Wilmot Proviso Kansas-
1846 Fugitive slave act Republicans Nebraska Lincoln
Compromise of 1850 Uncle Tom’s Anthony Dred Scott Crittenden
Cabin Burns compromise
-provided an appropriation of $2 million to enable President Polk to negotiate a
territorial settlement with Mexico.
-introduced an amendment to the bill stipulating that none of the territory
acquired in the Mexican War should be open to slavery.
-the bill was passed in the House, but the Senate adjourned without voting on it.
Wanted the proviso to be passed and therefore
voted for it to pass through the House and the Would not vote on it and
Senate. David Wilmot was a Representative and a therefore it was rejected
Senator from Pennsylvania, and took a leading part from the senate.
in the founding of the Republican Party in 1854.
He wrote the proviso as a strategy to prevent a civil
war, which worked for awhile.
- Texas would relinquish the land in dispute but would be given 10
- Regarding Washington, the slave trade would be abolished in the
District of Columbia, although slavery would still be permitted.
- California would be admitted as a free state.
-The Fugitive Slave Act was passed.
was not keen on the compromise of 1850. It wanted had a different idea. They thought the compromise
to help free slaves, but because of the Fugitive slave was, if not enitirely fair, a way to settle the slavery
act, there would be consequences for their actions. issue. The compromise however was only
This act caused many infamous cases that were key in temporary, because the south and the north were
dividing the nation even more not happy with the results.
The Compromise of 1850 accomplished what it set out to do -- it kept the nation united -- but the solution was only temporary.
The fugitive slave act was a part of the Compromise of 1850. The act said that for any
slave, free or not, returned to the owner would get a payment of $10. The slaves had no
right to a trial by jury, and by any chance the slave was released, the person who set them
free would only receive $5. The north was so outraged that the laws were passed that it
inspired Harriet Beecher Stowe to right Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
Was absolutely outraged, Saw these laws a
and riots broke out in many compromise for making
towns. The north tried to California a free state. They
pass legislation designed to were overall happy with the
hamper the federal law, because many slaves,
commissioners' activities, but free or not, were being
the government declared returned to the south.
Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Connecticut and she was an active abolitionist> Her novel, Uncle
Tom’s Cabin, focuses on the character of Uncle Tom, a long-suffering black slave around whom the
stories of other characters—both fellow slaves and slave owners—revolve. The story was a great push in
the direction of pointing out the injustices of slavery, and the book
was the best-selling novel of the 19th century, and the second best-selling book of that century, following
Was enraged at the book,
Was enthralled with the because they felt the book
book. They thought the was not accurate, and didn’t
book pointed out portray slavery correctly.
significant point on the They tried to stifle the
injustice of slavery and popularity of the book, but to
used it as motivation for no avail. The books
fighting the south. reputation preceded it and it
was an amazing success.
The Republican Party name was christened in an editorial written by New York
newspaper magnate Horace Greeley. Greeley printed in June 1854: "We should not
care much whether those thus united (against slavery) were designated 'Whig,' 'Free
Democrat' or something else; though we think some simple name like 'Republican'
would more fitly designate those who had united to restore the Union to its true
mission of champion and promulgator of Liberty rather than propagandist of slavery."
The start of the Republican Party led to the downfall of the
Whigs and the American (know-nothing) Party.
Anthony Burns was a very privileged slave, however he wanted more then just
privileges, he wanted his rights and his freedom. when he got his chance, Anthony
boarded a boat and headed north to Boston, a fugitive, but free. He sent a letter to
his brother but his master, Charles Suttle of Alexandria, Virginia, found out about
where he was, he went to retrieve Anthony and bring him back to VA.
The Northerners could not hide The southerners were behind the
Anthony because of the fugitive slave act, master, Charles Suttle. Even the
however they did hold a rally. Two President at that time, Franklin
groups, one made up of freed slaves and Pierce, was firm on the fact that
one made up of white abolitionists met to Burns had to return to Virginia.
try and free Anthony. Both failed, and He ordered marines and
Anthony was walked onto a boat that artillery to see him home.
sailed for VA.
A black church soon raised $1300 to purchase Burns' freedom. In less than a year
Anthony Burns was back in Boston, a free man.
It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide
for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which
prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´.
Was furious because they thought the In the pro-slavery South it
Mississippi Compromise was a long- was strongly supported, and
standing, binding agreement. many southerners rushed
into the territory to settle
So much disagreement in the area led to “the Bleeding of Kansas”,
and President Franklin Pierce had to send in troops to resolve the
It was declared in March 1857 by the US Supreme Court that no black, slave or not, could
ever become a citizen of the United States. The court also declared the 1820 Missouri
Compromise unconstitutional, thus permitting slavery in all of the country's territories.
The case before the court was that of Dred Scott v. Sanford. Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in
the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of
Missouri, had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom.
The judge stated that in reference to the Declaration of Independence that all men
are created equal; "it is too clear for dispute, that the enslaved African race were not
intended to be included, and formed no part of the people who framed and adopted
this declaration. . . .“
Fredrick Douglass announced, "my hopes were never brighter than now." HE thought
the decision would bring slavery to the attention of the nation and was a step toward
slavery's ultimate destruction.
Lincoln was nominated in 1860 and became president in 1861. Not an
abolitionist, he held the slavery issue secondary to that of preserving the
Union, but soon decided that the war could not be brought to a successful
conclusion without freeing the slaves.
Experienced a great
Was happy, as the economic downturn with no
slaves were more slaves. They had to
eventually freed change their whole way of
and slavery was living and were not happy
officially ended. about the outcome of the
The Crittenden Compromise was the last effort to resolve the secession crisis of 1860-61
by political negotiation. Authored by Kentucky Senator John Crittenden (whose two sons
would become generals on opposite sides of the Civil War) it was an attempt to resolve
the crisis by addressing the concerns that led the states of the Lower South to
The Compromise, proposed December 18, 1860, consisted of a six proposed
constitutional amendments, and four proposed Congressional resolutions.
None of them worked out.