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Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
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Civil Rights


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  • 1. Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>Benchmark F: 14
  • 2. Changes in goals and tactics
  • 3. Learning Target: </li><ul><li>Analyze the origins, major developments, controversies
  • 4. and consequences of the
  • 5. civil rights movement
  • 6. Brown vs. Board of Education
  • 7. Changes in goals and tactics of leaders
  • 8. Movements to gain justice </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Segregation <ul><li>“The separation of black and white”
  • 10. Jim Crow Laws </li><ul><li>Enforced segregation in the South
  • 11. Plessy vs. Ferguson stated that “separate but equal was indeed equal and allowed by law.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The North was even segregated and had subtle forms of discriminating blacks
  • 12. Blacks were significantly poorer and uneducated than whites
  • 13. Blacks in the South were kept from voting, despite the 15 th amendment. </li></ul>
  • 14. Amendments! <ul><li>13 th Amendment
  • 15. 14 th Amendment
  • 16. 15 th Amendment </li><ul><li>How were these violated by segregation and discrimination at the polls? </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Brown vs. Board of Education <ul><li>Significance: OVERTURNED PLESSY VS. FERGUSON </li><ul><li>Challenged “separate but equal”
  • 18. Supreme Court decided that “separate but equal” is NOT equal </li></ul><li>Desegregated Schools
  • 19. Not an easy process... </li><ul><li>Most southerners and southern schools refused to enforce integration
  • 20. KKK revival and white anger
  • 21. Little Rock Nine </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. Fighting for Rights <ul><li>Rosa Parks
  • 23. Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • 24. Martin Luther King Jr.-rising as a leader
  • 25. Non-violent protest </li><ul><li>What does that mean?
  • 26. What other “leaders” have used this method? </li></ul></ul>
  • 27. The “Minister” <ul><li>Organized and assisted many rights groups
  • 28. Southern Christian Leadership Conference </li><ul><li>Nonviolent resistance </li></ul><li>Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee </li><ul><li>Sit-ins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freedom Riders </li><ul><li>End segregation in public interstate travel
  • 29. Northern based </li></ul><li>March on Washington </li><ul><li>I have a dream
  • 30. Led to passage of CRA of 1964 </li></ul></ul>
  • 31. Violence among Non-violence <ul><li>Freedom Summer </li><ul><li>A campaign to register African American voters
  • 32. White northerners
  • 33. Focus on Mississippi
  • 34. Protesters faced violence </li></ul></ul>
  • 35. Freedom March from Selma <ul><li>King led a march from Selma to Montgomery in order to register black voters
  • 36. Turned into a protest when voters were beaten
  • 37. “Bloody Sunday” </li></ul>
  • 38. It's no longer non-violent... <ul><li>Black Power </li><ul><li>Argued that blacks should mobilize to gain power
  • 39. Violence with violence </li></ul><li>Malcolm X </li><ul><li>Nation of Islam
  • 40. Black separatism
  • 41. Black Panther Party </li><ul><li>Seale and Newton </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 42. Other groups want rights too! <ul><li>United Farm Workers
  • 43. American Indian Movement
  • 44. National Organization for Women </li></ul>
  • 45. Create a New Amendment! <ul><li>You have learned all types of new amendments and legislation passed during the Civil Rights Movement!
  • 46. is your turn to create a piece of legislation that will “change” America today! </li></ul><ul><li>What will it do?
  • 47. How will it affect Americans?
  • 48. Why do you believe we need this amendment?
  • 49. What will be the long-terms effects? </li></ul>