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Free Software And Free Music
 

Free Software And Free Music

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Free Software and Free Music

Free Software and Free Music

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    Free Software And Free Music Free Software And Free Music Presentation Transcript

    • Free Software for Free Sound
      • Index
      • Free Software and Open Source
      • Why?
      • Arts and Free Software
      • Free Software and Linux for Audio and Music
      • Conclusions
    • What is Free Software?
      • Freedom 1: unlimited use for any purpose
      • Freedom 2: freedom to study and adapt to your own needs
      • Freedom 3: freedom to copy
      • Freedom 4: freedom to redistribute
      • Free (Libre) as in Freedom not as in Beer
      • Freedom is kept through the viral license policy (mainly GPL)
    • The Free Software Foundation
        The Free Software Foundation is founded in 1985 by Richard Stallman:
      • Free software is software that gives you the user the freedom to share, study and modify it. We call this free software because the user is free.
      • To use free software is to make a political and ethical choice asserting the right to learn, and share what we learn with others. Free software has become the foundation of a learning society where we share our knowledge in a way that others can build upon and enjoy.
      • The FSF campaigns for free software adoption and against proprietary software. Threats to free software include Digital Restrictions Management (DRM), Software Patents and Treacherous Computing. Find out more about our campaigns, and ways to volunteer.
    • Open Source
      • Open Source (OSI) is an initiative that starts in 1998 mainly because of personal differences between the founder of the FSF and OSI.
      • It abandons idealistic thinking related to Free Software and only promotes practical advantages related to being able to read the code of a piece of software.
      • As a result of that there are now about 50 approved different open source licenses, even some by Microsoft..
    • Names and Dates
      • Richard Stallman
      • Starts the GNU Project (1983)
      • Defines Free Software (1985)
      • Introduces the GPL (free software license) (1985)
      • Linus Torvald
      • Develops the Linux kernel (1991)
      • Eric Raymond
        • Founder of the Open Source Initiative (1998)
      • Technical/Practical advantages of FLOSS
      • Code is revised by many developers
      • Security (kerchoff's principle)
      • Estability
      • Collaborative effort of large communities
      • Price
      • Although interesting, there are even more important reasons...
      • FLOSS and Economy
      • Proprietary software by definition favors monopolies
      • that then extend to hardware
      • FLOSS does not kill software industry
      • FLOSS can be comercial
      • It promotes the culture of paying for services, not arbitrarily priced licences
      • Large companies like IBM or Novell are already basing part of their business around FLOSS
      • FLOSS and Education
      • Education should be worried about learning and learning is promoted through a free and open access to information (e.g. libraries)
      • Technology is more than a tool: it is a learning environment in itself
      • Within education we must present with several perspectives and favor criticism and dialog
      • University teaches how to learn not how to use a particular tool
      • Coding is not only for programmers but for scientists, artists, children...
      • FLOSS and Science
      • Scientific method depends in many senses on the free exchange of knowledge and ideas
      • Nowadays implementation is actually part of the result
      • Software is and should be considered in many cases like some other sort of publication
      • With Free Software we:
      • Facilitate for others to compare results
      • Preserve knowledge
      • Social and Ethical aspects
      • Access to software determines people's ability to:
      • Communicate
      • Educate
      • Work
      • Software should be considered as cultural heritage
      • Software will condition more and more the vision of the world new generations have
      • Who should control these aspects of society? A single
      • company? Two companies?
      • Art and Free Software
      • Piece of Art = Content + Techniques
      • In order to fully understand a piece of art we need to understand the techniques
      • Digital Piece of Art = Content + Techniques + System
      • In order to fully undertand a digital piece of art we also need to understand the system and be able to access it to the lowest level (code!)
      • Free Expression and Free Software
      • There is no Free Expression without control of the Tools you use (agnula.org)
      • Would Mozart have composed a line of music for an instrument he wasn't exactly sure what was doing internally or producing its sound?
      • Would Michelangelo have painted the Sixtine Chapel using a strange device that might have been recording his personal conversations while painting
      • An artist needs to be in full control of the tools (be able to modify, adapt, copy, redistribute...)
      • This can be done personally or through trusted technical staff
    • Digital Art Heritage
      • In order to preserve a digital piece of art we need to preserve the system
      • Systems that are closed and proprietary in general cannot be preserved
      • There are already key compositions in Computer Music that have already been lost because the original (closed) system cannot be reproduced
      • Digital Art Preservation = FLOSS
    • Creative Commons In music mainly Creative Commons Lisences are used to share and remix music. The Free Software Foundation has only approved two of the 6 available CC Licenses as being free: CC-BY v2.0 CC-BY-SA v2.0
    • Sound/Music vs. Video/Image
      • Due to amazing pressure by Record Industry (through RIAA, SGAE...) implementing a website such as Flicker or YouTube in the sound/music world is extremely difficult Artists are sometimes not even allowed to post their own content in their websites
      • See http://freesound.iua.upf.edu or http://www.ccmixter.org/
      • Linux and Audio
        There are plenty of applications, even distributions for Linux audio (visit linux­sound.org)
      • Kguitar
      • Amarok
      • Ardour
      • Rosegarden
      • Muse
      • Rosegarden
      • Planet CCRMA
      • Agnula
      • etc.
      • Linux and Audio
        Gnu/Linux has unique and outstanding features for
      • professional audio and music:
      • Low latency
      • Stability
      • Standard protocols
      • Very active community
      • ...
      • Free Software and Audio
      • So what about other platforms?
      • Most of the previous apps are compatible with Windows/OSX
      • But if you are not going to use proprietary software...
      • what is the point of not using Linux?
      • What Gnu/Linux?
      • Because the code of gnu/linux is available to everyone there are now many different Linux system available.
      • A few popular:
      • Ubuntu – a good distribution for beginners
      • Debian – where Ubuntu is based on
      • Fedora
      • Gentoo – for the more expierenced users
      • GnewSense – totally free Linux distro
      • Dynebolic (multi-media distro) Etc..
      • See: http://distrowatch.com/
      • (cd's can be ordered there at low costs, but you can also download all of these distro's from their original websites)
      • Links
      • http://www.linux-sound.org
      • http://www.opsound.org/
      • http://www.jamendo.com
      • Conclusions
      • Free Software = Open Source + Freedom
      • Freedom of Expression => Free Software
      • The future of digital arts is at stake
      • If you are convinced to use FLOSS there is no reason not to use Linux
      • If developing your own app. try to first see if you can build it out of an existing open framework.
    • License
      • This presentation is a remix of a presentation by Xavier Amatriain /University of California
      • It is available under this license:
      • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5/
      • The originial can be found here:
      • http://www.slideshare.net/xamat/free-software-for-free-sound-1824828