Test Review Presentation (TOEFL iBT)Presentation Transcript
TOEFL iBT ReviewJacob, Takako, Christie and Aiko
Test of English as a ForeignLanguage• Tests all four skills• Accepted at more than8500 institutionsworldwide• Costs $140 - $250• Takes about 4 hours
• University study - Internationally• Placement into programs• Employment requirements• Personal progressWhy Take the TOEFL?
• Register• Go to testing site• Ensure test security• Take test on computerHow is it administered?
Test Items• Takes about 6 - 18 months• Item writers experienced in teaching English,diverse backgrounds• Item Writing Guidelines:§ clear, coherent, acceptable level of difficulty§ do not require background knowledge§ contain sufficient testable content§ align with ETS fairness Guidelines• Items reviewed by assessment specialists
sample itemshttp://www.ets.org/toefl/ibt/prepare/sample_questionsWriting Section: Independent QuestionDirections:Read the question below. You have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise youressay. Typically, an effective response will contain a minimum of 300 words.Question:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?Good teachers are more important to a child’s development than good parents.Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
• Reading and Listening:automated scoring• Writing and Speaking:human raters and automated scoring(automated rating only implemented with IndependentWriting task)How its scored
• Item Response Theory (IRT)• Generalizability Theory (G-theory)Reliability
ValidityProposition EvidenceTest contentrepresentative ofacademic contextReviews of research &empirical studiesPerformance relatedto criteria ofproficiencyRelationship betweenscores, placements,assessments, etc
Student Reactions to TOEFLTest taker:24 year-old Native Korean Speaker in MIISESL programLong, difficult (topic, vocabulary)Speaking would be hard even in his firstlanguagesomewhat user-friendly but still hard tofigure some things out
Accessibility• Worldwide!Usefulness & Practicality• Measures the four skills• Speaking major components of test• Emphasis on academic contextReputation• Accepted in more than 8,500 colleges, agencies andother institutionsSurvey Quote: "I can easily relate the classroom/campustalks to real life situations"Strengths
Washback• Teaching to the test steadily decreasingAcademic Performance• Predictive strength not yet thoroughly explored studyTest Item Format• Reading section requires navigating the passage to getto questions• Listening section directionsFace Validity• 15 seconds to reflect and 30 seconds to speakSurvey Quote: "The only problem is this is a reallyexpensive test to take," "I got disturbed...during thespeaking section"Weaknesses