The Flowering of Early Civilizations
<ul><li>Before History   </li></ul><ul><li>Early Stages of Development : </li></ul><ul><li>A.  Hominids in Africa eventual...
<ul><li>Before History:   C . 2 Theories of Human Migration: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Radiation Theory—hominids spread ou...
 
II.  The Hunter-Gathers of the Old Stone Age <ul><li>Paleolithic Age (2.5 million to 10,000 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Huma...
III. The Neolithic Revolution <ul><li>Around 8000 BC.  </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic Agriculture and domestication of anima...
III. The Neolithic Revolution <ul><li>3.  City-States Develop (City and Government) </li></ul><ul><li>A.  Cities need to w...
 
III. The Neolithic Revolution:  4.  Division of Labor (Social Structure) <ul><li>A. Different jobs performed by different ...
III. The Neolithic Revolution:  B.  Slavery Begins <ul><li>Captives were sacrificed for religious purposes. </li></ul><ul>...
IV.   The Emergence of Civilization The Six Most Important, Basic  Characteristics of Early Civilizations <ul><li>Cities <...
Another Fun Fact!! <ul><li>Cultures and Civilizations through history have tended to be  patriarchal. </li></ul><ul><li>Wh...
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First civis chapter one section one

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First civis chapter one section one

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First civis chapter one section one

  1. 1. The Flowering of Early Civilizations
  2. 2. <ul><li>Before History </li></ul><ul><li>Early Stages of Development : </li></ul><ul><li>A. Hominids in Africa eventually develop into homo sapiens sapiens. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Neanderthals develop in Europe at the same time but die out. </li></ul><ul><li>1) Scientists believe our species may have contributed to their extinction. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Before History: C . 2 Theories of Human Migration: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Radiation Theory—hominids spread out from Africa to other continents. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel Theory—hominids developed around the world at the same time. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. II. The Hunter-Gathers of the Old Stone Age <ul><li>Paleolithic Age (2.5 million to 10,000 BC) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Humans used simple stone tools. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Not very advanced. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nomadic hunt and gathering societies . </li></ul>
  5. 6. III. The Neolithic Revolution <ul><li>Around 8000 BC. </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic Agriculture and domestication of animals </li></ul><ul><li>A. Surplus of Food occurs!! </li></ul><ul><li>1) Hunting-Gathering lessens in many communities. </li></ul><ul><li>B. City-States emerge!! </li></ul><ul><li>C. Division of Labor begins!! </li></ul>
  6. 7. III. The Neolithic Revolution <ul><li>3. City-States Develop (City and Government) </li></ul><ul><li>A. Cities need to water crops through irrigation projects. </li></ul><ul><li>B . Families emerge as leaders to organize these projects. </li></ul><ul><li>1) These same families organize war on other cities (or nomadic peoples) that compete for same natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>2) Over time, these same families became the ruling elite. Patriarchy tends to dominate most societies. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 9. III. The Neolithic Revolution: 4. Division of Labor (Social Structure) <ul><li>A. Different jobs performed by different people. </li></ul><ul><li>1) Some jobs become more important in people’s eyes than others: priests, soldiers, nobility. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Slavery begins. </li></ul>
  8. 10. III. The Neolithic Revolution: B. Slavery Begins <ul><li>Captives were sacrificed for religious purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians and the Hebrews begin to use captives as laborers; hence farms become bigger. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon many cultures begin replacing human sacrifice with slavery as a spoil of war. </li></ul>
  9. 11. IV. The Emergence of Civilization The Six Most Important, Basic Characteristics of Early Civilizations <ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Social Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Art </li></ul>
  10. 12. Another Fun Fact!! <ul><li>Cultures and Civilizations through history have tended to be patriarchal. </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this so? </li></ul><ul><li>Why has this changed over time, especially in the USA? </li></ul>

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