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Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
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Portugal

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  • 1. The History of Portugal
  • 2. Background Portugal began in the early Middle Ages Portugal is located in the Iberian Peninsula bordering Spain and the Atlantic Ocean Portugal became a world power in the 15th and 16th centuries, claiming land in South America, Africa, Asia and Australasia The economic base for the empire in this period was slaves and spices Gradually Portugals empire was whittled away by other European conquest of their trading posts In 1975 Portugal granted independence to all of its African Colonies In 1986 Portugal entered the European Union
  • 3. Portugal’s Age of Discovery In its height, Portugal’s empire was vast and rivaled England, France and Spain in all but political power The Portuguese empire began in 1415 when Portugal captured Ceuta in North Africa In the early 13th century the Azorean islands were discovered and colonized In the mid 13th century several islands were discovered in the Gulf of Guinea In 1487 the Cape of Good Hope was turned, giving a new route to India In 1500, a Portuguese crew discovered the future colony of Brazil
  • 4. Treaty of Tordesillas When Columbus discovered America, the Spanish and Portuguese quarreled The compromise between the two nations was the Treaty of Tordesillas, which divided non-European lands at the North-South meridian 970 miles west of the Cape Verde islands The exact boundaries were disputed because technology gave them imprecise measuring The treaty was not strictly enforced, for example the Portuguese were allowed to expand Brazil westward uncontested
  • 5. Spice Trade in Southeast Asia Ceylon (Sri Lanka) was reached by the Portuguese in 1505. They sought to take control of the spice trade their, which was dominated by the Kottle Empire. The Portuguese made the Malaccan Peninsula a new trading post at the Capitol of Goa Good diplomatic relations between Portugal and the Kingdom of Siam aided their presence in the region A Portuguese fort was constructed in Ternate in 1512, and a trade base was allowed at Macau, further extending trade influence These trading posts helped establish the Portuguese large slice of the spice trade pie
  • 6. Discovery and Settlement of Brazil Brazil was first claimed in 1500 by Pedro Alvares Cabral A main export of the new colony was brazil wood, a valuable tree extracted from the rainforest which was used to create a dye for luxury clothing. The natives harvested the tree in exchange for tools and mirrors. Competition between the Portuguese and French explorers caused conflicts. Notable missions were carried out against the French to ban them from the area European adventurers aided the Portuguese in communicating with the natives
  • 7. Government of Brazil Under King John III, Brazil became a royal enterprise, but in 1549, Tome de Sousa (the first Governor-General of Brazil) sought to establish a central government and travelled to the colony of Brazil The capital city of Salvador de Bahia was constructed first and then the economies of the villages were reconstructed After 1621, Brazil was divided into two states, each led by its own governor Each village had a city council represented by high ranking members in society After 1640, the capital of the Estado do Brazil was moved to Rio de Janeiro

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