Associations, Networks, Alliances etc.: Making Sense of the Emerging Global Higher Education Landscape
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Associations, Networks, Alliances etc.: Making Sense of the Emerging Global Higher Education Landscape

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Associations, Networks, Alliances etc.: Making Sense of the Emerging Global Higher Education Landscape Associations, Networks, Alliances etc.: Making Sense of the Emerging Global Higher Education Landscape Presentation Transcript

  • 21 April 2009 Kris Olds, Professor Department of Geography University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Email: kolds@wisc.edu http://globalhighered.wordpress.com/ 1
  • Outline & Approach 1.  Mapping the Emerging Global Higher Education Landscape: Six Symptomatic Vignettes at Expanding Scales a)  Cultivating “global competencies” amongst students (and faculty) b)  Reconfiguring the university/constructing global and regional education hubs c)  Universities constructing inter-institutional consortia d)  The nation-state: branding and cultivating export earnings e)  Regionalism, interregionalism, higher ed and research f)  Collectively constructing a global (Western?) audit culture 2.  Denationalization (aka globalization from the ground up; globalization from the inside out) 3.  Discussion 2
  • Acknowledgements   My sincere gratitude to the International Association of Universities (IAU) for the invitation to develop this discussion paper, and to Susan Robertson (University of Bristol) for comments on a draft version. Please note, however, that the views contained in this paper are not necessarily representative of the views of the IAU, nor any other institution.   All images in this presentation were produced by Kris Olds, or were sourced from obvious sources (e.g., when logos are included). In addition, the images on the following pages were sourced from websites and brochures from these institutions or associated cultural products: –  Page 4: Richard Ivey School of Business; Singapore Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR); Macalester College; University of British Columbia –  Page 5: European Commission; National Science Foundation; L'auberge espagnole –  Page 7: Qatar Education City; Kuala Lumpur Education City; Incheon Free Economic Zone –  Page 8: Innovation China UK; New York University; University of Nottingham; University of Liverpool –  Page 10: Government of Singapore –  Page 12: OECD –  Page 13: New York University –  Pages 14-15: Singapore Management University –  Page 27: Government of New Zealand; Government of Canada; Netherlands Organisation for International Cooperation in Higher Education –  Page 28: Government of Australia –  Page 29: Government of New Zealand –  Page 30: Pavel Zgaga, University of Ljubljana; Richard Higgott, University of Warwick –  Page 31: Government of Australia –  Page 32: Committee on Institutional Cooperation –  Page 36: Adams J. (2007) ‘Scientific wealth and the scientific investments of nations’, in T. Galama and J. Hosek (eds.) Perspectives on U.S. Competitiveness in Science and Technology, Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation, p. 40. 3
  • a) Cultivating “global competencies” amongst students (and faculty) 4
  • 5
  • b) Reconfiguring the university while constructing global/regional education hubs
  • Education cities, knowledge villages, schoolhouses, education hubs, and hotspots: emerging metaphors for global higher ed
  • Source: De Meyer, A., Harker, P., and Hawawini, G. (2004) ‘The globalization of business education’, in H. Gatignon and J. Kimberly (eds.) The INSEAD- Wharton Alliance on Globalizing: Strategies for Building Successful Global Businesses, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 9
  • Singaporean State «» Foreign Universities (1998 - present)   Johns Hopkins University   Cornell University   Duke University   Massachusetts Institute of   Karolinska Institutet Technology   University of New South   Georgia Institute of Wales (RIP, 2007) Technology   ESSEC   University of Pennsylvania   University of Nevada, Las Vegas   INSEAD   University of Warwick   University of Chicago (abort)   Technische Universiteit   IIM Bangalore Eindhoven   SP Jain Centre of   Technische Universität Management München   NYU (Law and Film)   Carnegie Mellon University   DigiPen Institute of Technology   Stanford University   Queen Margaret University
  • Opening up territory to build capacity…
  • …to brand…
  • Deterritorializing academic freedom while differentially governing “foreigners” and “locals”
  • Formal and informal knowledge: mapping, guiding, debating
  • c) Universities constructing inter- institutional consortia 18
  • Pages 20-24 were sourced from the following presentation: Transnational university networks and alliance as strategies of internationalization Heike Jöns and Michael Hoyler Department of Geography Loughborough University, UK AAG Meeting, March 2009, Las Vegas
  • Year of Global associations and consortia of universities Acronym foundation Association of Commonwealth Universities ACU 1913
  • Year of Global associations and consortia of universities Acronym foundation Association of Commonwealth Universities ACU 1913 Unión de Universidades de América Latina y el Caribe UDUAL 1949 International Association of Universities IAU 1950
  • Year of Global associations and consortia of universities Acronym foundation Association of Commonwealth Universities ACU 1913 Unión de Universidades de América Latina y el Caribe UDUAL 1949 International Association of Universities IAU 1950 Association of Arab Universities AArU 1964 Inter-American Organization for Higher Education IOHE 1979 Asociación Iberoamericana de Educación Superior a Distancia AIESD 1980 Coimbra Group Coimbra 1985 Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities HACU 1986 Agence universitaire de la Francophonie AUF 1989 Consortium Linking Universities of Science and Technology for Education and Research CLUSTER 1990 International University Cooperation, UNESCO IUC 1993 Association of Pacific Rim Univerisities APRU 1997 Universitas 21 U21 1997 The Association of Arab and European Universities AEUA 1998 LAOTSE LAOTSE 1998 Global University Network for Innovation GUNI 1999 IDEA League IDEA 1999 Worldwide Universities Network WUN 2000 Academic Consortium 21 AC21 2002 ePortConsortium ePort 2002 League of European Research Universities LERU 2002 Global U8 Consortium GU8 2003 International Alliance of Research Universities IARU 2006 International Forum of Public Universities IFPU 2007 Network of Networks NNs 2008
  • Number of Year of member Global associations and consortia of universities Acronym foundation institutions Association of Commonwealth Universities ACU 1913 500 Unión de Universidades de América Latina y el Caribe UDUAL 1949 177 International Association of Universities IAU 1950 620 Association of Arab Universities AArU 1964 180 Inter-American Organization for Higher Education IOHE 1979 400 Asociación Iberoamericana de Educación Superior a Distancia AIESD 1980 38 Coimbra Group Coimbra 1985 38 Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities HACU 1986 450 Agence universitaire de la Francophonie AUF 1989 686 Consortium Linking Universities of Science and Technology for Education and Research CLUSTER 1990 15 International University Cooperation, UNESCO IUC 1993 49 Association of Pacific Rim Univerisities APRU 1997 42 Universitas 21 U21 1997 21 The Association of Arab and European Universities AEUA 1998 67 LAOTSE LAOTSE 1998 37 Global University Network for Innovation GUNI 1999 100 IDEA League IDEA 1999 5 Worldwide Universities Network WUN 2000 18 Academic Consortium 21 AC21 2002 25 ePortConsortium ePort 2002 898 League of European Research Universities LERU 2002 20 Global U8 Consortium GU8 2003 8 International Alliance of Research Universities IARU 2006 10 International Forum of Public Universities IFPU 2007 23 Network of Networks NNs 2008 27
  • Number of Year of member Type of Global associations and consortia of universities Acronym foundation institutions network Association of Commonwealth Universities ACU 1913 500 Coll Unión de Universidades de América Latina y el Caribe UDUAL 1949 177 Coll International Association of Universities IAU 1950 620 Coll Association of Arab Universities AArU 1964 180 Coll Inter-American Organization for Higher Education IOHE 1979 400 Coll Asociación Iberoamericana de Educación Superior a Distancia AIESD 1980 38 Coll Coimbra Group Coimbra 1985 38 Coll/Comp Hispanic Association of Colleges and Universities HACU 1986 450 Coll Agence universitaire de la Francophonie AUF 1989 686 Coll Consortium Linking Universities of Science and Technology for Education and Research CLUSTER 1990 15 Coll/Comp International University Cooperation, UNESCO IUC 1993 49 Coll Association of Pacific Rim Univerisities APRU 1997 42 Coll Universitas 21 U21 1997 21 Comp The Association of Arab and European Universities AEUA 1998 67 Coll LAOTSE LAOTSE 1998 37 Comp Global University Network for Innovation GUNI 1999 100 Coll IDEA League IDEA 1999 5 Comp Worldwide Universities Network WUN 2000 18 Comp Academic Consortium 21 AC21 2002 25 Coll ePortConsortium ePort 2002 898 Coll League of European Research Universities LERU 2002 20 Comp Global U8 Consortium GU8 2003 8 Comp International Alliance of Research Universities IARU 2006 10 Comp International Forum of Public Universities IFPU 2007 23 Comp Network of Networks NNs 2008 27 Coll
  • c) Universities constructing inter- institutional consortia 25
  • King Abdullah University of Science and Technology   $10 billion endowment (6th wealthiest university in the world)   De-facto Sovereign Wealth Fund   Global research networks (incl., Cambridge, Chalmers, Imperial, Institut Française du Pétrole, Munich, National Taiwan University, Oxford, Rome, Stanford, Texas A&M, Utrecht)   Defacto inter-university consortia   Opening 2010
  • d) The nation-state: branding and cultivating export earnings 27
  • d) The nation-state: branding and cultivating export earnings 28
  • 29
  • e) Regionalism, interregionalism, higher ed and research
  • Geoeconomic “Echoes” of Bologna 31
  • f) Collectively constructing a global (Western?) audit culture 32
  • 33
  • 34
  • Global audit culture and non-traditional security studies 35
  • 36
  • National- International 37
  • 2) Denationalization (aka globalization from the ground up; from the inside out)   The process of   Development at all reorientation from the scales increasingly national and framed globally, and in a international to the multi-scalar way for global multiple objectives.   Denationalization   We are contributing to process is initiated/ the construction of enabled: globalization   Within our universities   We are constructing the   Within the nation-state global higher education (e.g., a ministry of education or international space, albeit unevenly trade) via:   Within other sub-national   Action/engagement national and institutions   Non-action/non- (e.g., a national association engagement of universities)   Within regional and   Denationalization is a international institutions tendency, not an end goal 38
  • 3) Discussion Points 1.  In which ways is the emerging global higher education landscape marked by tendencies of inclusion and/or exclusion? 2.  Is collective global action (as opposed to, or in conjunction with, regional and inter-regional cooperation) worth pursuing? Are we obligated to pursue it? Does the relative absence of an influential intergovernmental player in HE (UNESCO and OECD notwithstanding) leave more or less room for non- governmental players (i.e. you)? 3.  If not (i.e. the status quo option), what is likely to happen? Bilateralism? Interregionalism? A “thousand flowers bloom”? More pronounced uneven development? In short, is convening important IAU-sponsored events like this one enough? 4.  If so: a)  Who should be around the table? Associations, networks or specialists? The nation-state? The private sector? Specific universities? IOs? b)  What organizational structure should be adopted? A new or integrated multi- sited infrastructure? Hub and spoke? Perhaps a temporary high profile “Global Commission”? c)  What foci? Generic or specific issues? Systemic governance versus policy/ program issues? Proactive or reactive? Higher education and/or research? Undergraduate or graduate education? Knowledge and the knowledge economy? d)  What resources are needed to do it well? Do we also need to do more at extracting and better sharing knowledge and skills already available within our universities? Capabilities… 39