Advertising in Canada has to acknowledge the international aspects in order to be successful
A large part of the market in Toronto is NOT from the U.K. so we have to have advertising that can be understood by other people
The Top 10 Advertisers in Canada Rank Name 1 General Motors of Canada 113 048.4 2 Procter & Gamble 84 499.5 3 The Thomson Group 70 159.3 4 BCE 53 972.9 5 John Labatt Ltd. 50 036.0 6 Eaton’s of Canada 47 135.9 7 Sears Canada 46 582.1 8 Government of Canada 43 928.7 9 The Molson Companies 42 873.6 10 Chrysler Canada 41 171.5 Revenue (thousands of dollars) 1993 stats
these objectives guide the people who create the ads
Nonpersonal selling of a particular good or service. - TV ads - billboards - junk mail Product Advertising Categories of Advertising Page 518
Institutional Advertising Also called Advocacy advertising other Categories of Advertising See slide # 16
Competitive Advertising Pioneering Advertising, also called Informative “… tries to develop primary demand…” Done in the early stage of the Product Life Cycle. other Categories of Advertising Direct Indirect
Competitive Advertising Tries to get you to take action now - buy the product now. Immediate Buying other Categories of Advertising Direct Indirect Tries to point out the advantages so if you think about this product later, you will buy their brand
Advertising that makes direct comparisons with competitive brands. Companies used to hesitate to do this, but now they do it freely. Sometimes it can backfire and cause the viewer to NOT want to buy the product - if the comparison is too harsh eg. Political advertising that is too nasty Comparative Advertising
Some countries do not allow Comparative Advertising. Other countries allow it,,, but,, you have to prove any statements you make Comparative Advertising
Reminder Advertising Done in the Maturity and Decline stage of the Product Life Cycle. You already know about the product - they want you to keep using it, even if new competitors come along. These ads are usually “soft-sell” and try to be entertaining. other Categories of Advertising Page 521
Relationship between Advertising and the Product Life Cycle Pioneering Competitive Comparative
Promoting a concept, idea, or philosophy, or the goodwill of an industry, company, or organization. This is closely related to the PR program of the company Institutional Advertising Also called Advocacy advertising other Categories of Advertising Page 521
Used often by Japanese conglomerates that have many types of products eg. Hitachi SONY Mitsubishi Panasonic (Matsushita Electronics) Institutional Advertising other Categories of Advertising Page 521
The sharing of advertising costs between the middlemen and retailer and the manufacturer. This means they will co-operate to display sales promotion material and share the costs of commercials and billboards etc. Co-operative Advertising Retail Advertising Retail advertising is the advertising done by stores that sell “stuff” directly to the consumers. other Categories of Advertising
E t h i c a l I s s u e s Page 523 8th edition Page 444 9th edition
Media Advantages Disadvantages Newspapers Flexibility Short lifespan Community prestige Hasty reading Intense coverage Poor reproduction Reader control of exposure Co-ordination with national advertising Merchandising service Magazines Selectivity Lack of flexibility Quality reproduction Long life Prestige associated with some magazines Extra services Television Great impact Temporary nature of Mass Coverage message Repetition High cost Flexibility High mortality rate for Prestige commercials Evidence of public distrust Lack of selectivity Advantages and Disadvantages of the Various Advertising Media
Media Advantages Disadvantages Radio Immediacy Fragmentation Low cost Temporary nature of Practical audience message selection Little research information Mobility Outdoor Quick communication of Brevity of the message Advertising simple ideas Public concern over Repetition aesthetics Ability to promote products available for sale nearby Direct Mail Selectivity High cost per person Intense coverage Dependence on quality of Speed mailing list Flexibility of format Consumer resistance Complete information Personalization Advantages and Disadvantages of the Various Advertising Media
Pretesting The assessment of an advertisement’s effectiveness before it is actually used.
Post-testing The assessment of advertising copy after is has been used.
Assessing the Effectiveness of an Advertisement Page 387
A marketing specialist firm that assists the advertiser in planning and preparing its advertisements. They have specialists who know all about the effect of different advertising methods and can help a company with their strategy. Advertising Agency Page 535
Having celebrities lend their name and influence to the promotion of a product. Celebrity Marketing
Marketing technique that associates a product with the positive perception of a type of individual or role. (ie. Naya water with healthy lifeguards) Role Model Marketing Sometimes used by companies who cannot afford to pay a celebrity.