Ancient greek sculpture


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Ancient greek sculpture

  1. 1. Ancient Greek SculptureAll rights reserved. Rights belong to their respective owners. Availablefree for non-commercial and personal use. First created 15 Mar 2012. Version 1.1 - 5 Apr 2012. Jerry Tse. London.
  2. 2. Cycladic 2500-2000 BCEThe story of Greek sculpture beganaround 4000 years ago in the Greekislands, where they made simple whitemarble models of gods and goddesses.
  3. 3. Minoan 1700-1500 BCEThere were few statues found in MinoanCrete. This is the „Snake Goddess‟ foundin a family shrine.
  4. 4. MyceneanThere was no sculpture found inMycenae. This female painted plasterhead is believed to be the head of asphinx.
  5. 5. Archaic 700-500 BCEThis statue was amongst some of theearliest Greek statue. It depicted anarchaic goddess. Statues at this timewere stiff, unlike those of AncientEgypt and often carried an Archaicsmile. The Lady of Auxerre. 650-625 BC. 75 cm. Limestone. Archaic. Cretan. Musee du Louvre.
  6. 6. Archaic Most of the sculptures were created primarily for the purpose of idol worships. Most were less than life-size. Demeter, goddess of fertility on a throne. 6C BC. Terracotta. Archaic. Cretan. Found in Grammichele, Sicily.
  7. 7. Funeral markers begin toappear in Greece. Thesimilarity with the Egyptiansculpture can be seen here.But the Greek sculpturecarries a smile and the genitalis clearly shown. The Greekstatue is slightly larger thanlife-size.
  8. 8. Archaic By the Middle Archaic period from 580 BC – 535 BC, attentions were shifted to kouros and kore sculptures of young men and women, with emphasis on bodily beauty but the poses were still stiff and conformed to stereotypes.
  9. 9. Archaic Kore. 530-520 BC. Marble. Height 2.01 m. Archaic. Acropolis Museum Athens.
  10. 10. Archaic Unlike her male counterpart, she is fully dressed, with elaborate drapery and hair style. She still carries the archaic smile. Kore (no 680). 530-520 BC. Marble. Archaic. Acropolis Museum Athens.
  11. 11. Archaic This was an unusual subject matter, showing a man from Attic, who came to Athens to make a sacrificial offer of a calf to the goddess. It is a pleasing sculpture with the calf gently carried on the shoulder of the owner. The Calf-Bearer (The Moschophoros). 570 BC. Marble. Height 1.65m. Archaic. Acropolis Museum Athens.
  12. 12. Archaic Wounded Warrior from Temple of Aegina. C490-480 BC. Marble. Length 1.78m (Life-size). Late Archaic. On the East Pediment of Aegina Temple. Staatliche Antikensammlungen und Glyptothek, Munich.
  13. 13. Archaic The arrival of the Severe Style marked the beginning of the end of the Archaic style. Greek society underwent a transformation to become a leading civilisation in the eastern Mediterranean. During this time, the Mediterranean markets were flooded with Greek pottery. Schools of philosophy were flourishing. The city of Athens was in the ascent. Greek art was changing. The Athena of Aegina, wearing a helmet. c460 BC. Aeginetan. Greek. Musee du Louvre.
  14. 14. Archaic This is a well proportioned and beautifully sculpted Kore, in severe style. It is called „sulky‟ because she does not carry the Archaic smile. Carved by the same artist who made the Kritios Boy (on a later slide). The Sulky Kore. 480 BC. Marble. Height 1.65m. Archaic. Acropolis Museum Athens.
  15. 15. Classical 480-336 BCEThe concept of beauty was an expression ofthe inner beauty. Artists used their power ofobservation, created even more naturalisticsculptures with increasing details. Blond Boy. 480 BC. Marble. Classical. Acropolis Museum Athens.
  16. 16. Classical Kritios Boy or Critin Boy marked the emergence of a new sculptural style, the Classical style. The proportion of the boy‟s torso was near perfection, with life-like accuracy. Sculptures began to shift away from the stiffness of the archaic style to a more life-like posture. The weight of the sculpture was supported by the left leg, while the right leg was bent at the knee. The spine acquired an “S” curve and the shoulder line dipped to the left to balance the action at the pelvis.
  17. 17. Classical These „movements‟ were achieved by dividing the body into four main sections. The arms and the legs were bent independently. The body above the waist was twisted to produce a more natural posture. Ares Borghese. 5C BC (Roman copy). Marble. Classical. Height 2.1m. Musee du Louvre.
  18. 18. Horse head of Selene from the pediment of the Parthenon, Classical Athens. 447-432 BC. British Museum, London. The two horses‟ heads summarised the advances made by the Classical Greek. The horse of Selene (above) had just pulled the chariot of Selene across the sky. It was absolutely exhausted, with bulging eyes. Its veins were clearly visible, with opened mouth and nostrils enlarged, grasping for air.Horse head. Archaic Style fromthe Acropolis Museum, Athens.
  19. 19. Classical On the tympanum of the Temple of Marasa. Late 5C BC, Marble. National Museum of Reggio di Calabria
  20. 20. Classical The statue was offered by a tyrant of Gela (Sicily) to the Delphic sanctuary to commemorate his victory in the chariot race at the Games. The Charioteer of Delphi. 474 or 478 BC. Bronze. Height 180cm. Classical. Delphi Museum.
  21. 21. Classical The original was made by Myron
  22. 22. Classical Bronze head of Apollo (?), found in the Tamassos, Cyprus. 470-460 BC. Bronze. Classical. British Museum.
  23. 23. ClassicalAn exceptional bronzewith arms fully extended,an achievement showingthe advance made by onlya generation of sculptorslater, since the austereArchaic style.Artemision Bronze (Zeusor Poseidon). 460 BC.Bronze. Height 2.1mClassical. NationalArchaeological Museum ofAthens.
  24. 24. Classical
  25. 25. Classical Two full size bronzes of exceptional quality were found in 1972 off the coast of Italy. They are known as the Riace Bronzes.
  26. 26. Classical The Riace Bronzes
  27. 27. ClassicalThe Riace Bronzes had gone beyondthe depiction of life-like proportions,as in the Kritios Boy. The grove inthe back was exaggerated to show a„an ideal‟ body form.
  28. 28. Classical Philosopher of Porticello. 420-410 BC. Bronze. Classical. Museo Archaeologico Nazional di Reggio Calabria.
  29. 29. ClassicalPericles was a prominent Athenianstatesman, who successful createdthe Athenian Empire.Bust of Pericles. c430 BC. Marble.Classical. Vatican Museum, Rome.
  30. 30. Classical
  31. 31. Classical Praxiteles was a well-known 4C BC sculptor. Hermes Farness. Roman copy of a c325 BC sculpture. Marble. Height 2.01m. Classical. Original by Praxiteles. Greek. British Museum.
  32. 32. ClassicalPraxiteles was thefirst to sculpt thenude female in life-size statue.
  33. 33. Classical Aphrodite or Venus
  34. 34. Classical Dancing Satyr. Roman copy of a 4C BC statue. Marble. Attrib to Lysippus. Classical. Greek. Galleria Borghese, Rome.
  35. 35. Hellenistic 336-146 BCEWith the arrival of Alexander the Great,Greek sculptors had taken their art toanother level of realism and exaggeration.Their sculptures became even moreexpressive.The head showed a new level of realisticindividualized features, with a hint of anemotional expression.The Bronze Head of Delos. Mid-Late 2C BC.Bronze. Hellenistic. Greek. NationalArchaeological Museum Athens.
  36. 36. Classical The bronze was found in Olympia, sculpted by Silanion. It is an exceptional piece, showing the battered bruised face of a boxer, marked by swellings and wrinkles.Head of a Boxer. 330-320 BC. Bronze.Hellenistic . Greek. National ArchaeologicalMuseum Athens.
  37. 37. HellenisticSleeping Hermaphrodite, showing the female (top) as well as the male side (bottom). Roman copy of a 2C BC Greeksculpture. Marble. Hellenistic . Greek. Musee du Louvre.
  38. 38. Hellenistic
  39. 39. HellenisticThis is the story tellingsculpture of Laocoon with itsexaggerated feeling of pain.Laocoon & His sons. Romancopy of a 175-150 BC sculpture.Marble. ByAgesander, Polydorus andAthenodorus of Rhodes.Hellenistic . Greek. VaticanMuseum, Rome.
  40. 40. Hellenistic
  41. 41. HellenisticWinged Victory of Samothrace. c190 BC. Marble.Span 3.3m. Hellenistic . Greek. Muses du Louvre,Paris.
  42. 42. Hellenistic
  43. 43. Hellenistic The Greek sculptors extended their expressive portrait of human to animals. Only five Roman copies of this Greek bronze are known to exist. Molossian Hound. Probably 2C BC. Marble. Hellenistic . Greek. British Museum, London.
  44. 44. Hellenistic Venus de Milo. c120 BC. Marble. Height 2.02m. Alexandros of Antioch. Hellenistic . Greek. Musee du Louvre, Paris.
  45. 45. Hellenistic Lely‟s Venus (Aphrodite Crouching at her Bath). Roman copy of 1C BC Greek original. Marble. British Museum, London.
  46. 46. Hellenistic Lely‟s Venus (Aphrodite Crouching at her Bath). Roman copy of 1C BC Greek original. Marble. British Museum, London.
  47. 47. Amongst the ancient civilisations of theworld, only the Greek had producedsuch naturalistic and life-like sculptures.Some 1500 years later, with the arrivalof Michelangelo, these sculptures werefinally surpassed.
  48. 48. The EndAll rights reserved. Rights belong to their respective owners. Music – Zobra, the Greek composed by MikisAvailable free for non-commercial and personal use. Theodorakis.
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