First civis chapter one section one
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First civis chapter one section one

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First civis chapter one section one

First civis chapter one section one

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First civis chapter one section one First civis chapter one section one Presentation Transcript

  • The Flowering of Early Civilizations
    • Before History
    • Early Stages of Development :
    • A. Hominids in Africa eventually develop into homo sapiens sapiens.
    • B. Neanderthals develop in Europe at the same time but die out.
    • 1) Scientists believe our species may have contributed to their extinction.
    • Before History: C . 2 Theories of Human Migration:
        • Radiation Theory—hominids spread out from Africa to other continents.
        • Parallel Theory—hominids developed around the world at the same time.
  •  
  • II. The Hunter-Gathers of the Old Stone Age
    • Paleolithic Age (2.5 million to 10,000 BC)
    • 2. Humans used simple stone tools.
    • A. Not very advanced.
    • 3. Nomadic hunt and gathering societies .
  • III. The Neolithic Revolution
    • Around 8000 BC.
    • Systematic Agriculture and domestication of animals
    • A. Surplus of Food occurs!!
    • 1) Hunting-Gathering lessens in many communities.
    • B. City-States emerge!!
    • C. Division of Labor begins!!
  • III. The Neolithic Revolution
    • 3. City-States Develop (City and Government)
    • A. Cities need to water crops through irrigation projects.
    • B . Families emerge as leaders to organize these projects.
    • 1) These same families organize war on other cities (or nomadic peoples) that compete for same natural resources
    • 2) Over time, these same families became the ruling elite. Patriarchy tends to dominate most societies.
  •  
  • III. The Neolithic Revolution: 4. Division of Labor (Social Structure)
    • A. Different jobs performed by different people.
    • 1) Some jobs become more important in people’s eyes than others: priests, soldiers, nobility.
    • B. Slavery begins.
  • III. The Neolithic Revolution: B. Slavery Begins
    • Captives were sacrificed for religious purposes.
    • The Egyptians and the Hebrews begin to use captives as laborers; hence farms become bigger.
    • Soon many cultures begin replacing human sacrifice with slavery as a spoil of war.
  • IV. The Emergence of Civilization The Six Most Important, Basic Characteristics of Early Civilizations
    • Cities
    • Government
    • Religion
    • Social Structure
    • Writing
    • Art
  • Another Fun Fact!!
    • Cultures and Civilizations through history have tended to be patriarchal.
    • Why is this so?
    • Why has this changed over time, especially in the USA?