Management Theories Neo-Classical ApproachPresented by:Nazir Ahmad #110215Raja Faheem #110216
Evolution of Management Classical Approach Neo-Classical Approach Modern Approach
Neo-Classical Approach Human Relations Movement Behavioral theory
Human Relation Movement• Elton Mayo (1880–1949) was anAustralian psychologist, sociologist, wentto Harvard University.• spent most of his career at HarvardBusiness School as Professor of IndustrialResearch.• main focus was on the people working inan organization.
Human Relations Movement Elton Mayo conducted a research activity in Hawthorne Electric Plant in 1924 to research effect of physical conditions on productivity called as Hawthorne Studies. Research activities had been conducted between 1924-1930. Researchers tested the effects of: Lightning Heating Job breaks Physical arrangements;on productivity, But, they could not found any relation between.
Contribution of HRM A business organization is also a social system. A worker does not work for money only. Employee-centric, democratic and participative style of leadership is more efficient. A worker’s production norm is set and enforced by his group not by time and motion study.
Behavioral Theory Mature version Human Relations theory. Mary Follet, Abraham Maslow and others contributed to it. How managers should personally behave to motivate employees and encourage them to perform at high levels and be committed to the achievement of organization goals. Favor participation in the establishment, evaluation of standards of performance. Makes an effort to make managers more sensitive to their employee needs.
Contribution of Behavioral Theory advocates situational approach Builds confidence among employeesA conducive environment is created
Conclusion Organization is a social system also. Human resource is the most important asset of any organization