Critical Reasoning Skills        LC 0918 / 0518         AY 2011/12            Week 7
Today’ Focus:            !!"#$%&                  &!!()*+,&-+&#(,./0+1-*20   &   !!3045.(60&(070(0+6)+,&       !!8)+9!/-::...
CA 2: PART A (ESSAY – 20%)                         !"#$%&$(#&)*++&#,-$&.+,/$&*0&1$$-&23&                                  ...
CA 10: Part B                     (Discussion Café – 50%)                      !"#$%&$(#&)*++&#,-$&.+,/$&*0&1$$-&2<&=&2>& ...
How to Begin?                !"#$%&(%)&$*+,&-*#.(!"*/&             !! !"#$#%&"#"($)*#%$+$#"+,$%-$.$/,+01$23$     !! 4(+)*5...
QUESTIONS TO ASK YOURSELVES    !! D+#$B+*$+77"*$+5$+$("568#$%-$#)5E$    !! D+#$!""#$+*;$$%#$"F"B#5$?)88$#"("$G"E$    !! D+...
When sourcing…  !! H",",G"(<$%*8)*"$)*-%(,+#)%*$)5$IJK$+8?+95$     +BB6(+#"$%($#(6"$  !! L8?+95$B"B>$#+#$9%6($5%6(B"$)5$("...
CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
Introduction                            is a statement of purpose,                        (The Thesis)                    ...
A view point expressed (what)                                  Supported by reason / reasons. (why)CRS Unit 4: Writing an ...
What is “argument”?            Reason why you agree or disagree with the issue        !! For the introduction,           -...
What is “preview of arguments”?  !! Introduction of selected arguments    !! i.e. preview of arguments  !! Note each argum...
What makes up the argument?  !! Each argument requires:     !! One reason for your stand     !! One or more supporting det...
What is a Stand?
A Stand…  Must have the following:  •! can be defended.  •! is not based on subjectivity of personal     feelings.  •! is ...
So what is “stand”?          Statement that you agree or disagree with the issue         !! There’s no middle ground in an...
Which is a valid stand?  1.! Are youths inculcated with good values?  2. Youths need to be inculcated with good      value...
Which is a valid stand?  1.! Marijuana should be considered illegal.  2. Selling Marijuana in public places should      be...
Which is a valid stand? 1.! I cannot take the MRT as only a bus     would take to directly to my home. 2.! I love taking c...
!! You can persuade others to agree with how you feel by writing       an argumentative essay   !! Let’s explore how such ...
An effective Argumentative Essay has !! a series of arguments, plus    !! counter-arguments and    !! RebuttalsCRS Unit 4:...
What is a Counter-Argument?  !! An argument given by someone who disagrees with your         stand.  !! A counter-argument...
Why Counter-argue?CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
How to Counter-argue?  !! Imagine a disbelieving reader who is able to     !! identify a problem with your argument or    ...
How to Counter-argue? !! The counter-argument should be        !!      Clear so that the reader understands easily        ...
The RebuttalCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
What is a Rebuttal?"! #&40()04&57&(0-45+4&:5)+*+,&5.1&=<>&1<0&-(,./0+14&   57&>5.(&5::5+0+1&!"#$%&()*(+$,%&-.-(0&?044&   6...
Argumentative Essay Format                                  What it Looks LikeCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
Argumentative Essay:Basic Format   !! Introduction      !! Hook      !! Background      !! Stand      !! Preview of 3 Argu...
Argumentative Essay Format                                  The ConclusionCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
How to Conclude?             !!      Restates your stand             !!      Summarises your arguments             !!     ...
CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
Title--why do you need one?   !! Introduces the topic of discussion   !! Generates reader interestCRS Unit 4: Writing an A...
Creating a Title   !! Attention Grabbing        !! Offering a provocative image        !! Using words or examples offered ...
Considering Titles      Which would be the best title for an article on “Solutions to the                          problem...
Activity Time!!! In your groups.!! Go to Eliser!! Select an issue for your CA 10.!! Choose your topic from the following:#...
Formulating an Issue       Eliser                Database     News, current         1. Opposing    Affairs and Social     ...
WHEN YOU COME BACK (WEEK 12)  1.! You should have already done some kind of research on      your own  2.! Everyone should...
Critical reasoning week 7.ppt”
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Critical reasoning week 7.ppt”

921

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
921
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Critical reasoning week 7.ppt”"

  1. 1. Critical Reasoning Skills LC 0918 / 0518 AY 2011/12 Week 7
  2. 2. Today’ Focus: !!"#$%& &!!()*+,&-+&#(,./0+1-*20 & !!3045.(60&(070(0+6)+,& !!8)+9!/-::)+,&
  3. 3. CA 2: PART A (ESSAY – 20%) !"#$%&$(#&)*++&#,-$&.+,/$&*0&1$$-&23& ;<)4&)4&-+&4!54645789&:;&!! You will individually research the issue you and your group has decided on !! Your essay should be 300 – 500 words long !! your research and your stand and your conclusion should be your own. !! You are allowed to bring in notes and your research materialsCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  4. 4. CA 10: Part B (Discussion Café – 50%) !"#$%&$(#&)*++&#,-$&.+,/$&*0&1$$-&2<&=&2>& ;<)4&)4&-&?@"A.&B@$($0#,C"0& !! Your group will present its research and conclusions in class. !! You will now need to forward a group viewpoint on the issue you have chosen. Support your argument with evidence and be prepared to take questions from the class and tutor. !! This is not an oral presentation. !! Your group‘s aim is to convince the audience of your collective viewpoint. Think about how you can do this as effectively as possible.CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  5. 5. How to Begin? !"#$%&(%)&$*+,&-*#.(!"*/& !! !"#$#%&"#"($)*#%$+$#"+,$%-$.$/,+01$23$ !! 4(+)*5#%(,$%*$+*$)556"$#+#$+77"+85$#%$9%6($&(%67$!! :%%5"$5%,"#)*&$9%6$+("$)*#"("5#";$)*<$%($5%,"$9%6$+("$ -+,)8)+($+*;$+="$>*%?8";&"$%-1$ !! :%,"$67$?)#$+$-"?$)556"5$9%6@("$("+889$>""*$%*1$!! A(+5"$#"$)556"$)*$+$?+9$#+#$,+>"5$)#$+(&6,"*#+#)="$+*;$ )*#"("5#)*&$ !! :%*568#$?)#$8"B#6("(C5"">$+77(%=+8$%-$)556"$CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  6. 6. QUESTIONS TO ASK YOURSELVES !! D+#$B+*$+77"*$+5$+$("568#$%-$#)5E$ !! D+#$!""#$+*;$$%#$"F"B#5$?)88$#"("$G"E$ !! D+#$"F"B#$?)88$)#$+="$%*$&#&(&#)%*+E$ !! D+#$"F"B#$?)88$)#$+="$%*$#"$,%-&*.E$ !! D+#$"F"B#$?)88$)#$+="$%*$+"/&01.E$ !! D+#$"F"B#$?)88$)#$+="$%*$%6($(%*)0+E$ !! D+#$"F"B#$?)88$)#$+="$%*$12030/""-.435"*&1&/+43 0(&6"-01437&!%5"604312038"6*#<$"#B1E$CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  7. 7. When sourcing… !! H",",G"(<$%*8)*"$)*-%(,+#)%*$)5$IJK$+8?+95$ +BB6(+#"$%($#(6"$ !! L8?+95$B"B>$#+#$9%6($5%6(B"$)5$("8)+G8"$M$ $"&1$"5#+G8)5";$?()#"(5<$+B+;",)B5<$("5"+(B"(5<$ 7%8)#)B)+*5$%*$#"$)556"<$)*$#"$-%(,$%-$#")($G%%>5$%($ ?"G5)#"5$ !! N%$*%#$78+&)+()5"<$+8?+95$O6%#"$9%6($5%6(B"5$+*;$ ("="+8$#"$5%6(B"$%-$)*-%$ !! D)>)7";)+$)5$IJK$#"$G)G8"P$
  8. 8. CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  9. 9. Introduction is a statement of purpose, (The Thesis) intent, or main idea; it is also known as the stand of the author. Body Main Argument (series of (reasons for Thesis) reasons) Conclusion Summarise (Reiterate Thesis)CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument CRS Unit1: Reading Critically
  10. 10. A view point expressed (what) Supported by reason / reasons. (why)CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  11. 11. What is “argument”? Reason why you agree or disagree with the issue !! For the introduction, - list only the 3 strongest reasons why you agree or disagree with the issue !! They should be brief.CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  12. 12. What is “preview of arguments”? !! Introduction of selected arguments !! i.e. preview of arguments !! Note each argument has to be: !! a short phrase !! to-the-point
  13. 13. What makes up the argument? !! Each argument requires: !! One reason for your stand !! One or more supporting details e.g. !! example !! explanation !! research finding/ expert opinion/ statistics !! anecdote !! comparison and/ or contrast !! Remember you need three arguments for the essay bodyCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  14. 14. What is a Stand?
  15. 15. A Stand… Must have the following: •! can be defended. •! is not based on subjectivity of personal feelings. •! is a statement (usually in a sentence) and not a question. •! must be coherent.CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  16. 16. So what is “stand”? Statement that you agree or disagree with the issue !! There’s no middle ground in an argumentative essay so your stand has to be a “yes” or “no” i.e. !!I agree that domestic helpers should be given a day off or !!I disagree that domestic helpers should be given a day offCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  17. 17. Which is a valid stand? 1.! Are youths inculcated with good values? 2. Youths need to be inculcated with good values .CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  18. 18. Which is a valid stand? 1.! Marijuana should be considered illegal. 2. Selling Marijuana in public places should be considered illegalCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  19. 19. Which is a valid stand? 1.! I cannot take the MRT as only a bus would take to directly to my home. 2.! I love taking cabs.CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  20. 20. !! You can persuade others to agree with how you feel by writing an argumentative essay !! Let’s explore how such an essay can written for the issue: Globalization is a bane and not a boon. !! The following slides will illustrate the process of writing the essay Expressing your OpinionCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  21. 21. An effective Argumentative Essay has !! a series of arguments, plus !! counter-arguments and !! RebuttalsCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  22. 22. What is a Counter-Argument? !! An argument given by someone who disagrees with your stand. !! A counter-argument is an opposing argument that goes against your: !! stand !! argumentsCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  23. 23. Why Counter-argue?CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  24. 24. How to Counter-argue? !! Imagine a disbelieving reader who is able to !! identify a problem with your argument or !! provide an alternative argument that makes more sense to him or her.CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  25. 25. How to Counter-argue? !! The counter-argument should be !! Clear so that the reader understands easily !! Brief so that you can rebut the counter-argument more effectively and !! Supported by some evidenceCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  26. 26. The RebuttalCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  27. 27. What is a Rebuttal?"! #&40()04&57&(0-45+4&:5)+*+,&5.1&=<>&1<0&-(,./0+14& 57&>5.(&5::5+0+1&!"#$%&()*(+$,%&-.-(0&?044& 65+2)+6)+,@&/)41-A0+&5(&=0-A&"! 45&1<-1&>5.&6-+&B:(520C&1<-1&>5.(&2)0=&)4&1<0&D0E0(& 5+0&"! ;<)4&4<5.?9&75??5=&D0<)+9&-&"5.+10(!#(,./0+1F&"! G1&4<5.?9&D0&D-6A09&=)1<&4.::5(*+,&901-)?4&CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  28. 28. Argumentative Essay Format What it Looks LikeCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  29. 29. Argumentative Essay:Basic Format !! Introduction !! Hook !! Background !! Stand !! Preview of 3 Arguments !! Body !! Argument 1 !! Argument 2 !! Argument 3 !! Counterargument & Rebuttal !! Conclusion !! Restate stand !! Restate 3 argumentsCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  30. 30. Argumentative Essay Format The ConclusionCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  31. 31. How to Conclude? !! Restates your stand !! Summarises your arguments !! Presents possible consequence(s) of contradicting your stand These should be stated in different words from the introduction.CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  32. 32. CRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  33. 33. Title--why do you need one? !! Introduces the topic of discussion !! Generates reader interestCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  34. 34. Creating a Title !! Attention Grabbing !! Offering a provocative image !! Using words or examples offered in the body or conclusion !! asking a question !! Don’t be too generalCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  35. 35. Considering Titles Which would be the best title for an article on “Solutions to the problem of road rage”? Road Rage Can’t Drive 55 Road Rage: Curing Our Highway EpidemicCRS Unit 4: Writing an Argument
  36. 36. Activity Time!!! In your groups.!! Go to Eliser!! Select an issue for your CA 10.!! Choose your topic from the following:#! Youth#! Globalization#! Media#! Science & Technology CRS Unit 1: Issues and Conclusion
  37. 37. Formulating an Issue Eliser Database News, current 1. Opposing Affairs and Social Viewpoints Issues Resource Centers Or 2. Resource Centers 3. Global Issues in Context
  38. 38. WHEN YOU COME BACK (WEEK 12) 1.! You should have already done some kind of research on your own 2.! Everyone should bring their computers to class 3.! Have their 3 points of argument, 1 or 2 counter arguments + rebuttal 4.! If you need help, email lena.ng.31@gmail.com
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×