The Middle Class 10 th Grade American History Learning Target: Explain the effects of the emergence of a middle class and its impact on leisure, art, music, literature, and other aspects of culture.
A Higher Standard of Living
Could afford more products, modernized homes and clothing
Some women began to work outside of the home
Public transportation allowed wealthier families to move out of the city
Public facilities became more available
Health increased=longer life
Sometimes referred to as the “Victorian Era.”
Women’s clothing was extremely heavy and layered-very hot!
Focused on the female figure-ie the corset
EVERYTHING had to be covered! Even the ankles!
Depending on what type of hat you wore, determined what class you belonged to.
Pants were called “trousers”
Evening coats had “tails”
Catalogs=Order from home!!!!
Middle class women could order items for the home and for the family from catalogs
Shipping increased as transportation improved
Literature and the Arts
Novelists explored harsh realities of life in America.
Focused on exposing slums, poor conditions, discrimination, and morality
Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, etc.
Aschan School of Painting
Represented the vitality of city life
Used graphic designs
Unlike more traditional paintings
There’s a BIG difference here! Van Gogh’s paintings were NOT popular at this time!
More Americans could read by the late 1800's/early 1900's
Newspapers and Literature
Public education became available
Kindergarten was established
Taught skills to be used in industry
Many middle class women went to school to become teachers, nurses, and social workers
Many separate schools were created for African-Americans
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
Baseball, horse racing, boxing, football
Due next Tuesday! (one week!)
What is the middle class like today? Make a “photograph” to compare and contrast how the middle class today appreciates art, music, sports, leisure, and literature as opposed to the past. Your “photograph” must contain at least 10 items.
You must also include a brief 2 paragraph essay explaining the difference in living and working conditions for the middle and immigrant classes.