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The History of Portugal
Background <ul><li>Portugal began in the early Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal is located in the Iberian Peninsula ...
Portugal’s Age of Discovery <ul><li>In its height, Portugal’s empire was vast and rivaled England, France and Spain in all...
Treaty of Tordesillas <ul><li>When Columbus discovered America, the Spanish and Portuguese quarreled </li></ul><ul><li>The...
Spice Trade in Southeast Asia <ul><li>Ceylon (Sri Lanka) was reached by the Portuguese in 1505. They sought to take contro...
Discovery and Settlement of Brazil <ul><li>Brazil was first claimed in 1500 by Pedro Alvares Cabral  </li></ul><ul><li>A m...
Government of Brazil <ul><li>Under King John III, Brazil became a royal enterprise, but in 1549, Tome de Sousa (the first ...
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Portugal

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Transcript of "Portugal"

  1. 1. The History of Portugal
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Portugal began in the early Middle Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal is located in the Iberian Peninsula bordering Spain and the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal became a world power in the 15 th and 16 th centuries, claiming land in South America, Africa, Asia and Australasia </li></ul><ul><li>The economic base for the empire in this period was slaves and spices </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually Portugal's empire was whittled away by other European conquest of their trading posts </li></ul><ul><li>In 1975 Portugal granted independence to all of its African Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>In 1986 Portugal entered the European Union </li></ul>
  3. 3. Portugal’s Age of Discovery <ul><li>In its height, Portugal’s empire was vast and rivaled England, France and Spain in all but political power </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese empire began in 1415 when Portugal captured Ceuta in North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>In the early 13 th century the Azorean islands were discovered and colonized </li></ul><ul><li>In the mid 13 th century several islands were discovered in the Gulf of Guinea </li></ul><ul><li>In 1487 the Cape of Good Hope was turned, giving a new route to India </li></ul><ul><li>In 1500, a Portuguese crew discovered the future colony of Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>Several million Portuguese emigrated to this new territory </li></ul>
  4. 4. Treaty of Tordesillas <ul><li>When Columbus discovered America, the Spanish and Portuguese quarreled </li></ul><ul><li>The compromise between the two nations was the Treaty of Tordesillas, which divided non-European lands at the North-South meridian 970 miles west of the Cape Verde islands </li></ul><ul><li>The exact boundaries were disputed because technology gave them imprecise measuring </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty was not strictly enforced, for example the Portuguese were allowed to expand Brazil westward uncontested </li></ul>
  5. 5. Spice Trade in Southeast Asia <ul><li>Ceylon (Sri Lanka) was reached by the Portuguese in 1505. They sought to take control of the spice trade their, which was dominated by the Kottle Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The Portuguese made the Malaccan Peninsula a new trading post at the Capitol of Goa </li></ul><ul><li>Good diplomatic relations between Portugal and the Kingdom of Siam aided their presence in the region </li></ul><ul><li>A Portuguese fort was constructed in Ternate in 1512, and a trade base was allowed at Macau, further extending trade influence </li></ul><ul><li>These trading posts helped establish the Portuguese large slice of the spice trade pie </li></ul>
  6. 6. Discovery and Settlement of Brazil <ul><li>Brazil was first claimed in 1500 by Pedro Alvares Cabral </li></ul><ul><li>A main export of the new colony was brazil wood, a valuable tree extracted from the rainforest which was used to create a dye for luxury clothing. The natives harvested the tree in exchange for tools and mirrors. </li></ul><ul><li>Competition between the Portuguese and French explorers caused conflicts. Notable missions were carried out against the French to ban them from the area </li></ul><ul><li>European adventurers aided the Portuguese in communicating with the natives </li></ul>
  7. 7. Government of Brazil <ul><li>Under King John III, Brazil became a royal enterprise, but in 1549, Tome de Sousa (the first Governor-General of Brazil) sought to establish a central government and travelled to the colony of Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>The capital city of Salvador de Bahia was constructed first and then the economies of the villages were reconstructed </li></ul><ul><li>After 1621, Brazil was divided into two states, each led by its own governor </li></ul><ul><li>Each village had a city council represented by high ranking members in society </li></ul><ul><li>After 1640, the capital of the Estado do Brazil was moved to Rio de Janeiro </li></ul>
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