Immigration 10 th Grade Social Studies Impact of Immigration on Industrialization
I can EXPLAIN the different types of immigrants that came to the U.S.
I can DESCRIBE the living and working conditions for immigrants that lived in the U.S.
I can EXPLAIN the hardships and discrimination felt by immigrants.
I can RELATE immigration to urbanization.
In this activity you will use a variety of slides that will introduce you to European immigration into the United States between 1865 and 1915. You will be expected to view and write down information. You will assume the roles of European immigrants and record journal entries from the immigrant's perspectives on your on-line blogs.
The Great Migration
This chart shows the percent of immigrants that came to the U.S.
From 1860-1921, a record-setting 23 million immigrants arrived in the U.S.
Early on the U.S. had no quotas, or limits on immigration
Little education, poor, young, laborers
All had high hopes
Push and Pull Factors
What is this a picture of?
Many immigrants came for economic reasons
In the late 1800's, the agriculturally based economies of many European towns declined as a result of the Industrial Revolution
Disasters and diseases caused migration
Political and Religious persecution in Eastern Europe
The lure of life in America
Double-click to add graphics
Before leaving for the U.S., immigrants typically had emotional farewells with the people they were leaving behind. While some people hoped to return or to eventually bring other family members to the U.S., many were uncertain that they would ever see their loved ones again.
Give yourself an immigrant name!
What European nation are you leaving?
IDEA!: Record your reasons for leaving your homeland on your blog!
The Journey Across the Atlantic
Most traveled in steerage compartments
Crowded, smelly, and dirty
Living conditions were uncomfortable, close to inhumane
Scarce supplies of food
Later on....a third class
Arrival in America
Ellis Island became the main processing place for immigrants
Excitement when landed
Statue of Liberty
Immigrants went through Iron rails before being questioned
Determine whether they would be permitted into the U.S.
Many names spelled incorrectly
By 1921, many were denied access to the U.S.
IDEA!: Describe your thoughts and feelings upon arriving at Ellis Island. What was it like to be processed through Ellis Island? What was your journey like?
2/3 of immigrants settled in urban areas
Lived in ethnic communities
Many stayed with friends and family that had already arrived in the U.S.
Native languages, food, customs, etc.
Cities were ill-equipped to handle the material needs of their increasing populations
Streets filled with waste
Decent housing was scarce
Common to share a 3 bedroom apartment with 14-20 people
Fire, disease, and death were common
Rural conditions-somewhat better than urban
Blogging 101 IDEA!: Tell where you settled and describe your living conditions there.
Many worked in factories
Cheap source of labor
About 80% of immigrants were either semi-skilled or unskilled laborers
Long hours and low pay
108 hour week was common
Americans Treatment of Immigrants
Native born Americans and assimilated immigrants viewed new immigrants with a combination of fear, hostility, and suspicion.
Nativism-belief that immigrants posed a threat to native-born Americans
“ taking away jobs”
Southern and Eastern seen as “inferior”
Wanted laws restricting immigration
Blogging 101 IDEA!: Describe native-born Americans' reactions to you. What are your working conditions like here?