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Right to information act

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  • 1. Right to Information Act Transparency, Accountability, & Better Governance Submitted By-Kirit Kene Submitted to-Prof.Y.A.LAD
  • 2. • The Right to Information Act (RTI) is an Act of the Parliament of  India to provide for setting out the practical regime of right  to  information  for  citizens"  and  replaces  the  erstwhile  Freedom of information Act, 2002. • RTI  applies  to  all  States  and  Union  Territories  of  India  except Jammu & Kashmir. • Any citizen may request information from a "public authority"  (a body of Government or "instrumentality of State") which  is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days. • The  Act  also  requires  every  public  authority  to  computerise  their  records  for  wide  dissemination  and  to  proactively  certain  categories  of  information  so  that  the  citizens  need  minimum recourse to request for information formally. • Introduction
  • 3. Intro. Conti….. • This  law  was  passed  by  Parliament  on  15  June  2005  and  came fully into force on 13 October 2005. • It  is  an  initiative  taken  by Department  of  Personnel  and  Training, Ministry  of  Personnel,  Public  Grievances  and  Pensions to provide a– RTI  Portal Gateway to the citizens  for  quick  search  of  information  on  the  details  of  first  Appellate Authorities, PIOs   etc. • Right to Information Act 2005 mandates timely response to  citizen  requests  for  government  information.  It  is  an  initiative  taken  by Department  of  Personnel  and  Training, Ministry  of  Personnel,  Public  Grievances  and  Pensions
  • 4. Scope of RTI • The  Act  covers  the  whole  of  India  except  Jammu  and  Kashmir, where J&K Right to Information Act is in force. • It  is  not  to  all  constitutional  authorities,  including  the  executive,  legislature  and  judiciary;  any  institution  or  body established or constituted by an act of Parliament or  a state legislature. • In  this  Act  that  bodies  or  authorities  established  or  constituted by order or notification of appropriate govt.  including  bodies  "owned,  controlled  or  substantially  financed"  by  govt.,  or  non-govt.  organisations  "substantially  financed,  directly  or  indirectly  by  funds"  provided by the government are also covered in the Act.
  • 5. Preamble of RTI Act • ..............to  promote  transparency  and  accountability  in  the  working  of  every  public authority. • • • ..............  to  contain  corruption  and  to  hold  Governments  and  their  instrumentalities  accountable to the governed. •
  • 6. What is Information ? • Information means any material in any form including:
  • 7. What does “Record” mean? üAny document üFile üAny material produced by a computer or any other device. Sec. 2 ( i ) ü
  • 8. Exclusions Certain info cannot be given if :- üIt affects the sovereignty and integrity of India  Sec 8 (1) (a). ü üIt has been expressly forbidden to be published by  any Court of law Sec. 8 (1) (b). ü üIt  causes  breach  of  privilege  of  the  Parliament  or  State Legislature Sec. 8 (1) (c). •
  • 9. Exclusions (Cont…) üInfo is held in commercial confidence, trade secrets or  intellectual property.          Sec. 8 (1) (d). ü üIf  info  is  held  in  fiduciary  relationship,  unless the competent authority is satisfied that the larger public interest warrants the disclosure of such info. Sec. 8 (1) (e). ü üIf info is received in confidence from foreign Govt.                                                            Sec. 8 (1) (f).
  • 10. Exclusions (Cont…) üIf the info endangers the life or physical  safety of any  person….                                         Sec. 8 (1) (g). ü üIf it impedes the process the investigation or apprehension or  prosecution of offenders….     Sec. 8 (1) (h). üCabinet papers including records of deliberations of the  council of Ministers, Secretaries and other officers till  decisions on it are taken…..                                Sec. 8 (1) (i). ü
  • 11. Exclusions (Cont…) üPersonal  info,  the  disclosure  of  which  has  no  relationship  to  any  public  activity  or  interest,  or  which  would  cause  unwarranted  invasion  of  privacy  of  the  individual  …  unless  larger  public  interest justifies the disclosure of such info. ….                                                        Sec. 8 (1) (j). ü üOnly info which can be denied to the Parliament or  Legislature…..                 Sec. 8 (1) (k). •
  • 12. Important üInfo should be given in the public interest if it outweighs the harm to the protected interests or anything contained in the Official Secrets Act or contained in any of the exemptions of Sec. 8 (1) of RTI Act 2005. Sec. 8 (2). üInfo should be provided on any event or matter which has taken place 20 years before the date of RTI Application. Sec. 8 (3) ü
  • 13. Exclusions (Cont…) üIf it infringes ‘copyright’. Sec. 9 üReasonable severance of information which is exempt from disclosure. Sec. 10 (1) and Sec .10(2) ü üThird party information – e.g. Tax returns (unless public interest outweighs interest of the third party ) Sec. 11 (1) ü
  • 14. RTI Application / Appeal system Step 1 :- üEvery Govt. Department has appointed one “Public Information Officer (PIO)” and a higher officer called “First Appellate Authority”. üThe RTI Application should be addressed to the PIO of that concerned Dept. to which the info relates. The PIO is appointed to provided info on RTI Applications. üThe PIO is supposed to provide info within 30 days of the receipt of the RTI Application. •
  • 15. RTI Application / Appeal system (Cont…) Step 2 :- ü When the applicant is not satisfied with the info provided or when info has been denied in part or whole, then the “First Appeal” need to be filed. It has to be addressed to “The First Appellate Authority” of that concerned Dept. to which the info relates. ü The First Appeal should be filed within 30 days from the date when info has been received or should have been received. ü The First Appellate Authority (FAA) may call the Appellant and the PIO for a hearing. The FAA should direct the PIO to provide ASAP and / or provide a written Order within 30 days of receipt of the First Appeal. •
  • 16. RTI Application / Appeal system (Cont…) Step 3 :- üIf the Appellant is not satisfied with the info then provided or denied, then he may file a Second Appeal with the Chief Info. Commissioner within the 90 days from the date when info has been received or should have been received. ü üIf still satisfactory response is not received by the appellant, he may approach the High Court in writ petition. •
  • 17. Examples of State Govt. Depts.üMunicipal Corporation / Municipal Council üCollector üPolice Dept. üDepartments existing in Mantralaya üDepts. controlled / formed by the State Govt. etc. ü
  • 18. Examples of Central Govt. Depts.üRailways üAirlines (Government run) / Airports etc. üPassport Offices üBanks (Private and Public) üDepartments controlled / formed by the Central Govt. etc. ü
  • 19. Agencies excluded from RTI ActüIntelligence Bureau üRAW üDRI üCentral Economic Intelligence Bureau üDirectorate of Enforcement üNarcotics Control Bureau üAviation Research Centre üSpecial Frontier Force üBSF üCRPF üITBP üCISF üNSG üAssam Rifles üSpecial Service Bureau üCID (Special Branch) – Andaman Nicobar üCrime Branch Dadra & Nagar Haveli üSp. Branch Lakshadweep Police.
  • 20. Exemption clause in detail • National security • Trade secrete/IPR/copy right • Privacy • Foreign relation • Danger to life & physical safety • Impede the investigation • Cabinet papers • Public interest v/s protected interests •
  • 21. RTI Applications / Appeals for State Govt. Depts. üFill the RTI Application Form (i.e. Annexure A) and affix Rs. 10 Court Fee Stamp. üTake a xerox of the filled Application Form and either hand deliver it or send it by “Copy Letter” system of a Courier Co. so that you get a stamped and signed acknowledgement of the same. üFor filing First Appeal, fill the first Appeal Form (i.e. Annexure B), then affix Rs. 20 Court Fee Stamp and then follow the same procedure as in point no. 2 above. üAvoid sending the Application / Appeal by ordinary post as far as possible.
  • 22. RTI Applications / Appeals for State Govt. Depts. üInfo / First appeal Order should be received by the appellant within 30 days of filing of First Appeal. üIf info received is unsatisfactory or info is denied then Second Appeal (Annexure C) can be filed to the State Information Commissioner within 90 days. üCharges and other procedure for filing Second Appeal remains the same as for First Appeal.
  • 23. RTI Applications / Appeals for Central Govt. Depts. üFill the RTI Application Form (i.e. Annexure A). Either enclose a money order or DD or Pay Order or IPO of Rs. 10 along with the application. üTake a Xerox of the filled Application Form and either hand deliver it or send it by “Copy Letter” system of a Courier Co. so that you get a stamped and signed acknowledgement of the same. üFor filing First Appeal, fill the first Appeal Form (i.e. Annexure B). üThere is no charge for filing the First and Second Appeal. Other procedures remain the same.
  • 24. RTI Applications / Appeals for Central Govt. Depts. (Cont…)üAvoid sending the Application / Appeal by ordinary post as far as possible. üInfo / First appeal Order should be received by the appellant within 30 days of filing of First Appeal. üIf info received is unsatisfactory or info is denied then Second Appeal (Annexure C) can be filed to the Central Information Commissioner within 90 days. •
  • 25. Penalty, Denial & Compensation under RTI Act • PIO can be penalized by CIC/SIC only u/s 20 of the RTI Act i.e. @ Rs. 250 per day of delay or malafide denial of information. Up to a Maximum limit of Rs. 25000/-. [Note: FAA has no jurisdiction to impose Penalty]. • Section 19(8) gives power to CIC/SIC to grant compensation to the appellant. • Repeated and mala fide denial of information by a PIO can result in a negative remark in his / her Annual Confidential Report (ACR). •
  • 26. RTI Application Form (Annexure A) To, Public Information Officer, __ Department Address. 1.Full name of the applicant : . 2.Address : 3.Subject matter of information :-- 4.The period to which the information relates : From __ till __. 5.Description of the information required : 6.Whether information is required by post or in person : By Post. 7.In case by post (Ordinary, Registered or Speed) : By Registered Post.
  • 27. RTI First Appeal Form (Annexure B)To, The First Appellate Authority, __ Department Address. 1.Full name of the appellant : 2.Address : 3.Particulars of the State / Central Public Information Officer : 4.Date of receipt of order appealed against (if order passed) : 5.Last date for filing the appeal : 6.The grounds for appeal : 7.Particulars of information : 8.Nature and subject matter of the information required : 17.Name of the Office or Department to which the information relates: Encl :-- 10.Copy of my RTI Application dated _________________. 11.Reply recd. from the PIO, dtd ______________, recd. by me on date___ .
  • 28. RTI Second Appeal Form (Annexure C)To :- The Chief Information Commissioner, Address 1.Full name and Address of the Appellant :- 2.Particulars of State / Central Public Information Officer :- 3.Particulars of First Appellate Authority :- 4.Date of receipt of the order appealed against :- 5.Last date of filing the appeal :- 6.The grounds of appeal :- 7.Prayer :--
  • 29. 8. Particulars of information :- 9. Nature and subject matter of the information required :-- 10.Name of the Office or Department to which the information relates :-- Enclosure :-- Copy of my RTI Application dated________ . Ref. No. _________, received by the PIO on date __________. Copy of the reply received from PIO, dated_________ , received by me on date_______. Copy of the reply received from Appellate Authority dated._____------______, recd. by me on _________. •
  • 30. Framing of Questions Never ask questions like what, why, when etc. Applications will get dismissed straight away Instead always start with: ü üProvide copy of. üProvide circulars. üProvide minutes. üProvide samples. üProvide GR. üProvide file noting.
  • 31. Charges for Information If information is received within 30 days of filing of application then :- üRs. 2 / page – A4/A3 paper size üRs. 50 / CD üAs per actual for plans / samples etc. üFor inspection of records – 1st Hr is free, then Rs. 5 for every subsequent 15 minutes. üFor Courts - Refer Bombay High Court RTI Rules üIf information is received after 30 days, no charges are to be paid. •
  • 32. Charges for Information Conti…..• Every person seeking the information shall request orally or in writing or through electronic means paying the requisite fees at the following rates : • In respect of public authorities at the Village Level – No fee ; • In respect of public authorities at Mandal Level – Rs. 5/- per application ; • In respect of public authorities other than those covered above – Rs. 10/- per application ; •
  • 33. Charges for Information Conti…..• Samples and models – actual cost thereof; • vi) Inspection of records – no fee for the first hour; and a fee of rupees five for each fifteen minutes (or fraction thereof) thereafter; • vii) Material to be sent by post – the actual postal charges in addition to the charge payable as per the rules. • The applicant is not required to give any reason or any other personal details except those that may be necessary for contacting him. •
  • 34. Charges for Information Conti…..• The sale price of publications printed matter, text, maps, plans, floppies, CDs, samples, models or material in any other form. • e) Other than priced material : • i) Material in printed or text form (in A4 or A3 size paper) Rs.2/- per each page per copy; • Material in printed or text form in larger than A4 or A3 size paper - actual cost thereof; • Maps and plans – actual cost thereof; • Information in Electronic format viz., Floppy, CD or DVD: • (a) Rupees fifty for Floppy of 1.44 MB; • (b) Rupees one hundred for CD of 700 MB; and • (c) Rupees two hundred for CD (DVD). •
  • 35. Mode of payment ü For Maharashtra State ü Rs. 10/- Court Fee Stamp for RTI application. ü Rs. 20/- Court fee Stamp for 1st & 2nd Appeal. ü ü For Central Public Authorities: ü BC/DD/IPO in favor of “Accounts Officer” of designated authority. ü NOTE: No Fees applicable for 1st & 2nd appeals. ü For Courts, Western & Central Railways ü Please check respective RTI Rules. •
  • 36. Court fee stamp as RTI fees in Maharashtra
  • 37. Indian Postal Order [IPO]
  • 38. Western & Central Railway RTI fees
  • 39. Please remember…. • Right to Information Act 2005 [RTI] is a powerful tool in the hands of the citizens; it is up to the citizens to use it in a responsible manner and for a bona fide purpose only. • Frivolous use or use with the intention of harassment or personal gain will defeat the very objectives of this Act. •
  • 40. OFFICIAL SECRETS ACT 1923OFFICIAL SECRETS ACT 1923 THEN NOW
  • 41. •Thank You

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