Why do men fight in Revolutions? <ul><li>By force </li></ul><ul><li>By promise of loot </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas (religion i...
What  Conditions  help cause revolutions? <ul><li>People from all social classes are not happy.  </li></ul><ul><li>A major...
Immediate Causes of French Revolution <ul><li>The Absolute Monarchs  bankrupted the France: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The 7 Ye...
Immediate Causes of French Revolution <ul><li>2. The Tax System was based on traditional feudal ranks. </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Immediate Causes of French Revolution <ul><li>3. Economic Decline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France’s young manufacturing indus...
The French Revolution Steps
Step #1—Meeting of the Estates General <ul><li>King Louis XVI calls a meeting of the Estates General to solve the problems...
Step #1—Meeting of the Estates General  continues <ul><li>The 2 nd  Estate refused to listen to the demand for change made...
Step #1—Meeting of the Estates General  continues <ul><li>The 3 rd  Estate proposed a more fair system of voting. </li></u...
How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand...
Step #2—The Formation of a Constitution <ul><li>The National Assembly walked out of the Estates General. </li></ul><ul><li...
Step #2—The Formation of a Constitution   <ul><li>This new constitution upheld the natural rights of free, white men who o...
How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand...
<ul><li>Rebels made speeches to the crowds about the King’s plans to squash the National Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The c...
The Catholic Church Loses Its Power <ul><li>All Church land was confiscated by the State. </li></ul><ul><li>Priests were e...
How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand...
Step #4: The March of Women on Versailles <ul><li>Protests started in Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mob ends up walking to ...
How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand...
Step #5: Reign of Terror <ul><li>“ Committee of Public Safety” led by Maximillien Robespierre. </li></ul><ul><li>Supposed ...
How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand...
Democratic or Not? <ul><li>Step One: Democratic in nature YES!! </li></ul><ul><li>Step Two: Democratic in nature YES!! </l...
Step #6: The Reign of Napoleon
 
 
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  1. 1. Why do men fight in Revolutions? <ul><li>By force </li></ul><ul><li>By promise of loot </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas (religion is most common) </li></ul><ul><li>Ideals (Friendship, the “rush” of fighting, benefits, honor) </li></ul>
  2. 2. What Conditions help cause revolutions? <ul><li>People from all social classes are not happy. </li></ul><ul><li>A majority of the people feel that they are not getting what they deserve out of life. Things are not fair! </li></ul><ul><li>A strong division (and hatred) is established between the rich and the poor (social classes). </li></ul><ul><li>Government does not respond to the needs of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders of the government began to join opposition groups to the government itself. </li></ul><ul><li>The government cannot get anything done because of the many opposition groups that exist. </li></ul><ul><li>The government goes bankrupt because of corruption and then tries to overly tax people unjustly. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Immediate Causes of French Revolution <ul><li>The Absolute Monarchs bankrupted the France: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The 7 Years War and other wars. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich life-styles of royalty and nobility drained the treasurer of France even though they paid no taxes. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Immediate Causes of French Revolution <ul><li>2. The Tax System was based on traditional feudal ranks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Estate: Clergy of the Catholic Church who owned the most land but paid no taxes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Estate: Nobles who lived like rock-stars but paid no taxes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd Estate: Everyone else in France not in the 1 st or 2 nd Estate. They paid all the taxes!! </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Immediate Causes of French Revolution <ul><li>3. Economic Decline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France’s young manufacturing industry was in a decline. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back-to-back years of poor harvests from farming caused famine and food inflation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Enlightenment Ideas!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of scientific thinking and natural rights of the people. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The French Revolution Steps
  7. 7. Step #1—Meeting of the Estates General <ul><li>King Louis XVI calls a meeting of the Estates General to solve the problems of France. </li></ul><ul><li>The clergy, nobles, and ordinary people were to meet at Versailles. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Step #1—Meeting of the Estates General continues <ul><li>The 2 nd Estate refused to listen to the demand for change made by the 3 rd Estate. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Estate was vocal that they would block any attempts at change!!! </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Step #1—Meeting of the Estates General continues <ul><li>The 3 rd Estate proposed a more fair system of voting. </li></ul><ul><li>The King refuses to changes. </li></ul><ul><li>The 3 rd Estate marches out to form the National Assembly (a 2 nd government)---the Revolution begins!!!! </li></ul>
  10. 10. How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand? Yes, they discussed France’s problems. </li></ul><ul><li>How much violence was used? None! </li></ul><ul><li>What was the overall result: was it good or bad? Good, because a pro-democratic gov’t was formed by the 3 rd Estate. </li></ul><ul><li>The first stage of the French Revolution was democratic because it was non-violent in nature. The estates debated over the issues without physically fighting one another. This step ultimately resulted in the National Assembly, a democratic government. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Step #2—The Formation of a Constitution <ul><li>The National Assembly walked out of the Estates General. </li></ul><ul><li>King Louis XVI did not allow them to meet at Versailles meeting chambers so the National Assembly found an old tennis court to use. </li></ul><ul><li>The National Assembly vowed to write a new constitution that upheld the ideals of the Enlightenment for the people. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Step #2—The Formation of a Constitution <ul><li>This new constitution upheld the natural rights of free, white men who owned a certain amount of property only. </li></ul><ul><li>Women and African-French were not included in the new constitution!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Jews were given rights for the first time in European history! </li></ul>
  13. 13. How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand? </li></ul><ul><li>How much violence was used? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the overall result: was it good or bad </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Rebels made speeches to the crowds about the King’s plans to squash the National Assembly. </li></ul><ul><li>The crowds, then, attacked the Bastille with much of the army joining them. </li></ul><ul><li>Many believed that this action saved the Revolution from being stopped by the King. </li></ul>Step #3: Storming of the Bastille
  15. 15. The Catholic Church Loses Its Power <ul><li>All Church land was confiscated by the State. </li></ul><ul><li>Priests were elected by the people and by the new government. </li></ul><ul><li>Begins the separation of church and state in France. </li></ul><ul><li>Begins a secularization of society in general. </li></ul>
  16. 16. How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand? </li></ul><ul><li>How much violence was used? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the overall result: was it good or bad </li></ul>
  17. 17. Step #4: The March of Women on Versailles <ul><li>Protests started in Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mob ends up walking to Versailles, pillaging it, and forcing the King and his family back to Paris to swear allegiance to the new Constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>This event gave the “green light” for revolutionaries to accomplish goals using violence. </li></ul>
  18. 18. How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand? </li></ul><ul><li>How much violence was used? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the overall result: was it good or bad </li></ul>
  19. 19. Step #5: Reign of Terror <ul><li>“ Committee of Public Safety” led by Maximillien Robespierre. </li></ul><ul><li>Supposed to defend the Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40,000 people were executed by the guillotine. </li></ul><ul><li>King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Caused a loss of support of revolution from people in UK, USA, others parts of Europe. </li></ul>
  20. 20. How democratic was this stage of the Revolution? <ul><li>Did 2 sides exchange ideas in attempts to solve the issue at hand? </li></ul><ul><li>How much violence was used? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the overall result: was it good or bad </li></ul>
  21. 21. Democratic or Not? <ul><li>Step One: Democratic in nature YES!! </li></ul><ul><li>Step Two: Democratic in nature YES!! </li></ul><ul><li>Step Three: no, violence is not typically democratic BUT this violence had a specific purpose---it saved the Revolution!! (So, “yes and no”) </li></ul><ul><li>Step Four: Protests can be democratic BUT a violent mob that does something in the name of democracy tends to open the door to further violent, chaotic actions by all political groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Step Five: NO, a government emerged that was an oligarchy waving a democratic flag. Becomes a trend of many future “revolutions” for democracy and communism. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Step #6: The Reign of Napoleon

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