Overview of UNDP/UNESCO-IOC GEF CLME Project

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Integrated management and sustainable development of ecosystems and environmental living and non-living resources is a major challenge for governments. Their decision making, planning, and policy development, on local, national, regional and world-wide scales require a solid base of updated, complete and reliable data on environment and ecosystems, including biodiversity, and needs to comply with strict conditions with respect to quality, consistency and continuity.Currently, monitoring of environment and ecosystems is mostly irregular and scattered, covers a wide range of purposes, designs and needs, and almost always depends on the availability of external project funding. Furthermore, access to existing data and its integration over time and space, is difficult for various reasons, such as the reluctance to share data, and the fact that different methods and technologies are being used for measurements and observations.

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Overview of UNDP/UNESCO-IOC GEF CLME Project

  1. 1. Overview of UNDP/UNESCO-IOC GEF CLME Project Wageningen, 21 June, 2012
  2. 2. Sustainable Management of the Shared Living Marine Resources of the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem & Adjacent Regions• Participating States -23 GEF- Eligible countries and 2 Associated countries• Timeline: May, 2009 –April, 2013• GEF Focal Area: International Waters• Financing: GEF $7M ; co-financing $45M• Implementing Agencies: UNDP & UNESCO-IOC• Executing Agency: UNOPS
  3. 3. GOAL Sustainable provision of goods and services by the shared living marine resources of the WCR OBJECTIVE Sustainable management of the shared living marine resources of the CLME through an integrated management approach that will meet WSSD targets for sustainable fisheries SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES To identify, analyze and agree upon major issues, root causes and actions required to achieve sustainable management of the shared LMR in the CLME. To improve the shared knowledge base for sustainable use and management of transboundary LMRTo implement legal, policy and institutional reforms to acheive sustainable transboundary living marine resources management.To develop an institutional and procedural approach to LME level monitoring, evaluation and reporting
  4. 4. CLME Geographic Scope
  5. 5. Ecosystem Approach to Management• CLME project advocates using ecosystem approaches to management: The ecosystem approach is a strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way to reach a balance between conservation, sustainable use and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilisation of genetic resources (CBD, 1992) – Ecosystem approach to fisheries management – Ecosystem-based management
  6. 6. Key Fisheries Ecosystems of CLME Project• Reef Ecosystem Biodiversity & Fisheries• Continental Shelf Fisheries• Pelagic Fisheries
  7. 7. Key Transboundary Issues• Unsustainable exploitation of resources• Pollution• Habitat degration and community modification
  8. 8. CLME Project Components Finalized• Transboudary Diagnostic Assessments Under Dev.• Pilot Projects and Case Studies• Development of a proposed Regional Governance Under Dev. Framework• Development of an IMS/REMP Initiated• Strategic Action Programme Under Dev.• Project Management Ongoing
  9. 9. Transboundary Diagnostic Assessments, TDA• Scientific and technical process of fact-finding (or diagnosing) the state of, and threats to, international waters – Identify, quantify and set priorities for environment problems – Identify immediate underlying root causes for environmental problems
  10. 10. Casual Chain Analysis• Causal Chain Analysis traces the cause-effect pathways from the socioeconomic and environmental impacts back to its root causes.• Understanding the linkages between issues affecting the transboundary aquatic environment and their causes, stakeholders will be better placed to support sustainable and cost-effective interventions.
  11. 11. Causal Chain Analyses ACTIONS OF CLME SAPenvironmental & root socio-economic causes impacts
  12. 12. Pilot Projects and Case Studies• Utilize best available information, including credible science-based assessments, in reviewing and strengthening governance/management and policy processes. – Spiny lobster pilot project (OSPESCA) – Reef fishery and reef biodiversity pilot project (UNEP- CAR/RCU) – Shrimp & groundfish case study – (FAO) – Case study on the Eastern Caribbean flyingfish – (CRFM) – Case study on the Large pelagic fishery – (CRFM)
  13. 13. What is a Strategic Action Programme? • Negotiated policy document • Endorsed at the highest level of all relevant sectors • Establishes clear priorities and commitments for action to resolve the priority problems identified in the TDA • Undertaken prior to the development of technical assistance, capacity-building, or investment projects
  14. 14. the SAP development process & TDA guidance Vision for the Wider Caribbean C EcoQOs: 3 ecosystem fisheries, 3 problems O Key + Socio-economics (Societal Benefits) NProblems S Strategic Directions defined U L T Root Priority Actions selected ACauses September – T October 2012 I = draft SAP assembled O November 2012 N Final Draft sent to National Focal Points for review/comments December 2012 P SAP approved by CLME Steering Committee R January 2013 O C Endorsement @ ministerial level, all countries April 2013 E S
  15. 15. Policy Cycle ANALYSIS AND ADVICEREVIEW AND DATA AND DECISIONEVALUATION INFORMATION MAKING IMPLEMENT- ATION
  16. 16. LME Governance Framework Global marine policy cycleGlobal Caribbean Sea regional policy cycleRegional Tourism Biodiv- Fisheries Land- ersityNational Trans- based portation pollutionLocal Climate change adaptation Climate change adaptation
  17. 17. Need for a High Level Science-Policy Interface Target IGOs ACS/CSC CARICOM SICA OECS Science policy interface Major governance gap OSPESCA TNC Integrated monitoring GAME WECAFC and reporting Caribbean component UNEP ECLAC CARICOMP Other contributor Other ICOIN contributor Data and information contributors
  18. 18. The role of contamination (LBS) within the CLME Project• Eg. - Shrimp and ground-fish case study• Participating countries: Brazil, French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela and Trinidad & Tobago• Objective: Review and complete the TDA gap filling activities as a basis for the preparation of the SAP..• TDA identified land-based pollution as a priority transboundary issue for this ecosystem.
  19. 19. Shrimp and Groundfish Governance Assessment Findings concerning LBS• The regional arrangement is new but well established, but there is no subregional arrangement. This may mean that the subregional issues are underserved by the regional arrangement.• This Subregion is part of an overall Wider Caribbean Region regional process. Only three countries have ratified the LBS Protocol. Only Trinidad and Tobago is preparing an NPOA.• Brazil is not a member of the CEP and as such not party to the Convention & Protocol.• Amazon river has a major influence on the Caribbean Sea
  20. 20. Policy cyle IMS-REMP 21
  21. 21. DIAGRAM IMS/REMP USERS SEARCHES/QUERIES PORTAL/INTERNETIMS METADATA GIS-RDMS TABLE HIPERLINKS WEBSITES | ARCHIVES | PUBLICATIONS | MAPS | TABLES | GROUPS | EVENTS DATA – INFORMATION IMPLEMENTATION CLME/SAP IN SITU ECOSYSTEMS MONITORING BIODIVERSITYREMP REMOTE ENVIRONMENT SOCIO-ECONOMY/ FISHERIES EFFORTS
  22. 22. CTA general• encourage sound natural resource management in ACP countries• provide access to information and knowledge• facilitate policy dialogue• strengthen the capacity of agricultural and rural development institutions and communities• focus on policy processes, value chains, information, communication and knowledge management
  23. 23. CTA approaches• training and capacity building• information provision• market development• role of science and technology• needs and requirements• for all levels
  24. 24. CTA 2011-2015• multi-stakeholder policy dialogue• national, regional and international• food and nutritional security• climate change impacts• regional trade and markets• role of innovation• role of ICT technology• all-encompassing• enable dialogue• convey key policy messages• provide a platform for learning
  25. 25. Questions• What is or could be the position of CTA in relation to CLME and the ecosystem approach to a regional policy cycle of governance?• What is the potential role that CTA could play contributing to an improvement of regional policy cycles through CLME?• What is required at the national and (sub)-regional level to attain effective and inclusive policy cycles?• How can the relation between CTA and CLME best be developed and implemented?
  26. 26. More information CLME and IMS/REMP: E-mail : PatrickD@unops.org Or visit us at www.clmeproject.org

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