Japanese I Adjectives Part 2

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Japanese I Adjectives Part 2

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  • error on slide 4:
    past affirmative - was X
    past negative - was not X.

    otherwise some really useful grammar.
    thanks
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Japanese I Adjectives Part 2

  1. 1. Japanese i-adjectives <br /> Part 2 <br />
  2. 2. Let’s review!<br />Ok , so now we know that there are 2 types of adjectives in Japanese right?<br />Can you remember what they are called?<br />That’s right ! <br /><ul><li>i-adjectives
  3. 3. na-adjectives </li></li></ul><li>We also learned that there are 2 types of speech in Japanese.<br />Can you remember what the two types of speech were ?<br />Right again !<br /><ul><li> Formal speech
  4. 4. Informal speech</li></li></ul><li>We also learned about the 4 tenses in Japanese!<br />Can you remember the 4 tenses were?<br />Yes? …Good job!<br /><ul><li>Present Affirmative ( is X )
  5. 5. Present Negative ( is not X )
  6. 6. Past Affirmative ( is X )
  7. 7. Past Negative ( is not X )</li></li></ul><li>Now let’s go over one some new facts about i-adjectives.<br />There are true and false i-adjectives<br />WHAT? TRUE AND FALSE I-ADJECTIVES?!!....<br />Don’t worry , let me break it down for you. <br />
  8. 8. True adjectives are those that end in ( i ) , hence their name , makes sense right?<br />For example :<br /><ul><li>takai (expensive)
  9. 9. ookii (big)
  10. 10. chikai (near/close)
  11. 11. samui (cold )
  12. 12. oishii (delicious)
  13. 13. ureshii (happy) </li></li></ul><li>But…..<br />Every now and then you’ll see an<br />adjective like this one  kirei(pretty/clean)<br />And you’ll say , “ hey that’s an i-adjective<br />because it ends in i !” <br />Right?...........<br />
  14. 14. WRONG! <br />
  15. 15. And you’ll think to yourself (How can that be ?!, kirei ends in i- so it has to be an i-adjective! )<br />Well in this case (kirei ) is a na-adjective.<br />Why<br />
  16. 16. The reason why it’s a na-adjective is<br />because “true” i-adjectives end in ( i ) but<br />never in (ei )!<br />Since Kirei(pretty)ends in (ei ) it is a false <br />i-adjective..therefore it is called a na-adjective.<br />
  17. 17. So it’s easy to identify the false i-adjectives that end in (ei) like kirei.<br />2. But there are other false i-adjectives that are harder to identify. <br /> Unfortunately you will just have to memorize them.<br />
  18. 18. Check out the following list on the next slide , and<br />notice how kirei (ei) and genki (i) are both na<br />adjectives.<br />(kirei) is easy to identify as a false i-adj because it<br />ends in ei, therefore it is really a na-adj.<br />(Genki) is the tricky one here, but this is one of the<br />ones that you’ll just have to memorize as being na<br />adjectives , and not an i-adjective, but don’t worry<br />There are only a handful of na-adjectives that end in<br />i , and ei.<br />
  19. 19. Some adjectives that seem like i-adjectives but are really na-adjectives…..<br />Kirei(pretty/clean)  NA  kireinaきれい きれいな<br />Benri(Convenient)  NA benrinaべんり   べんりな<br />Suki(like/favorite) NA  sukina<br />すき    すきな<br />Genki(healthy/well)  NA  genkinaげんき        げんきな<br />
  20. 20. EXERCISE TIME !<br /> Identify which are i-adjectives/na-adjectives. Ex: kirei = na adj.<br />1. oishii(delicious)= <br />2. kirei(pretty/clean)=<br />3. takai(expensive)=<br />4. kirai(dislike)=<br />5. ureshii(happy)=<br />
  21. 21. 6. tanoshii(fun) = <br />7. benri(convenient)=<br />8. yasui(cheap)=<br />9. teinei(polite)=<br />10. yuumei(famous)=<br />
  22. 22. RECAP<br />In this lesson we learned that i-adjectives end in ( i ) but never in ( ei ) <br />We also learned that there are exceptions to this rule because even though (genki)ends in i , it is still a na-adjective.<br />
  23. 23. NEW LESSONS COMING SOON !<br />yoshminna !, ganbatte ne!(Alright everyone ! Good luck!)<br />

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