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Chapter 12 ppt to post

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Transcript

  • 1. Konica LuthraMedical TerminologyNervous SystemSuffix: -Plegia(Paralysis), -esthesia(feeling, sensation)
  • 2. a disruption of the nervous system leading to an impairment of motor function and/or feeling to a particular region or regions of the body.
    Paralysis can be complete or partial
    Plegia(Paralysis)
  • 3. Most paralysis is due to strokes or injuries such as spinal cord injury or a broken neck. Other causes of paralysis include
    Nerve diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    Autoimmune diseases such as Guillain-Barre syndrome
    Bell's palsy , which affects muscles in the face.
    Some severe Reasons
  • 4. Paralysis of the lower half of your body, including both legs, is called paraplegia.
    Paralysis of the arms and legs is quadriplegia.
    Example –Plegia(paralysis)
  • 5. Paraplegia describes completeor incomplete paralysis affecting the legs and possibly also the trunk, but not the arms.
    Paraplegia is the result of damage to the cord at T1 (Thoracic level 1) or below.
    Reporting Paraplegia
  • 6. Any disease process affecting the corticospinal or pyramidal tracts of the spinal cord from the thoracic spine downward may lead to paraplegia.
    These tracts are responsible for movement or the "instructions" for movement from the brain.
    Relates to Nervous system
  • 7. It is a mental responsiveness and awareness.
    Word with –esthesia: Hyperesthesia
    Hyper+ -Esthesia = excessive sensation
    Suffix- Esthesis( feeling, sensation)
  • 8. is a condition that involves an abnormal increase in sensitivity to stimuli of the senses.
    can include sound that one hears, foods that one tastes, textures that one feels etc.(wikipedia)
    Reporting Hyperesthesia
  • 9. Sensation of touch in the absence of stimuli
    Perception of pain to a light touch
    Increased sensitivity to a painful stimulus
    Symptoms of Hyperesthesia
  • 10. Reflex sympathetic osteodystrophy
    A syndrome characterized by severe burning
    pain in an extremity accompanied by
    sudomotor, vasomotor, and trophic changes in
    bone without any related nerve injury.
    Severe cause
  • 11. Analagesics
    Antidepressants
    Anticonvulsants
    Thanks
    Treatments