Holy Vessels (Lecture)


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Holy Vessels (Lecture)

  1. 1. The practical server must know and understand the various objects and vestments used in the liturgy.
  2. 2. CORPORAL- a sacred cloth of white linen around twenty inches square upon which the chalice, paten and ciboria are placed during Mass. PALL- a square of linen, stiffened with starch, cardboard, or plastic, set on the chalice to prevent dirt or insects from falling into it.
  3. 3. PATEN- is the plate on which the bread (big Host) used by the presider is placed and consecrated during the Mass. PURIFICATOR- a small piece of white absorbent linen, approximately eight by sixteen inches, folded in three lengthwise, and marked with a cross in the center, employed during the Mass.
  4. 4. CHALICE- is a cup usually (but not always) supported by a “node” (the central part of the vessel, usually a knob) and set on a base. This vessel is also used to hold the Precious Blood of the Lord at the Mass. CIBORIUM- is really a paten in the form of a chalice with a lid because the Sacred Body of our Lord is placed in it. It is used also to contain the Hosts reserved in the Tabernacle.
  5. 5. CRUETS- are the vessels to hold the wine (Blood of our Lord) and water ate the Mass. PITCHER AND BASIN- are used to hold and catch the water for the washing of the hands of the presider after the Offertory and Communion. They are always paired with a towel.
  6. 6. FINGER TOWEL- small clothes used by the celebrants at various times in the liturgy, for instance at the Preparation of the gifts in the Mass, or by the bishop when administering the Sacraments of Confirmation and Holy Orders. COMMUNION PLATE- is used during communion, held by a server under the chin of those who receive communion directly into the mouth.
  7. 7. BELL- known as the “Sanctus Bell” is rung by a server at Mass, at two elevations and as a warming before the consecration. It has practical use, to draw attention to the most sacred moments of the Liturgy. SACRAMENTARY BOOK- the book of presidential prayers for the officiant of the Eucharist and for any rites connected with the Mass.
  8. 8. LECTIONARY BOOK- the liturgical book that holds the spiritual readings used during the Liturgy of the Word in the Mass. This is usually placed at the “ambo” or lectern. SACRAMENTARY STAND- is placed on the altar at the preparation of gifts. It takes various forms, a metal or wooden book-rest or a cushion.
  9. 9. THURIBLE- is a metal bowl hanging by three chains (usually) from a disc. It is often mistaken for the “incense” and the “charcoal”. INCENSEBOAT- is shaped like a boat, with a hinged lid and a matching spoon. From the boat the grains of incense are spooned onto the burning coals in the Thurible.
  10. 10. CREDENCE TABLE- is a movable table to the side of the altar covered with white cloth, upon which are placed the things needed for sacred functions, particularly the Mass, such as the chalice, cruets, basin, and finger towel. PROCESSIONAL CROSS- is a large crucifix, set on a long staff, to be carried in procession, and perhaps used as the altar cross at Mass.
  11. 11. PROCESSIONAL CANDLE- are two tall candlesticks carried in procession by two servers. MONSTRANCE- is a larger vessel, really a stand to display the Host at exposition of the Blessed Sacrament .
  12. 12. LUNETTE- is the gift clip which holds Host when exposed in the Monstrance. PYX- is the round container which holds the Host and Lunette in the Tabernacle. A smaller pyx, like an old-fashioned watch case, is used to take the Eucharist to the stick.
  13. 13. ASPERGILIUM- is also known as the “bucket” and the sprinkler as an “aspergil”. OIL STOCKS- usually takes the form of a metal cylinder, with compartments for the sacramental oils (oil of the sick and oil of Chrism for Baptism and Confirmation).
  14. 14. ALB- is a white garment reaching to the ankles. It is derived from the ancient Roman tunic and is a sign of purity. The word “alb” comes from the Latin word for “white”. STOLE- is a distinctive sign of those who have received Holy Orders as they carry out the ministry in sacrament and worship.
  15. 15. CHASUBLE- is the major Eucharistic vestment, worn over the stole and the alb. It is the color of the season or day. DALMATIC- is worn by the deacon. It resembles a large coat, of the color of the season or day. It is worn over the stole and the alb.
  16. 16. COPE- is a large semi-circular cloak, held at the front by a clasp or band of fabric. It is used for solemn celebrations of the sacraments and for Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. HUMERAL VEIL- is a large white shawl, worn around the shoulders while carrying the Blessed Sacrament in procession and white giving the Eucharistic blessing at the benediction.
  17. 17. MITRE- is a double-pointed head-dress, with two lappets hanging at the back. It has been used by bishops since the 12th century. CROZIER- is a staff, usually with a shepherd's crook at the top, is a sign of his pastoral office the Bishop carries it to remind us that he is the pastor and guardian of God’s people.
  18. 18. PECTORAL CROSS- is the bishop’s necklace. It is worn under the chasuble and the dalmatic, under the cope but above the mozeta.