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Rotary Basics 3 2010

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  • 1. Rotary International, the world’s first service club organization, www.rotary.org is made up of 33,000 clubs in more than 200 countries and RotaRy geographical areas. Its members form a global network of busi- ness, professional, and commu- nity leaders who volunteer their time and talents to serve their communities and the world. Rotary’s motto, Service Above Self, exemplifies the hu- manitarian spirit of the organi- zation’s more than 1.2 million members. “Rotary lets you give something back, in the knowledge that you belong to the largest family of givers.” — Deanna Ann Duguid, Indonesia Strong fellowship among Rotarians and meaningful community and international service projects characterize Rotary worldwide. Rotary enjoys a rich and sometimes complex tradition and organizational structure, with many programs that can be confusing to new and even not-so-new members. The following pages offer a basic Rotary education — the fun- BaSICS damental knowledge that will make every member better in- formed about Rotary and proud to be a Rotarian. Now online at www.rotary.org/rotarybasics
  • 2. 1905 Chicago attorney Paul Harris the organization Brazil, India, Japan, Korea, and Switzerland. The office for RI in Great Britain and Ireland organizes first Rotary meeting of Rotary (RIBI), located in England, serves clubs and on 23 February, leading to formation of the Rotary Club Rotary is essentially a grassroots organization, districts in that region. The Secretariat’s chief of Chicago. with most of its service efforts being carried operating officer is the RI general secretary, out at the club level. The district and inter- who heads a 740-member staff working to 1907 national structure is designed to support the serve Rotarians worldwide. Rotary Club of Chicago helps to organize installation clubs and help them provide more service in of public toilets, one of the their local communities and abroad. club’s first acts of community service. Clubs Rotarians are members of Rotary Benefits and clubs, which belong to the global association Responsibilities of 1910-11 Rotary International (RI). Each club elects Paul Harris elected first its own officers and enjoys considerable Club Membership president of National The club is the cornerstone of Rotary, where Association of Rotary Clubs at autonomy within the framework of Rotary’s the first convention. constitution and bylaws. the most meaningful work is carried out. All effective Rotary clubs are responsible for four 1911-13 Districts Clubs are grouped into 531 RI dis- key elements: sustaining or increasing their Clubs formed in Canada, tricts, each led by a district governor, who is membership base, participating in service Great Britain, and Ireland; an officer of RI. The district administration, organization name changes to projects that benefit their own community International Association of including assistant governors and various and those in other countries, supporting Rotary Clubs. committees, guides and supports the clubs. The Rotary Foundation of RI financially and RI Board The 19-member RI Board of Direc- through program participation, and devel- 1915-16 Club chartered in Cuba, the tors, which includes the RI president and oping leaders capable of serving in Rotary first non-English-speaking president-elect, meets quarterly to establish beyond the club level. Rotary country. policies. Traditionally, the RI president, who What Rotarians get out of Rotary de- 1916-17 is elected annually, develops a theme and pends largely on what they put into it. Many President Arch Klumph service emphases for the year. membership requirements are designed to proposes establishing an The Secretariat Rotary help members more fully endowment fund, precursor of International is head- “The more I learn about participate in and enjoy The Rotary Foundation. quartered in the Chicago their Rotary experience. Rotary, the more I love suburb of Evanston, Service All Rotary clubs Illinois, USA, with seven Rotary.” share a key mission: international offices in — Michael P Slevnik, USA . to serve their commu- 1942-43 Argentina, Australia, nity and those in need Rotary conference in London on education and cultural exchange sets stage for UNESCO. 1945-46 Forty-nine Rotarians help draft the UN Charter. 1946-47 Founder Paul Harris dies in Chicago; outpouring of funds from Rotarians used to establish fellowship program. 1948-49 First 18 Rotary Fellows study abroad, a precursor of Ambassadorial Scholars.
  • 3. “Thanks to one persistent Rotarian who did not know the meaning of ‘Thank you, but no,’ I am now a member of the Rotary family.” — Sylvia Byers, Australia throughout the world. By participating in club service projects, members learn about their club’s involvement in local and international projects and can vol- unteer their time and talents where they are most needed. Membership recruitment and retention To keep clubs strong, every Rotarian must share the responsibil- ity of bringing new people into Rotary. Even new members can bring guests to Rotary policy requires members Rotary’s mission expanded, the Object meetings or invite them to participate to attend at least 50 percent of club of Rotary provides a succinct definition in a service project. The value of Rotary meetings in each half of the year. If of the organization’s purpose as well as speaks for itself, and the best way to members miss their own club’s meet- the club member’s responsibilities. spark the interest of potential members ing, they’re encouraged to expand their The Object of Rotary is to encourage is by letting them experience fellowship Rotary horizons by attending make- and foster the ideal of service as a basis and service firsthand. up meetings at any Rotary club in the of worthy enterprise and, in particular, Keeping members interested in world — a practice that guarantees to encourage and foster: Rotary is another responsibility. Good Rotarians a warm welcome in commu- club fellowship and early involvement nities around the globe. Find meeting FIRST The development of in service projects are two of the best places and times in the Official Direc- acquaintance as an opportunity for ways to sustain the club’s membership. tory or through the Club Locator at service; The ideal composition of a Rotary www.rotary.org. SECOND High ethical standards club reflects the community’s demo- Rotarians can also make up meet- in business and professions; the graphics, including professions, gender, ings by participating in a club service recognition of the worthiness age, and ethnicity. Such diversity project or by attending a club board of all useful occupations; and enriches every aspect of the club’s fel- meeting, a Rotaract or Interact club the dignifying of each Rotarian’s lowship and service. meeting, or an online meeting at one of occupation as an opportunity to serve Attendance Attending club meetings several Rotary e-clubs. society; allows members to enjoy their club’s THIRD The application of the ideal fellowship, enrich their professional and Rotary’s Guiding of service in each Rotarian’s personal, personal knowledge, and meet other business leaders in their community. Principles business, and community life; Club meeting times vary to accommo- Throughout Rotary’s history, several FOURTH The advancement date members’ family and professional basic principles have been developed to of international understanding, commitments. Some clubs meet during guide Rotarians in achieving the ideal goodwill, and peace through a the traditional time of the lunch hour, of service and high ethical standards. world fellowship of business and while others meet in the early morning, Object of Rotary First formulated in professional persons united in the after work, or in the evening. 1910 and adapted through the years as ideal of service.
  • 4. 1962-63  lub Service focuses on strengthening C First Interact club formed in Melbourne, Florida, USA. fellowship and ensuring the effective World Community Service functioning of the club. program launched.  ocational Service encourages V 1965-66 Rotarians to serve others through their Special Grants (now Matching vocations and to practice high ethical Grants) and Group Study standards. Exchange programs begin.  ommunity Service covers the projects C 1967-68 First Rotaract club and activities the club undertakes to formed in Charlotte, improve life in its community. North Carolina, USA.  nternational Service encompasses I 1978-79 actions taken to expand Rotary’s Health, Hunger and humanitarian reach around the globe Humanity (3-H) and to promote world understanding Grants begin. and peace. 1979-80 Classification principle By assigning each Foundation grant to immunize member a classification based on his or her six million Philippine children against polio sets stage for business or profession, this system ensures RI Programs PolioPlus. that the club’s membership reflects the busi- RI’s programs and service opportunities ness and professional composition of its are designed to help Rotarians meet needs 1984-85 in their own communities and reach out to Rotary launches PolioPlus community. The number of members holding program and campaigns a particular classification is limited according assist people in need worldwide. to raise US$120 million to to the size of the club. The goal is professional Interact Rotary clubs organize and sponsor immunize all the children of diversity, which enlivens the club’s social this service organization for youth ages 14-18; the world. atmosphere and provides a rich resource of more than 11,800 clubs in 162 countries and occupational expertise to carry out service geographical areas. projects and provide club leadership. Rotaract Rotary clubs organize and sponsor Avenues of Service Based on the Object of this leadership, professional development, Rotary, the Avenues of Service are Rotary’s and service organization for young adults ages 1987-88 philosophical cornerstone and the foundation 18-30; more than 7,100 clubs in 163 countries Through the PolioPlus on which club activity is based: and geographical areas. campaign, Rotarians raise US$247 million. First women Rotary Community Corps (RCC) Rotary join Rotary. clubs organize and sponsor these groups of 1988-89 The Four-Way Test non-Rotarians who work to improve their Rotary returns to Hungary Followed by Rotarians worldwide in their communities; more than 6,500 RCCs in 76 and Poland. business and professional lives, The countries and geographical areas. Four-Way Test was created by Rotarian 1994-95 Herbert J. Taylor in 1932. It has since Rotary Fellowships and Rotarian Action Western Hemisphere declared been translated into more than 100 Groups Rotary Fellowships (groups geared polio-free. to vocational and recreational interests) and languages and is used by organizations 1998-99 and individuals throughout the world. Rotarian Action Groups (focused on hu- Rotary Centers for manitarian service activities) compose Global Of the things we think, say or do International Studies in Networking Groups, which are open to all peace and conflict resolution 1) Is it the TRUTH? Rotarians, spouses of Rotarians, and Rotarac- established. 2) Is it FAIR to all concerned? tors; more than 70 groups. 3) Will it build GOODWILL and BETTER Rotary Friendship Exchange Rotarian teams FRIENDSHIPS? or individuals, who may be accompanied by 4) Will it be BENEFICIAL to their families, make reciprocal visits to other all concerned? countries, staying in each other’s homes and learning about different cultures firsthand.
  • 5. Rotary Volunteers Rotarians and other Group Study Exchange is a short- skilled professionals are provided op- “The Rotary Foundation term cultural and vocational exchange portunities to offer their services and is the cement that binds program between districts in different experience to local and international countries for non-Rotarian profession- humanitarian projects. every one of us together.” als ages 25-40. Rotary Youth Exchange Clubs and — Calum Thomson, districts send and host students ages Scotland Humanitarian Grants Program 15-19 who travel abroad for cultural Humanitarian grants enable Rotarians exchanges of one week to a full year; to increase their support of internation- about 8,000 a year.  ermanent Fund, an endowment P al service projects that provide water Rotary Youth Leadership Awards from which only a portion of the wells, medical care, literacy classes, and (RYLA) Clubs and districts sponsor earnings are spent in support of other essentials to people in need. Ro- seminars to encourage and recognize Foundation programs, ensuring tarian participation is key to the success leadership abilities of youth and young the long-term viability of the of these projects. adults ages 14-30. Foundation Matching Grants assist Rotary clubs World Community Service (WCS)  olioPlus Fund, which supports P and districts in carrying out humanitar- Rotary clubs and districts from two Rotary’s goal of a polio-free world ian projects with clubs and districts in different countries form partnerships to other countries. Every dollar contributed to the Founda- implement community service projects. tion funds the humanitarian, edu- District Simplified Grants enable ProjectLINK at www.rotary.org is a cational, and cultural programs and districts to support service activities or searchable database of club and district program operations. Clubs and districts humanitarian endeavors that benefit community service projects in need apply for and receive Foundation grants local or international communities. of volunteers, funding, and donated to carry out many worthy goods, featuring descriptions of projects projects worldwide. The Every seeking an international partner and Rotarian, Every Year initiative, examples of successful completed designed to encourage world- projects. wide annual per capita giving of $100 or more, supports vital Foundation programs. the Rotary Foundation The Rotary Foundation of RI is a not- Educational Programs for-profit corporation whose mission These programs promote is to enable Rotarians to advance world international understanding understanding, goodwill, and peace by bringing together people through the improvement of health, the from different countries and support of education, and the allevia- cultures. tion of poverty. Ambassadorial Scholarships, an international program for Financial Support university-level studies, sends In the year ended 30 June 2008, The Ro- about 800 students each year tary Foundation received contributions to serve as ambassadors of totaling US$245.7 million and spent goodwill while abroad. $227.5 million in support of humanitar- Rotary World Peace Fellow- ian and educational programs imple- ships are awarded to individu- mented by clubs and districts and global als for study in master’s degree polio eradication activities. Contribu- and professional certificate tions go into one of three main funds: programs at one of the seven  nnual Programs Fund, which A Rotary Centers for Interna- provides grants and awards tional Studies in peace and through Foundation programs conflict resolution.
  • 6. 2000-01 Western Pacific region declared polio-free. 2001-02 Europe declared polio-free. 2002-03 Rotary launches a second polio eradication fundraising campaign to help fill a critical funding need. Rotarians raise over US$129 million. 2004-05 Clubs celebrate Rotary’s centennial by launching hundreds of community projects and contributing thousands of volunteer hours. Health, Hunger and Human- the Rotary ity (3-H) Grants fund long- “I have Rotary 2005-06 term, self-help, and sustainable Foundation Polio reduced to four to thank for my Future Vision development projects that use countries: Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. Polio an integrative approach to ad- international Plan cases worldwide have dropped dress humanitarian needs. network of To increase efficiency and by 99 percent since 1985. professionals develop a more strategic 2006-07 PolioPlus focus, The Rotary Founda- The Rotary Foundation The PolioPlus program pro- and friends tion Trustees adopted the recognizes the millionth Paul Harris Fellow. vides funding for mass immu- as well as Future Vision Plan. The plan’s nization campaigns as well as three-year pilot will begin July support for social mobilization, my better 2010 and involve about 100 2007-08 Rotary receives a US$100 surveillance, and laboratories to understanding Rotary districts worldwide. million grant from the Gates help carry out the final stages and interest for Clubs in these districts will not Foundation to help eradicate polio. of global polio eradication. Ro- participate in current Foun- tarians have raised funds that other people’s dation programs, which will will amount to more than $1.2 ways of living.” be phased out by 2013. Pilot billion in support by the time districts may apply for Rotary polio is eradicated and have — Mohammed Foundation District Grants, provided hundreds of thou- Rezaul Karim, which will enable them to sands of volunteer hours. Ro- Bangladesh carry out local and interna- tary is a spearheading partner tional projects of their choice, 2008-09 with the World Health Organi- and Rotary Foundation Global Rotary receives a US$255 million grant for polio zation, UNICEF, and U.S. Centers for Disease Grants, which will support projects in the eradication from the Gates Control and Prevention in the initiative to following areas of focus: peace and conflict Foundation. eradicate polio worldwide. As a result of their prevention/resolution, disease prevention efforts, two billion children under age five and treatment, water and sanitation, maternal have received the polio vaccine, five million and child health, basic education and literacy, people who might otherwise be paralyzed are and economic and community development. walking today, 500,000 new cases of polio are During the pilot phase, the Foundation will prevented each year, and the number of polio develop strategic partnerships with a range cases has declined by 99 percent worldwide. of organizations that share Rotary’s service
  • 7. interests and will refine the plan for ment reflecting the local culture, and participation by all Rotary districts in unparalleled opportunities to experi- Did you know? July 2013. ence the true breadth of Rotary’s inter-  Rotary Foundation Ambassado- national fellowship. rial Scholarships is the world’s largest, privately funded scholar- Rotary’s US$200 District conferences Rotarians are ship program. encouraged to attend their district con- Million Challenge ference, an annual motivational meet-  The Rotary Foundation has con- Rotary’s leadership in the polio eradica- tributed more than $2.0 billion in ing that showcases club and district program awards and operations tion effort was recognized in 2009 with activities. A family event, the district since 1947. a $255 million challenge grant from conference mixes fellowship with learn- the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. ing and allows Rotarians to become  Rotarians have established a The new funds come in addition to the more directly involved with charting host of organizations dedicated $100 million challenge grant received to various humanitarian causes, their district’s future. including ShelterBox, HungerPlus, from the Gates Foundation in 2007. Gift of Life, and Rotary Doctor The first grant was spent during the Bank. 2008 calendar year on immunization the Future and other polio eradication activities, Eradicating polio is the top priority for  Providing vitamin A supplements and the second grant must be spent during polio National Immu- Rotary International, but Rotary clubs nization Days has averted an in the same way in 2009. Rotary must worldwide will continue to address the estimated 1.5 million childhood raise $100 million to match each grant critical issues of health and hunger, wa- deaths since 1998 — testimony for a total of $200 million by 30 June ter management, and literacy through to the “plus” in PolioPlus. 2012. This fundraising effort is called local and international projects. Invit-  RI representatives work with Rotary’s US$200 Million Challenge. ing more business, professional, and many major international Every Rotary club in the world is being community leaders to join Rotary and organizations, including the UN asked to help meet the challenge by forming new clubs in underserved parts and several of its agencies, the organizing a public fundraising event of the world also remain high priorities Organization of American States, annually for the next three years. The for the organization. With more than the Council of Europe, and the $555 million generated by the grant African Union. 100 years of experience in providing and match will be a vital catalyst to service to communities worldwide, help achieve Rotary’s top goal of ending Rotary stands ready to respond to the polio worldwide. needs of an ever-changing world. Key Meetings Several key meetings bring Rotarians together to share ideas, celebrate suc- cesses, enjoy fellowship, and plan for the future. RI Convention The RI Convention, the largest Rotary meeting, is held in May or June in a different part of the Rotary world each year. This lively, four-day event features speeches by world and Rotary leaders, spectacular entertain- “The RI Convention put the Rotary in this Rotarian.” — Eric Marcus, USA
  • 8. “Rotary has taught me how an ordinary citizen from a small town can be a world citizen.” — Raj Ghuman, India “Thanks to Rotary, my efforts to make the world a better place are multiplied. I’m no longer alone.” — Fernando Aguirre Palacios, Ecuador Find out more about Rotary and its service work at www.rotary.org. You can read the latest news, order publications, register for the international convention, contribute to The Rotary Foundation, and conduct other Rotary business. Rotary Basics continues online at www.rotary.org/rotarybasics. See videos, listen to audio presentations, and learn even more about what it means to be a Rotarian. 595-EN—(509)