li></ul><ul><li>chance to learn about the culture and history of whisky, try and taste hundreds of whisky </li></ul><ul><li>brands. </li></ul><ul><li>St Patrick's Day Parade The Parade is in commemoration of St Patrick where bands </li></ul><ul><li>from the UK, Ireland and USA, community groups, and others take to the streets of </li></ul><ul><li>central London for a spectacular march. </li></ul><ul><li>April </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge and Oxford University boat clubs race annually each Spring on the Thames </li></ul><ul><li>river along 4.25 miles. The event is very popular, not only with the alumni of the </li></ul><ul><li>universities also with rowers in general and the public who wants participate. </li></ul><ul><li>London Marathon </li></ul><ul><li>The London Marathon is the second largest marathon in participants terms, the race is </li></ul><ul><li>along a course of 42.195 km (26 miles and 385 yards), runners stretches from </li></ul><ul><li>Greenwich Park and Black Heath to the Buckingham Palace Mall. </li></ul><ul><li>London Golf Show </li></ul><ul><li>It is the biggest public European Golf Show. It shows a wide range of golf equipment, </li></ul><ul><li>apparel and all related to the game. </li></ul><ul><li>London Horse Harness Parade </li></ul><ul><li>The London Harness Horse Parade is a horse parade and takes place annually on </li></ul><ul><li>Easter Monday at The South of England Centre, Sussex. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>May </li></ul><ul><li>The Chelsea Flower Show </li></ul><ul><li>The Chelsea Flower Show is a garden show and takes place every year on five </li></ul><ul><li>days in May by the Royal Horticultural Society in the grounds of the Royal </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital Chelsea in Chelsea, it shows the best garden designs and horticulture, </li></ul><ul><li>and show ideas to take for new gardens designs. </li></ul><ul><li>Hampstead & Highgate Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Hampstead & Highgate Festival is a competition of classical compositions, and </li></ul><ul><li>variety of arts. It takes place at North London villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Dulwich Festival (London) </li></ul><ul><li>Dulwich Festival is an arts and cultural </li></ul><ul><li>events aim to celebrate local talent, </li></ul><ul><li>professionals and amauteurs participate </li></ul><ul><li>in artistic events. </li></ul><ul><li>London International Festival of Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>London International Festival of Theatre, </li></ul><ul><li>is a progressive biennial theatre </li></ul><ul><li>festival which creatively explores local </li></ul><ul><li>and global issues using theatre as a </li></ul><ul><li>catalyst. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>June </li></ul><ul><li>City of London Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The City of London Festival is an arts festival that takes place in the City of </li></ul><ul><li>London for two or three weeks in June and July. The Festival offers classical </li></ul><ul><li>music, opera, film screenings, lectures and guided tours. </li></ul><ul><li>Spitalfields Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Spitalfields Festival is a music festival that takes place in the Spitalfields area of </li></ul><ul><li>Tower Hamlets. Classical music is typically played, however in addition much of </li></ul><ul><li>the music reflects local ethnic groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Summer Olympia Fine Art & Antiques Fair </li></ul><ul><li>The Summer Olympia Fine Art & Antiques Fair is one of the largest fairs in the </li></ul><ul><li>international art and antiques calendar. Hundreds of distinguished UK and </li></ul><ul><li>international dealers showcase an </li></ul><ul><li>unrivalled selection of the finest works </li></ul><ul><li>of art at the Olympia Exhibition Centre </li></ul><ul><li>East Barnet Festival </li></ul><ul><li>East Barnet Festival is a three-day </li></ul><ul><li>music, arts and sports festival and one </li></ul><ul><li>of the largest community festival in the </li></ul><ul><li>London region. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>July </li></ul><ul><li>The Hampton Court Palace Flower Show </li></ul><ul><li>The Hampton Court Palace Flower Show is an annual event run by the Royal </li></ul><ul><li>Horticultural Society at Hampton Court Palace. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hampton Court Palace Flower Show </li></ul><ul><li>The BBC Proms is an eight-week summer season of orchestral classical music </li></ul><ul><li>concerts held annually in Central London. </li></ul><ul><li>Greenwich + Docklands Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The annual Greenwich + Docklands International Festival is an extended </li></ul><ul><li>Midsummer weekend of ravishing free outdoor performances from major </li></ul><ul><li>international companies, and pioneering new work from UK artists. </li></ul><ul><li>August </li></ul><ul><li>Notting Hill Carnival </li></ul><ul><li>The Notting Hill Carnival is a large street </li></ul><ul><li>festival and celebration of Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>culture, whith parades of costumed dancers </li></ul><ul><li>and colourfully decorated floats. </li></ul><ul><li>Coin Street Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The Coin Street Festival takes place at Coin </li></ul><ul><li>Street and celebrates the co </li></ul><ul><li>operation in its many forms and is held on the </li></ul><ul><li>South Bank between the National </li></ul><ul><li>Theatre and Tate Modern. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>September </li></ul><ul><li>The London Festival of Chamber Music </li></ul><ul><li>It is a four weeks festival, aims to make chamber music </li></ul><ul><li>accessible to a wider audience, with performances of the </li></ul><ul><li>highest standard at local venues. </li></ul><ul><li>October </li></ul><ul><li>The Chelsea Crafts Fair’s </li></ul><ul><li>The Chelsea Crafts Fair’s is a showcase of the finest </li></ul><ul><li>contemporary craft from the UK. </li></ul><ul><li>Pearly Kings and Queens Harvest Festival </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the original Pearly Kings and </li></ul><ul><li>Queens gather in their buttoned suits for </li></ul><ul><li>the annual Harvest Festival Service, </li></ul><ul><li>takes place at the church of </li></ul><ul><li>St Martin-in-the Fields, Trafalgar Square. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>November </li></ul><ul><li>The London Film Festival </li></ul><ul><li>The Times BFI London Film Festival showcases the best new films of world cinema, ith </li></ul><ul><li>an extensive schedule of industry and public forums, education events, lectures and </li></ul><ul><li>celebrity interviews. </li></ul><ul><li>London to Brighton Veteran Car Run The London to Brighton Veteran Car Run is the </li></ul><ul><li>longest-running motoring event in the world the racers have to drive for 86km (54 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>from Hyde Park in London to Brighton, it takes place every first sunday in November. </li></ul><ul><li>Guy Fawkes Night </li></ul><ul><li>Guy Fawkes Night is a annual Britain celebration on November 5th. The event displays </li></ul><ul><li>firework, the lighting of bonfires and the </li></ul><ul><li>ceremonial effigy-burning of one Guy </li></ul><ul><li>Fawkes. </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Mayor's Show </li></ul><ul><li>The Lord Mayor's Show is a street parade </li></ul><ul><li>which in its modern form is a fairly light </li></ul><ul><li>hearted combination of traditional British </li></ul><ul><li>pageantry and elements of carnival. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>December </li></ul><ul><li>Trafalgar Square Christmas Tree </li></ul><ul><li>It celebrates the beginning of Christmas, is world’s most famous </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas tree lighting at Trafalgar Square. </li></ul>