Intro Research

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  • Students will be at different stages in understanding how to research. Activity 1.1.2 will help you determine which area of research to focus on.
  • The Activities in this lesson is more of the secondary kind.
  • Intro Research

    1. 1. Forging new generations of engineers
    2. 2. Introduction to Research
    3. 3. “ Basic research is what I am doing when I don’t know what I am doing?” – Werner von Braun father of the United States space program
    4. 4. What is Research? Research is the systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. “ We undertake research when we wish to explore an idea, probe an issue, solve a problem, or make an argument that compels us to turn to outside help.” – MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 5 th Edition by Joseph Gibaldi
    5. 5. There are two types of research: Types of Research <ul><li>Primary Research </li></ul><ul><li>generating original information </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Research </li></ul><ul><li>gathering information that has already been generated </li></ul>
    6. 6. Primary Research <ul><li>Is original research </li></ul><ul><li>Generates up-to-date information </li></ul><ul><li>Includes methods such as observation, experiments, surveys, and interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzes, synthesizes, and evaluates all information and data </li></ul>
    7. 7. Primary Research <ul><li>Advantages : </li></ul><ul><li>Is directly applicable to the need </li></ul><ul><li>Can result in extremely detailed, accurate, and relevant information or data </li></ul><ul><li>Can result in new information that cannot be found in secondary sources </li></ul><ul><li>Results in expert knowledge </li></ul>
    8. 8. Primary Research <ul><li>Disadvantages : </li></ul><ul><li>Is time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Requires extensive planning </li></ul><ul><li>Can be expensive </li></ul><ul><li>May depend on the participation of unreliable sources for results </li></ul>
    9. 9. Secondary Research <ul><li>Requires searching information that other researchers have already collected, analyzed, and reported </li></ul><ul><li>Includes published works: books, journals, magazines, newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Includes unpublished works: business reports, operating manuals, masters theses, doctoral dissertations, web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Is the most commonly conducted type of research </li></ul>
    10. 10. Secondary Research <ul><li>Advantages : </li></ul><ul><li>Requires less time and little to no cost in comparison to primary research </li></ul><ul><li>Helps the researcher to either focus or expand his/her scope </li></ul><ul><li>Elicits a sense of credibility and authority in that it shows others that the researcher has done his/her homework </li></ul>
    11. 11. Secondary Research <ul><li>Disadvantages : </li></ul><ul><li>The researcher may have to sift through a tremendous amount of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all information sources are valid (i.e., internet web pages). </li></ul>
    12. 12. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Research Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Support faculty and students in their research efforts in college/university libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Have extensive collections of books and periodicals </li></ul><ul><li>Contain theses, dissertations, and other useful unpublished works </li></ul>
    13. 13. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most reliable published sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) has replaced the card catalog in most libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>Browsing library shelves may result in new sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Interlibrary loans result in more materials. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Magazine Databases include ProQuest, Electric Library, and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent related graphics may be discovered. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Reference Works </li></ul><ul><li>Indexes – guides to newspapers, magazines, and journals </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographies – related publications </li></ul><ul><li>Collections of Abstracts – journal articles </li></ul><ul><li>Guides to Research – American Library Association’s Guide to Reference Books </li></ul>
    16. 16. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Reference Works </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionaries – The Oxford English Dictionary, Webster’s Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedias </li></ul><ul><li>Biographical sources – Who’s Who </li></ul><ul><li>Yearbooks – Britannica Book of the Year </li></ul>
    17. 17. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Reference Works </li></ul><ul><li>Atlases – map collections </li></ul><ul><li>Gazetteers – geographic information </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical data sources – Statistical Abstract of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Almanacs – good for statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Books of quotations </li></ul>
    18. 18. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>ProQuest </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Library </li></ul><ul><li>Microfiche </li></ul>
    19. 19. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Films </li></ul><ul><li>Videos/DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>Audiotapes </li></ul>
    20. 20. Secondary Research Sources <ul><li>Internet Web Pages </li></ul><ul><li>Search Engines: Google, Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li>Associations, Organizations, Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Government Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Public Institutions: Museums, Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Anyone can invent information and put it on the internet. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Research Techniques <ul><li>Define and list your topic, project, or problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify key words of the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify all resources with which you are familiar that may provide information. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the Internet to conduct quick keyword searches and record the URL addresses. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Research Techniques <ul><li>Use what you’ve learned thus far to check libraries for books, periodicals, journals, and other reference works. </li></ul><ul><li>Contact schools, companies, and organizations in your local area to identify persons who are knowledgeable in your research topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Assemble your list of resources, and begin systematically exploring them. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Evaluating Information The quality of any source should be evaluated before using and citing its information. It is up to the researcher to differentiate between fact, opinion, and propaganda. Legitimately published sources contain the most reputable information.

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