Contributions of imperial_china


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Contributions of imperial_china

  1. 1. Contributions of Imperial China
  2. 2. Magnetic Compass <ul><ul><li>Used by Chinese for 200 years before Europeans did. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chinese used a spoon- shaped lodestone which pointed “south”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed the Chinese to explore all the way to Africa. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What make the compass a significant invention? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Gunpowder <ul><ul><li>By 800 AD, gunpowder was used in weapons such as cannon, explosive catapolts, and flame arrows. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arabs and Europeans copied the Chinese model of the gun by 1259 AD. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What makes gunpowder one of the most important inventions of the Chinese? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Movable-Type Print <ul><ul><li>Eliminated time-consuming copies by hand. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made books more plentiful in China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-invented 400 years later by Europeans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why would making books faster be so significant to the development of a culture? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Coal and Iron Production <ul><ul><li>Coal was used to smelt iron at higher heats---leading to the invention of steel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This gave Chinese armies many advantages over others that did not have steel weapons. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europeans did not perfect steel until the 1800s. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Mechanical Clock <ul><ul><li>Developed by 725 AD by a Buddhist monk. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ran by dripping water on a wheel that completed its rotation in 24 hours. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How has the invention of the clock affected this planet? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Smallpox Inoculation <ul><ul><li>Perfected by the 16 th century, Daoist monks came up the idea of exposing healthy people to a small amount of the virus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This allowed immunity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the advent of modern inoculations in medicine. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Ships <ul><ul><li>The use of the sail and water-tight compartments made Chinese junks very important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually, Chinese ships were built on a massive scale: about a football and half long! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed the Chinese to explore the world by the 1400s. T </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ming emperor declared world exploration to costly and called back his “treasure fleets”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why can this decision by the Ming emperor be considered one of the most pivotal decisions in world history? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 400’ Long and 180’ Wide!!
  10. 11. Great Construction Projects: Waterways and Walls <ul><ul><li>Human-made water ways were made to connect the vast area of China. The Grand Canal: connects the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers, 1100 miles long! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Wall began in 221 BC and was made to protect China from invaders from the North (Mongols), 1500 miles long. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both of these works show the great power the emperors of Imperial China had over their people. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. Fine Goods: Porcelain and Silk and Tea <ul><ul><li>Both porcelain, silk, and teas were secrets of Imperial China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All advanced peoples of world desired these goods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Empires fell over who controlled the Silk Road to China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These fine goods fuel Europe’s desire to explore and take over the world in the 1600s. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 16. Paper and Paper Money <ul><ul><li>Use of paper made knowledge easier to record. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade flourish in Imperial China: The use of metal as money like all other cultures became as barrier to trade because of its weight. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replaced by paper money which soon was printed by the Chinese government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muslim eventually adopted the use of paper money and added a new idea: checking systems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both of these advances have contributed the highly advanced and complex global economic system we have today. </li></ul></ul>