France and england


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France and england

  1. 1. 12: Middle Colonies Dutch Empire In the earth 1600s, the Dutch were particularly successful in North America, shipping more cargo than France, Spain and England combined Amsterdam, the Dutch capital, was the greatest economic center in Northern Europe The Dutch had an unusual government; a decentralized, liberal republic with religious freedom, in addition to greater tolerance to new ideas With its great wealth, the Dutch created the most powerful navy in Europe, and in 1628 captured a Spanish treasure fleet with 200,000 pounds of silver However, faced with attacks from the French and British, they had to abandon their American colonies to defend other areas in extensive empire
  2. 2. 12: Middle Colonies New Netherland The Dutch colony of New Netherland was diverse due to the Dutch policy of religious acceptance; in fact, the Dutch were a minority Women were also allowed more freedom than in other European colonies, such as more legal rights New Netherland stagnated, however, in terms of growth due lack of immigration because of the high standard of living at home and Netherland’s other colonies with more incentives British immigrants were far more numerous due to the economic difficulties there, and religious prosecution
  3. 3. 12: Middle Colonies The Navigation Acts The Navigation Acts were English rules which allowed only English Ships to trade with English colonies The Navigation Acts also restricted certain profitable resources like Tobacco and sugar to trade with England only In addition, all European goods had to be passed through a port to be taxed The restrictions were meant to increase English trade and revenue, in addition to the amount of ships built
  4. 4. 12: Middle Colonies Dutch Conflict With Britain The Dutch fought three wars in protest against the navigation acts, but they ended in a draw In 1664 an English mission to capture New Netherland, which succeeded, and in 1667 the colony was awarded in writing to the British. Despite a renewed attempt to take New Netherland, the Dutch finally gave up, and the English henceforth had control of most of the Eastern coast
  5. 5. 11: Carolina British Settlement of Carolina Charles Town was founded in 1670 in honor of King Charles II, which would be the capital of the new settlement which included modern North and South Carolina To dissuade Spanish attack (as the area was claimed by the Spanish), Britain succeeded in attracting many colonists to the area because of cheap land and religious freedom The land opportunities attracted farmers, as well as the poor, who were guaranteed a plot of land after some years as an indentured servant
  6. 6. 11: Carolina The Gun Trade Carolinian leaders offered guns to natives in return for catching slaves The Gun Trade was a damaging force to native society, because the natives would capture each other’s people to sell as slaves in order to pay for their weapons The Gun Trade created a reliance on the European guns and ammo trade
  7. 7. 11: Carolina Georgia In the 1720s, Georgia was founded in honor of King George The Georgia Trustees, a group of London philanthropists and social reformers, wanted to use Georgia as a social experiment by sending poor English there to teach them about hard work The funding for the colony by the English Parliament made Georgia the first colony paid for by British people directly It was forbidden for the imported colonists to use slave labor on their farms, and was the first colony to do so Eventually these new colonists rejected the Georgia Trustees, and the colony became similar to the Carolinas
  8. 8. 11: Carolina RiceThe Carolinas decided that they neededa staple export of their colonyColonists began producing tar andeventually became the leader in tarexportsHowever the Carolina’s success withgrowing rice made it their top exportproductFrom 1700 to 1740, exports of rice wentfor 400,000 pounds to 4.3 millionpoundsThe need for workers to cultivate theproduct created a large importation ofslaves