Kimberly Sheard Elisa Lopez Sarah Griffiths Sarah Adams Emilia Magallanes
Through the roles of PUBLIC SERVICE… Serving the community by enforcing the laws, nursing the sick back to health, providing a sensible form of entertainment with skill and proficiency, fighting for what the public in their community desired through politics, or introducing society to life and history through poetry. These women made an impact…
MARY ELIZA MAHONEY ANNE BRADSTREET HILLARY CLINTON BESSIE COLEMAN ALICE STEBBINS WELLS
Anne Bradstreet (1612-1672) The first female American poet to be published Puritan woman who defied the norms of the time to follow her passion
Her first poems were published sometime after emigrating to America
She is one of only four women to have works published during this time period.
Upon returning to England, her brother had her poems published there as well.
Her motivation and dedication as a professional nurse had a significant impact on the field, which opened the doors to new possibilities and opportunities for African-American women everywhere. Mary Eliza Mahoney 1878 :First African American woman admitted into a nursing program First African American Nurse in the United States in 1879
In 1831:William Lloyd Garrison, a prominent founder of the American Anti-Slavery Society created an abolitionist newsletter in Boston called The Liberator. This event advocated "immediate and complete emancipation of all slaves" in the United States·
After graduating, Mahoney registered to work as a private-duty nurse.
Her professionalism helped raise the status of all nurses. As her reputation spread, Mahoney received requests from patients as far away as New Jersey, Washington, D.C., and North Carolina.
In 1930 the number of African American women in nursing had more than doubled, four years after Mahoney’s death.
Since her appointment, policewomen have been assigned to duties in patrol, delinquency prevention, investigations, and many other areas. Alice Stebbins Wells Became the United States first female to be designated a policewoman with arrest powers on September 12, 1910
October of 1911: three more policewomen and three police matrons were added to the department.
This introduced the concept that women are regular members of the municipal police departments, and are particularly well-qualified to perform protective and preventive work among juveniles and female criminals
Her determination, accomplishments inspired many African Americans toward aviation. 1940s: Tuskegee Airmen of Alabama- black men who trained and fought against race “to become one of the best fighter squadrons of World War II. BessieColeman First African American female pilot 1921:First African American to obtain a international pilot license Public Service of Entertainment -Joined the “Flying Circus” in 1922
1917: World War I- many black men join the Army and were sent to France
“During World War I, many black troops were eager to fight but most provided support services. Only a small percentage were actually involved in combat. Yet, the African American presence in France--helping in any capacity--often elicited overwhelming gratitude from the French.”
Coleman’s brothers returned from France after World War I. Began to brag about French woman having occupations in aviation.
John ( her brother) joked to Coleman that black women would never be pilots like the French women. That was the day Coleman decided she was to become a pilot.
All white pilots in Chicago refused to train her.
There were no black pilots at the time
1920-1921: Coleman trained in France to become a pilot and received an
Fédération Aéronautique Internationale License in Sept. 1921
The only opportunity for her was in the flying circus, so she returned to France for more training, to learn tricks in Feb. of 1922
Sept. 3: Coleman - “first public flight of a black woman in this country” There was a range from 1,000 to 3,000 spectators, during her first exhibition, although she did no tricks, she simply flew the plane. After two successful appearance she was said to be “the world’s greatest woman flyer.”
She did countless exhibition, proving she had mastered flying and most aviation tricks all over the U.S. including Chicago, Texas, and California
“She died during a routine test flight in April 1926 before she could realize that dream.”
Hillary Clinton 67th U.S. Secretary of State Arkansas' Woman of the Year in 1983 Named one of the top 100 lawyers by the "National Law Journal" in 1988 and 1991. The only First Lady to compete for a Senate seat and to win in the state of NY
In conclusion, these women overcame discrimination through their respective public services, whether it was, as a policewoman, pilot, nurse, politician, or poet. Furthering the possibilities, and creating a common association between women and such professions of public service.
Works Cited Susan MuaddiDarraj, Mary Eliza Mahoney and the Legacy of African American Nurses (Chelsea Home Publishers, 2005) Joyce Ann Elmore, Nurses in American History: Black Nurses: Their Service and Their Struggle (Willams and Wilkins, 1976) Historic Black Women (Empack Enterprises, 1984) DuBois, Ellen Carol. Through the Eyes of Women. Bedford/St. Martins. New York: 2009. pp. 488 African American Odyssey: World War I and Post-War society. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart7.html Rich, Doris L.Queen Bess: daredevil avaitor.Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1993.Pg. 10, 15, 51 Dubois, Ellen and Dumenil, L. 2009. Through Women’s Eyes: An American History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins. P. 454. Jesilow, Paul and Parsons, Deborah. 2001. In the Same Voice: Women and Men in Law Enforcement. Santa Ana: Seven Locks Press. P. 34-35. Heidensohn, Frances. 1992. Women in Control? : The Role of Women in Law Enforcement. New York: Oxford University Press Inc. P. 45 Horne, Peter. 1975. Women in Law Enforcement. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas. P. 18-19 Schulz, Dorothy. 2004. Breaking the Brass Ceiling. Westport: Praeger Publishers. P. 47 Hillary Clinton’s Accomplishments. 2000. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/hillary-clinton-accomplishments.html http://www.wic.org/bio/hclinton.htm Pictures from google