Citizenship Rights And Responsibilities


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Citizenship Rights And Responsibilities

  1. 1. Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities 10 th Grade Social Studies
  2. 2. Learning Targets <ul><li>I can explain how government policies are shaped by different groups (ex. Political parties, interest groups, media, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>I know how civil disobedience is different from other types of dissent and protest. </li></ul><ul><li>I can explain the limits that are placed on our rights. </li></ul><ul><li>I can give examples of instances in history when people's rights were restricted. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Bill of Rights <ul><li>Our rights and freedoms under the law have changed and developed over time. Freedom comes with responsibility!!! </li></ul><ul><li>One of the cornerstones of our government is the first amendment=freedom of speech, press, assembly, and religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill of Rights guarantees our rights. </li></ul>
  4. 4. It’s Important… <ul><li>Citizens influence government policy through political parties, special interest groups, lobbyists, and the media. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who practice civil disobedience work outside the political system to bring about change. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual rights are limited by the government in order to protect the common good. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Groups <ul><li>Special Interest Groups: organizations dedicated to pressuring the government to pass laws in their favor. </li></ul><ul><li>Political Action Committees: contribute large sums of money to political campaigns. </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbyists: individuals who represent special interest groups. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Civil Disobedience <ul><li>Working within the system doesn’t always get the work done! </li></ul><ul><li>Willful actions against established injustices to force change. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry David Thoreau, National Women’s Party, Martin Luther King Jr., Vietnam Protestors, Conscientious objectors of WWI. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Do not break any law you dislike…only the ones that lead to injustice…” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Balancing Rights and Responsibilities <ul><li>Our rights come with expectations that citizens will learn about public issues, choose candidates wisely, and give something back to the community </li></ul><ul><li>We have the right to act as we please, but in ways that do not interfere with the liberty of others. </li></ul><ul><li>Even the Bill of Rights has limits! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Limits <ul><li>Schenck vs. United States (1919). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ free speech would not protect a man falsely shouting ‘Fire!’ in a crowded theater and causing panic…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Schenck was caught urging men to refuse the draft during WWI. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Violated the Espionage Act </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interfered with Military recruiting during a time of danger </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There can be exceptions to the right of free speech, such as in the time of war, when the safety and social welfare of the nation is at stake </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Clear and Present Danger <ul><li>Speech cannot cause illegal action </li></ul><ul><li>People should be free to speak on almost any topic they choose, but laws prohibiting speech as well as actions that present a clear and present danger to the government or to public safety have been upheld in courts. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Libel and Slander <ul><li>Giving away national secrets, lying under oath, libel (ruining other people’s reputations by writing or speaking lies about them), are considered infringements on other’s rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Slander is spoken! </li></ul><ul><li>Libel is written or oral statements! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Compelling Government Interest <ul><li>Allows government to restrict individual rights in order to protect and serve the common good. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has dealt with everything from affirmative action to terrorist activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Patriot Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Response to 9/11 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakens unlawful search and seizure and the guarantee of due process </li></ul></ul>