Spanish American War
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Spanish American War

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  • 1. Spanish-American War
    • 10 th grade Social Studies
  • 2. Learning Target: *Trace the development of the U.S. As a world power with emphasis on: A. the Spanish-American War B. U.S. Imperialism in the Far East, South Pacific, Caribbean and Central America
  • 3. From Expansion to Imperialism
    • Growing desire for new U.S. markets
    • Wanted to invest in and trade with foreign markets
    • Captain Alfred T. Mahan-the U.S. must sell in a foreign market-needed strong Navy to protect that market
    • A strong Navy would need colonies for overseas naval bases
    • Which type of Imperialism is this?
  • 4. Continued
    • Many Americans had renewed patriotic fervor and wanted to expand American glory throughout the world.
    • We had a moral obligation to spread Christianity.....White Man's Burden?!
    • According to Reverend Josiah Strong in 1885: “Americans were a special, God-favored Anglo-Saxon race who served as the representatives of the purest Christianity, the highest civilization. Americans have an instinct or genius for colonizing and should thus follow their imperial destiny to lift up other societies...”
  • 5. The debate over Imperialism
    • Many believed it was necessary for U.S. prosperity
    • Others were wary of Imperialism
      • Did not want to compete with Europe in Africa and Asia
      • Trade should not lead to control
      • May weaken institutions at home
      • Invite war
      • Violate the American idea of “self-determination”
  • 6. Revolution in Cuba
    • The Cuban people wanted independence from Spain
    • Identified the plight with American Revolution
    • Attraction of sugar plantations
    • Americans put a tariff on sugar-hurt Cuban economy (aka Spain)
  • 7. Cuban Revolution
    • A revolution was launched by Cubans in the U.S.
    • Many Cuban citizens were forced into horrible camps during the revolution
    • ¼ of the Cuban population died in the camps
    • America kept a close watch
      • Investments
      • Conditions in camps sensationalized
      • Started to become angry with Spain
  • 8. President William McKinley
    • Elected president in 1896
    • Wanted to avoid war
    • Platform=claims to Hawaii and the Virgin Islands; Cuban Independence
    • Ordered the battleship “Maine” into Havana Harbor in Cuba to show concern and protect U.S. interests
  • 9. Maine Disaster!
    • The “Maine” was blown up in Havana Harbor, killing 260 Americans
    • In response to the tragedy, headlines in American papers called for revenge: “Remember the Maine”
    • There was never any evidence to prove who blew up the ship
    • Americans blamed Spain
    • (in 1976 it was found that a faulty boiler may have caused the explosion....oops)
  • 10. Yellow Journalism
    • Journalists pushed for military action
    • Sensational headlines and stories, with little attention to facts, designed to grab the attention and stir up the emotions of readers
    • Hearst and Pulitzer
      • Many stories were fabricated
  • 11. McKinley Calls for war...
    • Political and Public pressure
    • (And now for a song...)
    • War began in the Philippines-U.S. Defeated the Spanish with the help of Emilio Aguinaldo
    • Many African-Americans fought in Cuba
    • Rough Riders
      • “ Teddy's Terrors”
      • Embodied the spirit of war
      • Stormed San Juan Hill
  • 12. The “Splendid Little War”
    • Besides yellow fever, and many soldiers dead from food poisoning... .
    • The treaty of Paris gave independence to Cuba, and gave the U.S. Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines
    • U.S. developed the Platt Amendment for Cuba
    • America would also eventually control Hawaii and Samoa
  • 13. Be a Yellow Journalist
    • Using the ideas of “Imperialism,” create a piece of yellow journalism about an event in the U.S. past or present. It must include the following:
      • A sensational headline
      • A “shocking” photograph or drawing
      • A one-two paragraph article about the event
      • The article should focus on the most shocking, sensational, or emotional aspects of the event.