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  1. 1. Immigration 10 th Grade Social Studies Impact of Immigration on Industrialization
  2. 2. Learning Targets <ul><li>I can EXPLAIN the different types of immigrants that came to the U.S.
  3. 3. I can DESCRIBE the living and working conditions for immigrants that lived in the U.S.
  4. 4. I can EXPLAIN the hardships and discrimination felt by immigrants.
  5. 5. I can RELATE immigration to urbanization. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Instructions <ul><li>In this activity you will use a variety of slides that will introduce you to European immigration into the United States between 1865 and 1915. You will be expected to view and write down information. You will assume the roles of European immigrants and record journal entries from the immigrant's perspectives on your on-line blogs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Great Migration <ul><li>This chart shows the percent of immigrants that came to the U.S.
  8. 8. From 1860-1921, a record-setting 23 million immigrants arrived in the U.S.
  9. 9. Early on the U.S. had no quotas, or limits on immigration
  10. 10. Before 1880-”old”
  11. 11. After 1880-”new”
  12. 12. Little education, poor, young, laborers
  13. 13. All had high hopes </li></ul>
  14. 14. Push and Pull Factors <ul><li>What is this a picture of?
  15. 15. Many immigrants came for economic reasons
  16. 16. In the late 1800's, the agriculturally based economies of many European towns declined as a result of the Industrial Revolution
  17. 17. Disasters and diseases caused migration
  18. 18. Political and Religious persecution in Eastern Europe
  19. 19. The lure of life in America </li></ul>Double-click to add graphics
  20. 20. Blogging 101 <ul><li>Before leaving for the U.S., immigrants typically had emotional farewells with the people they were leaving behind. While some people hoped to return or to eventually bring other family members to the U.S., many were uncertain that they would ever see their loved ones again.
  21. 21. Give yourself an immigrant name!
  22. 22. What European nation are you leaving?
  23. 23. IDEA!: Record your reasons for leaving your homeland on your blog! </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Journey Across the Atlantic <ul><li>Steamships
  25. 25. Most traveled in steerage compartments
  26. 26. Crowded, smelly, and dirty
  27. 27. Living conditions were uncomfortable, close to inhumane
  28. 28. Scarce supplies of food
  29. 29. Disease
  30. 30. Later on....a third class </li></ul>
  31. 31. Arrival in America <ul><li>Ellis Island became the main processing place for immigrants
  32. 32. Excitement when landed
  33. 33. Statue of Liberty </li></ul>
  34. 34. Legal Inspections <ul><li>Registration
  35. 35. Immigrants went through Iron rails before being questioned
  36. 36. Determine whether they would be permitted into the U.S.
  37. 37. Many names spelled incorrectly
  38. 38. By 1921, many were denied access to the U.S. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Blogging 101 <ul><li>IDEA!: Describe your thoughts and feelings upon arriving at Ellis Island. What was it like to be processed through Ellis Island? What was your journey like? </li></ul>
  40. 40. Ethnic Enclaves <ul><li>2/3 of immigrants settled in urban areas
  41. 41. Lived in ethnic communities
  42. 42. Many stayed with friends and family that had already arrived in the U.S.
  43. 43. Native languages, food, customs, etc. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Living Conditions <ul><li>Cities were ill-equipped to handle the material needs of their increasing populations
  45. 45. Streets filled with waste
  46. 46. Decent housing was scarce
  47. 47. Tenement housing
  48. 48. Common to share a 3 bedroom apartment with 14-20 people
  49. 49. Fire, disease, and death were common
  50. 50. Rural conditions-somewhat better than urban </li></ul>
  51. 51. Blogging 101 IDEA!: Tell where you settled and describe your living conditions there.
  52. 52. Working Conditions <ul><li>Many worked in factories
  53. 53. Cheap source of labor
  54. 54. About 80% of immigrants were either semi-skilled or unskilled laborers
  55. 55. Worker exploitation
  56. 56. Long hours and low pay
  57. 57. 108 hour week was common </li></ul>
  58. 58. Americans Treatment of Immigrants <ul><li>Native born Americans and assimilated immigrants viewed new immigrants with a combination of fear, hostility, and suspicion.
  59. 59. Nativism-belief that immigrants posed a threat to native-born Americans
  60. 60. Prejudices
  61. 61. “ taking away jobs”
  62. 62. Southern and Eastern seen as “inferior”
  63. 63. Wanted laws restricting immigration </li></ul>
  64. 64. Blogging 101 IDEA!: Describe native-born Americans' reactions to you. What are your working conditions like here?
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