Appl Presentation Training Staff To Reach AudiencesPresentation Transcript
TRAINING YOUR STAFF TO REACH THEIR AUDIENCE: MAKING A RELEVANT CONNECTION CONFERENCE SESSION FOR APPL 2012Margie KleinNDOW Conservation EducatorCertified Environmental Educator & InterpreterLicensed Nevada TeacherMember, Nevada Storytelling GuildWinner of the 2011 Conservation Education Award from The Wildlife Society
Program description“Making that all-important connection to the audience isthe goal that every education and interpretation staff orvolunteer strives for. But how do you make a deeperconnection and why do you need to? The informationand instruction we give at our public lands can affectpeople’s lifelong attitudes. Reach your public landsvisitors in a relevant way by utilizing some methods fromenvironmental education, as well as some tips from formaleducators.”
Agenda – Connection – what is it and why do we want it? – How do we teach audience connection? – Training/teaching techniques • Planning • Communication • Delivery Methods – Who is our audience and how do we address them? • Learning Styles – Classroom Management – Tips to make it better – Assessment – Along the way… • Examples _____________________________________How do we relate audience connection to our staff? Through our training techniques.
“In the end, we will conserve only what we love; we will love only what we understand; and we will understand only what we have been taught.” - Baba Dioum
Tilden’s Ideas…• “Chief aim of interpretation is not instruction, but provocation.” (4th principle)• Provocation new information try new things critical thinking changing attitudes/behaviors• Provocation prompts a response• Provocation via connection
Connection – What? • Getting the audience to develop an awareness of or sensitivity to their surroundings • Our audiences need to be made aware of the resources we preserve / conserve.Environmental Ed precept #1: Awareness
Connection – Relevance to Whom? • How does it affect them? • Give information about where the resource came from or how it works. • So they can convey the significance of our resources.Environmental Ed precept #2: Knowledge
Connection – How? • Techniques • Give them the skills to find out more on their own • By relating information, they can help their audiences find out more and continue their interest.Environmental Ed precept #3: Skills
Connection – Why? • To get others to take action to protect our lands, if they so desireEnvironmental Ed precept #4: Action
E D U C A T I O Norigin of the word… educare (Latin) “to bring forth from within” Teaching is helping another person to learn new knowledge, skills, and attitudes.
Teaching Techniques• How to Communicate Effectively• How to Develop a Positive Classroom Style• How to Create an Exciting Classroom• How Students Learn• How to Teach Effectively• How to Manage the Classroom• How to Use Assessment
Getting Started• Preparations – Necessary for any expedition – Necessary for any worthwhile endeavor• Need to consider: – Date & time – Logistics (the site) – Materials needed – Followup
Materials / Supplies Teacher’s Kit The Lessons Displays Props Handouts Posters Presentation / electronic media Student supplies Giveaways / throwaways Exams & score sheets Certificates or cards of completion Emergency number …Snacks?
Planning the lesson(s) • Start with a topic • Do research / get background info • Make an outline / agenda – What are the elements you need? • Introduction, Supporting Evidence & Recommendations, Conclusion • Create a presentation • Write out a script • Gather materials • Rehearse
Planning the lesson(s) Lesson planning model: Warm-up Introduction Presentation Practice Evaluation Application
Gathering & organizing ideas • Identify the topic • Brainstorm the topic • Assemble related materials • Separate main and supporting ideas • Develop examples • Organize the lesson
It’s All About Communication “What weve got here is failure to communicate.” Captain, Road Prison 36 Cool Hand Luke
7 Keys to Effective Communication • Have confidence • Show genuine interest • Organize & clarify your ideas • Be clear about your purpose • Stay on topic • Use a questioning strategy • Listen twice, speak once
Start the minute they arrive • Welcome each individual • Smile, handshake, enthusiasm • Make a connection • Show interest • Focus on them • Get their name
The personal connection• Who are you? – Let your students get to know a little about you.• Keep the conversation limited – Give them a story they can relate to• Not storytelling hour – Not the place for tall tales or fish stories – Or your life story• Remember to ask them about themselves
Listen• Remember, we have two ears, one mouth• Give them a chance to ask questions – No such thing as a stupid question – Repeat their question so all can hear – Ask others for their input
Clear & correct ideas• Make sure you know your ideas ahead of time• Stay on topic• Guide any discussions• Gently correct misconceptions• State facts• If you don’t know the answer, tell them• Don’t make things up• Be “in” the moment
The “parking lot”• In-depth discussions can take place outside of the classroom
A Positive ExperienceUse a positive communication style
Positive vs. negative styles Positive Negative Welcoming Cold Friendly Doesn’t listen to others Interested Arrogant Patronizing Genuine Unsure Confident
Verbal communication The way you speak Tips: Think before you speak Choose neutral and understandable language Vary the tone of your voice Restate questions Allow student feedback
Nonverbal communication The way you act Tips: Eye contact Smile Open gestures Be relaxed but confident Move around the classroom
Use 7 principles of instruction • Encourage student – instructor interaction • Encourage cooperation • Encourage active learning • Give prompt feedback • Emphasize time on task • Communicate high expectations • Respect different learning styles
Being fair and objective• Leave your personal opinions at home• A teacher is a facilitator of learning• Not the place for war stories, brags, or sermons
Downplay the negative messaging• “You can” works better than “Do not”
4 guidelines• Make it exciting• Be practical• Find out how things work• Use technology
The “Hook” No!
Use props• Equipment• Accessories• Safety items• Demonstrations• Displays• Posters• Pictures
Other materials• Handouts• Examples• Giveaways• Throwaways
The instructor!• Apparel• “Flair”• Acting out a part
Using technology: be prepared • What’s available? • Do you know how to use it? – Try it out • Back-up plan if it doesn’t work…
Addressing the Ways Students Learn
Learning StylesLearning styles are the means by whichlearners extract information from theirsurroundings through the use of their fivesenses. How will they learn what you have to teach?
4 main learning styles: VAKT • Visual: “I can see it.” Academic • Auditory: “I can hear it.” • Kinesthetic: “I am doing it.” Practical • Tactile: “I am touching it.”
Techniques for the 4 styles • Visual – Note-taking – Presentations – Body language
Techniques for the 4 styles • Auditory – Lectures – Discussions – Speakers – Speaking methods • tone of voice • repetition • questioning
Techniques for the 4 styles • Kinesthetic – Hands-on – Moving – Sharing – Volunteer for participation
Techniques for the 4 styles • Tactile – Handling items – Interacting with objects – Taking things apart
Each student or every student? • Include some of each in every class: – Reading materials – Lecture – Displays – Videos – Discussions – Hands-on demonstrationsUse a combo of techniques to cover all learning styles – Practice sessions
Teaching Techniques & Strategies Direct instruction Guided Instruction- Grab their attention -Discussion sessions- Tell them what they need to -Case studies know -Learning centers- Model concepts & skills- Check understanding -Simulations- Tie things together -Practical applications- Apply new knowledge
Focus • Follow agenda & goals • Stay on topic • Guide discussions • Keep pace • Control distractions“Tell them what they need to know, tell them again,then ask them what you told them.”
Pacing• Check the time• Check the agenda• Try to keep on schedule• Wrap up or add a discussion to speed up or slow down• Flexibility ok – address goals
Utilizing “flow”What is it?
Student feedbackChecks for understandingEncourages participationConnects student – teacher - material
Teachable moments• Take advantage of spontaneous occurrences – Something unexpected • May illustrate a concept • Gets students to think • Adds to understanding – The AHA moment • They GET it
What can you do?• Set up the classroom so you can see what’s going on• Tell students what they’ll be doing ahead of time• Move around the class to check student interactions• Have rules for movement in and out of the classroom and for behavior• Stick to the rules• Monitor results and adapt techniques
Assessment• Who / What • When / How – The students – Before class – The course – At the beginning of – The instructors class – During class – At the end of class – After class Assessment = Evaluation
Have they acquired the following? • Awareness • Knowledge • Skills • Ability to take action A combination oftechniques assesses all of these.
Pre-test / Post-test How much do you know about the subject before the class? How much have you learned from the class? A survey of knowledge
Question & Quizas you go along Tell them, tell them again, then ask them what you told them. Checking comprehension
Practical experience “Tell me and Ill forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and Ill understand.” Chinese proverbHelp me to do it. Checking application of knowledge to skills
Evaluation• Let your students tell you: – How was the site? – How was the overall atmosphere? – How did the teaching techniques work? – Were the props / handouts useful? – Did they learn what they expected to learn? – Did they learn something new?
Retrofit• Instructors review: – Logistics • Classroom set-up • A/V materials – Content • What went well • What didn’t work • Student comprehension – Classroom management problems – Communication MAKE CHANGES
Final thoughts…• Pump up the Connection – Teaching Tips – Storytelling Secrets – Polishing the Performance
Final thoughts…• Build the Excitement – Market – Advertise – Get the word out
“Teachers have the power toencourage or discourage their students.” Aim for the … AHA! moment
Front-line communicators• Remember, YOU represent your agency!