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Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
Wto ppt
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Wto ppt

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  • 1. John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White at the Bretton Woods Conference
  • 2. •Agreement on Agriculture (AoA)•General Agreement on Trade in Services(GATS) V•Trade-Related Aspects of IntellectualProperty Rights Agreement(TRIPs) S•Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS)Agreement•Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade(TBT)
  • 3. Established: 1st January 1995.Created by: Uruguay Round negotiations (1986-94).Budget: 185 million Swiss francs for 2008.Secretariat staff: 625.Head: Pascal Lamy (Director-General).Membership: Countries on map. 153 countries (on23 July 2008).New member: Ukraine
  • 4. Albania · Angola · Antigua and Barbuda · Argentina · Armenia · Australia · Bahrain · Bangladesh · Barbados · Belize · Benin · Bolivia · Bots Albania · Angola · Antigua and Barbuda · Argentina · Armenia · Australia · Bahrain · Bangladesh · Barbados · Belize · Benin · Bolivia · Botswana · Brazil · Brunei · Burkina Faso · Burma · Burundi · Cambodia · Cameroon · Canada · Cape Verde · Central African Republic · Chad · Chile · PR China · Colombia · Democratic Republic of the Congo · Republic of the Congo · Costa Rica · Côte dIvoire · Croatia · Cuba · Djibouti · Dominica · Dominican Republic · Ecuador · Egypt · El Salvador · European Union¹ · Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) · Fiji · Gabon · The Gambia · Georgia · Ghana · Grenada · Guatemala · Guinea · Guinea-Bissau · Guyana · Haiti · Honduras · Hong Kong² · Iceland · India · Indonesia · Israel · Jamaica · Japan · Jordan · Kenya · South Korea · Kuwait · Kyrgyzstan · Lesotho · Liechtenstein · Macau² · Madagascar · Malawi · Malaysia · Maldives · Mali · Mauritania · Mauritius · Mexico · Moldova · Mongolia · Morocco · Mozambique · Namibia · Nepal · New Zealand · Nicaragua · Niger · Nigeria · Norway · Oman · Pakistan · Panama · Papua New Guinea · Paraguay · Peru · Philippines · Qatar · Rwanda · St. Kitts and Nevis · St. Lucia · St. Vincent and the Grenadines · Saudi Arabia · Senegal · Sierra Leone · Singapore · Solomon Islands · South Africa · Sri Lanka · Suriname · Swaziland · Switzerland · Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu³ · Tanzania · Thailand · Togo · Tonga · Trinidad and Tobago · Tunisia · Turkey · Uganda · Ukraine · United Arab Emirates · United States · Uruguay · Venezuela · Vietnam · Zambia · Zimbabwe
  • 5. PRINCIPAL OF TRADING•Non-Discrimination.•Reciprocity.•Binding & enforceablecommitments•Transparency•Safety valves.
  • 6. WTO CONFERENCES•WTO Ministerial Conference of1996 Singapore•WTO Ministerial Conference of1998 Geneva in Switzerland.•WTO Ministerial Conference of1999 Seattle, Washington
  • 7. WTO CONFERENCES•WTO Ministerial Conference of2001 Doha, Qatar•WTO Ministerial Conference of2003 Cancún, Mexico•WTO Ministerial Conference of2005. Hong Kong
  • 8. Advantages of WTO.•Freer trade cuts the cost of living•It gives consumers more choice, & a broader range ofqualities to choose from.•Trade raises incomes.•Trade stimulates economic growth, & that can be goodnews for employment•The basic principles make the system economically moreefficient, & they cut costs.•The system allows disputes to be handledconstructively.•A system based on rules rather than power makes lifeeasier for all.
  • 9. Disadvatage of WTO•The WTO dictates policy•The WTO is for free trade at any cost•The WTO destroys jobs, worsens poverty•Small countries are powerless in the WTO•Weaker countries are forced to join the WTO•The WTO is the tool of powerful lobbies•Non-tariff barriers•Competition
  • 10. Please clarify urDoubt ………

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