Technical Seminar
Presented by :
Kishore Chandrahas Vanam
(09B81A0432)
• Introduction
• History
• Technology
• Features
• Limitations
• Future Scope
• References
• Conclusion
The “Nokia Morph” is a theoretical future device
based on NANOTECHNOLOGY that might enable
future communication devices.
M...
Nanotechnology
Sensing
Nanoscale
Grass
Features of Morph
Concept :
Self-Cleaning
Transparent-
Electronics
Haptic-Surface
W...
 The concept of NOKIA MORPH has been introduced to
the global world at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in
New York City f...
NANOTECHNOLOGY means
“The science, engineering and
technology related to the
understanding and control of
matter at the le...
ASSUME 10000 TRANSISTORS ON A HAIR…
 Nanostructure of morph is similar to this.
NANOGRASS, NANOSENSORS, NANOFLOWERS, NANO...
1) Sensing
2) Haptic Surface
3) Self-cleaning
4) Advanced Power Sources
5) Stretchable Electronics
6) Transparent Electron...
1. SENSING
OBSERVE OUR LOCAL ENVIRONMENT THAT INCLUDES
ANALYZING POLLUTIONS ,TEMPERATURE etc.
NANOSENSORS CONSTRUCT A COMP...
ECO SENSOR CONCEPT
NOKIA 3110 EVOLVE
ECOSENSOR CONCEPT
CONSISTS OF TWO PARTS
1) A WEARABLE SENSOR
UNIT THAT CAN
ANALYZE LO...
2. HAPTIC SURFACE
Touch sensitive and responsive [haptic] surface of NOKIA morph is provided
by large area sensing surface...
A water droplet beads up on a lotus leaf due to the hydrophobic
nanostructures
Double roughening of a hydrophobic
surface,...
Enhanced energy density batteries (quicker recharge ).
Polymer CNT composites with controlled conduction, nanotube
enhance...
NANOGRASS
NANOGRASS is used for harvesting solar power.
NOKIA developed a full solid state flexible DYE
SENSITIZED SOLAR C...
5. STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS
Stretchable electronics structure to allow device
form factors.
The nanoscale structure of the ...
NANOWIRE LITHOGRAPHY
Ni
NanoWire Lithography (NWL) uses NanoWires (NWs)
as etch masks to transfer their one-dimensional
mo...
ZnO NANOWIRES ACT AS
FLEXIBLE TACTILE ARRAYS.
A nanoscale mesh of fibers similar to spider silk controls the stretching
wh...
The whole electronic circuit inside NOKIA morph is entirely transparent.
Nanoscale electronics becomes invisible to the ...
7. WEARABLE DEVICE
 Can be used a watch or a band.
 THE INITIAL MANUFACTURING COST IS VERY HIGH.
 THE EXPECTED MARKET PRICE IS AROUND
Rs 60000/-.
 CONVENTIONAL DSSCs PROV...
THE SHAPES COULD BE MADE MUCH MORE SIMPLER LIKE IN
RING SHAPE.
MORPH IN OPEN MODE COULD ACT AS A KEYBOARD FOR
PC’s.
According to the developers, using nanotechnology can
lead to low cost manufacturing solutions as well as
adjustable, emp...
http://research.nokia.com/files/insight/NTI_Nanoscience_-_Dec_2008.pdf
http://www.nnin.org/doc/2004NNINreuNicole.pdf
http:...
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Transcript of "Morph latest"

  1. 1. Technical Seminar Presented by : Kishore Chandrahas Vanam (09B81A0432)
  2. 2. • Introduction • History • Technology • Features • Limitations • Future Scope • References • Conclusion
  3. 3. The “Nokia Morph” is a theoretical future device based on NANOTECHNOLOGY that might enable future communication devices. Morph also demonstrates how future mobile devices might be stretchable, flexible, transparent and self cleaning.
  4. 4. Nanotechnology Sensing Nanoscale Grass Features of Morph Concept : Self-Cleaning Transparent- Electronics Haptic-Surface Wearable-Device Recycling Stretchable Spider-Silk
  5. 5.  The concept of NOKIA MORPH has been introduced to the global world at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City from February 24 to May 12 of 2008 as part of the "Design and the Elastic Mind" exhibition.  The concept emerged through collaboration between Nokia Research Center and Cambridge University Nanoscience Center in the UK. HISTORY
  6. 6. NANOTECHNOLOGY means “The science, engineering and technology related to the understanding and control of matter at the length scale of approximately 1 to 100 nanometers”. NANOTECHNOLOGY allows control of physical properties of nanostructures and devices with single molecule precision.
  7. 7. ASSUME 10000 TRANSISTORS ON A HAIR…  Nanostructure of morph is similar to this. NANOGRASS, NANOSENSORS, NANOFLOWERS, NANOSCALE MESH…etc ARE THE NANOTECHNOLOGIES USED INSIDE NOKIA MORPH.
  8. 8. 1) Sensing 2) Haptic Surface 3) Self-cleaning 4) Advanced Power Sources 5) Stretchable Electronics 6) Transparent Electronics 7) Wearable Device
  9. 9. 1. SENSING OBSERVE OUR LOCAL ENVIRONMENT THAT INCLUDES ANALYZING POLLUTIONS ,TEMPERATURE etc. NANOSENSORS CONSTRUCT A COMPLETE AWARNESS OF THE USER CONTEXT –BOTH PERSONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENABLING AN APPROPRIATE AND INTELLIGENT RESPONSE. INORDER TO IMPROVE SENSOR AND SIGNAL PROCESING CHARACTERISTICS NOKIA INTRODUCED NANOWIRE LITHOGRAPHY (NWL) PROCESS THAT FABRICATES A LARGE AREA AND SELF ALIGNED 3D ARCHITECTURES.
  10. 10. ECO SENSOR CONCEPT NOKIA 3110 EVOLVE ECOSENSOR CONCEPT CONSISTS OF TWO PARTS 1) A WEARABLE SENSOR UNIT THAT CAN ANALYZE LOCAL ENVIRONMENT AS WELL AS PERSONS HEALTH. 2) THE SECOND PART IS A POWER EFFICENT MOBILE PHONE.
  11. 11. 2. HAPTIC SURFACE Touch sensitive and responsive [haptic] surface of NOKIA morph is provided by large area sensing surfaces using piezoelectric nanowire arrays. ZnO nanowires are used to produce the piezoelectric nanowire arrays. Buttons on the device surface are real 3D forms.
  12. 12. A water droplet beads up on a lotus leaf due to the hydrophobic nanostructures Double roughening of a hydrophobic surface, on the submicron and nanometer scale, creates superhydrophobicity. 3. SELF CLEANING NANOFLOWER The surface of morph is superhydrophobic that makes it extremely dirt repellent. Nanostructured surface known as nanoflowers that naturally repel water, dirt and even finger-prints is used here. NANOSTRUCTURED SURFACE
  13. 13. Enhanced energy density batteries (quicker recharge ). Polymer CNT composites with controlled conduction, nanotube enhanced supercapacitors and nano composite solar cells etc acts as the power sources. Nanoenhanced dielectrics  as separator and high power capacitors. Energy harvesting from RF using wideband antennas and using nano electro mechanical (NEM) method. Microwatt level energy harvesting from waste energy in the air. 4. ADVANCED POWER SOURCES
  14. 14. NANOGRASS NANOGRASS is used for harvesting solar power. NOKIA developed a full solid state flexible DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL (DSSC) using ZnO Nanostructures which act as photovoltaics For this purpose.
  15. 15. 5. STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS Stretchable electronics structure to allow device form factors. The nanoscale structure of the electronics enables stretching. Nanoscale internal structures controls the elasticity. INSIDE ELECTRONICS AT STRETCHABLE MODE.
  16. 16. NANOWIRE LITHOGRAPHY Ni NanoWire Lithography (NWL) uses NanoWires (NWs) as etch masks to transfer their one-dimensional morphology to an underlying substrate. The method relies on electrochemical deposition and selective chemical etching. CONSTRUCTION OF NANOWIRE LITHOGRAPHY Ni
  17. 17. ZnO NANOWIRES ACT AS FLEXIBLE TACTILE ARRAYS. A nanoscale mesh of fibers similar to spider silk controls the stretching when device is folded. Fibril proteins are woven into a three dimensional mesh that reinforces thin elastic structures. NANOSCALE FIBRES STRENGTH OF SPIDER SILK
  18. 18. The whole electronic circuit inside NOKIA morph is entirely transparent. Nanoscale electronics becomes invisible to the human eye. 6. TRANSPARENT ELECTRONICS
  19. 19. 7. WEARABLE DEVICE  Can be used a watch or a band.
  20. 20.  THE INITIAL MANUFACTURING COST IS VERY HIGH.  THE EXPECTED MARKET PRICE IS AROUND Rs 60000/-.  CONVENTIONAL DSSCs PROVIDES UNSTABILITY RELATED TO SOLVENT LEAKAGE AND EVAPORATION
  21. 21. THE SHAPES COULD BE MADE MUCH MORE SIMPLER LIKE IN RING SHAPE. MORPH IN OPEN MODE COULD ACT AS A KEYBOARD FOR PC’s.
  22. 22. According to the developers, using nanotechnology can lead to low cost manufacturing solutions as well as adjustable, empowering devices, bringing us new, versatile possibilities. These mobile devices will be flexible, stretchable and shape changing, so that they can be easily integrated in our everyday routines without special adjustments on our part.
  23. 23. http://research.nokia.com/files/insight/NTI_Nanoscience_-_Dec_2008.pdf http://www.nnin.org/doc/2004NNINreuNicole.pdf http://research.nokia.com/files/PIMRC07-1169.pdf http://nanoindia.blogspot.com/2007/03/nanograss.html
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